James M. Broom

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James Madison Broom
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1805 – 1807
Preceded byCaesar A. Rodney
Succeeded byNicholas Van Dyke
Personal details
Newport, Delaware
DiedJanuary 15, 1850(1850-01-15) (aged 74)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyFederalist
ResidenceWilmington, Delaware
Alma materPrinceton College

James Madison Broom (1776 – January 15, 1850) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U. S. Representative from Delaware.

Early life and family[edit]

Broom was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the son of Delaware politician Jacob Broom and Rachel Pierce. James was born near Wilmington, Delaware. His first wife's name was Ann who died August 9, 1808 and he may have remarried Mary Lowber. By his first wife he has two children, Elizabeth and Jacob, a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania. James Broom graduated from Princeton College in 1794. He then studied law, was admitted to the Delaware Bar in 1801 and practiced law in New Castle, Wilmington, and Baltimore, Maryland.

Professional and political career[edit]

Broom was elected as a Federalist in the 9th and 10th Congresses, serving from March 4, 1805 until his resignation 1807, before the assembling of the 10th Congress. He moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1819 and resumed the practice of law. Later he was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1824.

Death and legacy[edit]

He died in Philadelphia on January 15, 1850 and was buried in St. Mary’s Churchyard in Hamilton Village, now a part of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


Elections were held the first Tuesday of October. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.

Public Offices
Office Type Location Party Began office Ended office notes
U.S. Representative Legislature Washington Federalist March 4, 1805 1807
United States Congressional service
Dates Congress Chamber Majority President Committees Class/District
1805–1807 9th U.S. House Republican Thomas Jefferson at-large
1807–1809 10th U.S. House Republican Thomas Jefferson at-large
Election results
Year Office Subject Party votes % Opponent Party votes % Notes
1804 U.S. Representative David Hall Republican 2,682 47% James M. Broom Federalist 3,010 53% [1][2]
1806 U.S. Representative Thomas Fitzgerald Republican 830 21% James M. Broom Federalist 2,353 61% [3]


  1. ^ This was a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James A. Bayard, Sr..
  2. ^ An additional candidate was Isaac H. Starr (24).
  3. ^ Additional candidates were Joseph Haslet (382), and Thomas Montgomery (323).


Places with more information[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Caesar A. Rodney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1805 – 1807
Succeeded by
Nicholas Van Dyke