James Loeb

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James Loeb
Born (1867-08-06)August 6, 1867
Hamburg,[1] Germany
Died May 27, 1933(1933-05-27) (aged 65)
Munich, Germany
Nationality German
Occupation Banker

James Loeb (/lb/;[2] German: [løːp]; August 6, 1867 – May 27, 1933) was a German-born American banker, Hellenist and philanthropist.


James Loeb was the second born son of Solomon Loeb and Betty Loeb.[3] He joined his father at Kuhn, Loeb & Co. in 1888 and was made partner in 1894, but he retired from the bank in 1901 due to severe illnesses.

In memory of his former lecturer and friend Charles Eliot Norton, in 1907 Loeb created The Charles Eliot Norton Memorial Lectureship.[4] In 1911 he founded and endowed the Loeb Classical Library, and founded the Institute of Musical Art, which later became part of the Juilliard School of Music. That year he also turned over his collection of Aretine pottery to the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard.[5]

He donated a large amount of funds to what is now called the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, which helped his former psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin to establish and maintain the Institute in its early days.[6] Nevertheless, presumably unknown to Loeb, Kraepelin held racist views about Jews, and his student who took over the Institute, Ernst Rudin, was a leading advocate of racial hygiene and forced sterilization or killing of psychiatric inpatients for which he was personally honoured by Adolf Hitler.[7][8][9]

A large portion of his significant art collection he left to the Museum Antiker Kleinkunst in Munich (today the Staatliche Antikensammlungen) ("Sammlung James Loeb"). He was a member of the English Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies.[5]


  • Paul Delcharme, Euripides and the Spirit of His Dreams
  • Maurice Croiset, Aristophanes and the Political Parties at Athens


  1. ^ "James Loeb Ellis Island Passenger Manifest". Ellis Island Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  2. ^ Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary: "Loeb"
  3. ^ Born Betty Gallenberg. Salomon Loeb met and married her in Mannheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany in 1862. She was then 28 years old, educated as a musician, she also taught the piano. The James Loeb biography from the Loeb Classical Library calls her Betty (Goldman) Loeb.
  4. ^ The Charles Eliot Norton Memorial Lectureship, Archaeological Institute of America
  5. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Loeb, James". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  6. ^ James Loeb Harvard University Press
  7. ^ Brüne, Martin (1 January 2007). "On human self-domestication, psychiatry, and eugenics". Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. 2 (1): 21. PMC 2082022Freely accessible. PMID 17919321. doi:10.1186/1747-5341-2-21. 
  8. ^ Science and Inhumanity: The Kaiser-Wilhelm/Max Planck Society William E. Seidelman MD, 2001
  9. ^ Who's Who in Nazi Germany Robert S. Wistrich, Routledge, 4 Jul 2013

Further reading[edit]

  • James Loeb, 1887–1933: Kunstsammler und Mäzen, by Brigitte Salmen (ed.) for the Schloßmuseum des Marktes Murnau, Murnau, 2000. [This is a German-language exhibition-catalogue for a presentation of the life of James Loeb, collector and philanthropist at the Schloßmuseum Murnau, April 7 – July 9, 2000. The book contains essays from various authors (Brigitte Salmen, Dorothea McEwan, Erika Simon and others). It also contains a German translation of James Loeb's biographical essay Our Father: A Memorial [privately printed, 1929]; James Loeb: Unser Vater: Eine Denkschrift für Salomon Loeb, pp. 9–16.]

External links[edit]