James Mahmud Rice

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James Mahmud Rice
James Mahmud Rice January 2014.jpg
Born1972 (age 46–47)
AwardsStein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Social Science Research
Academic work
DisciplineSociologist
Institutions
Websitewww.jamesmahmudrice.info

James Mahmud Rice (born 1972) is an Australian sociologist in the Demography and Ageing Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne. He works at the intersection of sociology, economics, and political science, focusing in particular on inequalities in the distribution of economic resources such as income and time and how private and public conventions and institutions shape these inequalities. In 2009 he was awarded the Stein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Social Science Research.[1]

Early life[edit]

Rice was born in 1972 in Honolulu, Hawaii. His mother was a Minangkabau woman from Medan, North Sumatra. His father, who was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, was an economist who taught economics at the University of Hawaii and Monash University, in addition to conducting a large number of consultancies in Indonesia.[2][3]

Research[edit]

Appliances and their impact[edit]

Research by Michael Bittman, James Mahmud Rice, and Judy Wajcman[4] has shown that domestic appliances which are designed to make our lives easier do not reduce the overall time spent doing housework, and in some cases may even increase the time spent doing chores.[5]

"The authors ... believe that people use the devices simply to achieve ever-higher standards of cleanliness and refinement in their home, rather than to free up time for other pursuits," according to John Elliott in The Sunday Times.[5]

The results of this research received wide press coverage in Australia and the United Kingdom.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

Discretionary time[edit]

Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom[11] was published by Cambridge University Press in 2008 (with Robert E. Goodin, Antti Parpo, and Lina Eriksson). It is based on the authors' analysis of data from the United States, Australia, Germany, France, Sweden, and Finland.[12]

The authors propose that temporal autonomy can be used as an indicator of freedom, which is measured by how many hours people are free to do as they please.[13]

Another one of their statements is that the richer an individual is, the more he or she feels stressed. However, they argue, a richer individual's prosperity could be part of the problem. An example is that a banker who earns £200 per hour has a greater opportunity cost by choosing not to work, than a cleaner who earns only £10 per hour. As a result, the banker may feel compelled to work a greater number of hours than the cleaner does, despite making a greater total income.[14]

Australian National Transfer Accounts[edit]

At present, Rice is working on the development of a system of Australian National Transfer Accounts, based on methodologies developed by the global National Transfer Accounts project.[1] National Transfer Accounts (NTA) are systems of macroeconomic accounts that measure present economical flows distinguished by age, in a manner that is consistent with the United Nations System of National Accounts. NTA measure age-specific labour income, asset income, consumption, and any savings or transfers, accounting for flows within and between households and through the public sector, along with the rest of the world.[15]

Awards and honours[edit]

In 2009 Rice was awarded the Stein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Social Science Research, together with Robert E. Goodin, Antti Parpo, and Lina Eriksson. The prize was awarded for their book Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom.[16]

Selected bibliography[edit]

Books and reports[edit]

  • Goodin, Robert E.; Rice, James Mahmud; Parpo, Antti; Eriksson, Lina (2008). Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-70951-4.
  • Rice, James Mahmud; Temple, Jeromey; McDonald, Peter (2014). National Transfer Accounts for Australia: 2003-04 and 2009-10 Detailed Results (PDF). ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research and Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University.

Journal articles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "James Mahmud Rice: Home". James Mahmud Rice. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  2. ^ Wie, Thee Kian (2009). "Robert Charles Rice (1939–2009)". Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies. 45 (2): 251–254. doi:10.1080/00074910903040344.
  3. ^ Wills, Ian; Vicziany, Marika; Barton, Greg (14 April 2009). "Modest guru in economics". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  4. ^ Bittman, Michael; Rice, James Mahmud; Wajcman, Judy (2004). "Appliances and their impact: The ownership of domestic technology and time spent on household work". British Journal of Sociology. 55 (3): 401–423. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4446.2004.00026.x. PMID 15383094.
  5. ^ a b c Elliott, John (19 September 2004). "It's a hard life on the "labour saving" domestic front". Sunday Times.
  6. ^ Elliott, John (6 October 2004). "Time savers aren't doing their job". Australian.
  7. ^ Horin, Adele (18 October 2003). "Money can't buy bliss in the kitchen". Sydney Morning Herald.
  8. ^ "Leisure in the red with white goods". mX. 20 September 2004.
  9. ^ Morgan, Tom (20 September 2004). "The labour savers that are making slaves of us". Daily Express.
  10. ^ Safe, Mike (18 October 2003). "The lost weekend - dream travel". Weekend Australian Magazine.
  11. ^ Goodin, Robert E.; Rice, James Mahmud; Parpo, Antti; Eriksson, Lina (2008). Discretionary Time: A New Measure of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-70951-4.
  12. ^ "Discretionary Time". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  13. ^ Graeff, Peter (2012). "Measuring individual freedom: Actions and rights as indicators of individual liberty" (PDF). In McMahon, Fred (ed.). Towards a Worldwide Index of Human Freedom. Fraser Institute. pp. 113–135. ISBN 978-0-88975-259-7. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  14. ^ Cave, Stephen (23 May 2008). "Time in our hands". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  15. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2013). 'National Transfer Accounts Manual: Measuring and Analysing the Generational Economy (PDF). New York: United Nations. p. 199. ISBN 978-92-1-151503-9.
  16. ^ "Stein Rokkan Prize Winners". European Consortium for Political Research.

External links[edit]