James M. Cushing

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Distinguished Service Cross

Lt. Col. James M. Cushing (1908 - August 26, 1963) was a US Army mining engineer who commanded the Philippine resistance movement against Japan on Cebu Island in the Philippines during World War II.[1]:608[2] His forces in the Cebu Area Command numbered about 8,500.[2] In early 1944, he was instrumental in the Koga affair in which the Z Plan of the Imperial Japanese Navy was recovered by his guerrillas.[3] Cushing traded Japanese admiral Shigeru Fukudome and other survivors of a plane crash (but not the captured Z Plan) for the assurance that Japanese forces on Cebu would stop murdering civilians; a promise which the Japanese kept.[2] In 1945, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.[4] Cushing survived the war and continued living in the Philippines until his death in 1963.[5]


  1. ^ Smith, R.R., 2005, Triumph in the Philippines, Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, ISBN 1-4102-2495-3
  2. ^ a b c CHAPTER 4, Special Operations in the Pacific U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II, David W. Hogan, Jr., CMH Publication 70-42 (1992)
  3. ^ The "Z Plan" Story Japan's 1944 Naval Battle Strategy Drifts into U.S. Hands, Greg Bradsher, Prologue Magazine, Fall 2005, Vol. 37, No. 3
  4. ^ Military Times Hall of Valor accessed 2011-02-24.
  5. ^ Steven Trent Smith, The Rescue: A True Story of Courage and Survival in World War II (2001), p303.

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