James Lyon, 7th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

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James Lyon, 7th Earl of Strathmore (circa 1702 – 1735) was a Scottish peer and freemason.

He was the son of John Lyon, 4th Earl of Strathmore and Lady Elizabeth Stanhope. He was christened on 24 December 1702. He succeeded as Earl of Strathmore following the stabbing of Charles Lyon, 6th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in a drunken altercation in 1728.[1] On 6 March 1731 he married Mary Oliphant, daughter of Charles Oliphant (brother of William Oliphant, 11th Lord Oliphant. He died without issue on 4 January 1735 at Edinburgh, Scotland.

He was succeeded as earl by his younger brother, Thomas Lyon, 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, ancestor of Elizabeth Bowes – Lyon, the Queen Mother.


Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Lyon
Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Succeeded by
Thomas Lyon
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Anthony Browne, 7th Viscount Montagu
Grand Master of the Premier
Grand Lodge of England

Succeeded by
John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford


  1. ^ Matthew Forster Conolly, Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Men of Fife of Past and Present Times, 1866, p. 309
  • thePeerage.com Retrieved 16 August 2008
  • thePeerage.com Retrieved 28 May 2009
  • Charles Whitlock Moore, The Freemasons' Monthly Magazine, 1845, p. 265