James Mason (neo-Nazi)
James Nolan Mason|
July 25, 1952
Chillicothe, Ohio, United States
American Nazi Party (1966-70~)|
National Socialist Liberation Front (1970s)
Life and ideological career
Mason grew up in Chillicothe, Ohio. When he was 14 years old, he began communicating with George Lincoln Rockwell's American Nazi Party and became a youth member until his 18th birthday, when he was sworn into the renamed National Socialist White People's Party. In the 1970s, he was involved with the National Socialist Liberation Front. He later formed the Universal Order.
Mason edited, wrote, and published a newsletter titled Siege throughout the early to mid-1980s. Its contents were edited and published by Michael Moynihan in book form as Siege: The Collected Writings of James Mason. Mason advocated leaderless resistance, calling for autonomous action by individuals rather than an authoritarian hierarchical organization.
In the early 1980s, following the advice of Charles Manson – the leader of the mass-murder cult "The Family" – Mason founded the neo-Nazi "operation front" Universal Order, which grew out of the National Socialist Liberation Front. Not only did Manson suggest the name, but he also designed the logo used by the group, a swastika superimposed over the scales of justice.
As its leaders, Universal Order recognized a lineage of Adolf Hitler, George Lincoln Rockwell, Joseph Tommasi, and Charles Manson. It later focused on presenting a neo-Nazi perspective on the paranormal. Mason had previously been affiliated with the Church of Satan, a satanist organization founded by Anton LaVey.
The ideology of the paramilitary neo-Nazi terrorist organization Atomwaffen Division is based on that of Mason.
- Papers of James N. Mason University of Kansas Libraries website
- Kaplan, Jeffrey (June 14, 2000). Encyclopedia of White Power: A Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right. Latham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780759119673.
- Schreck, Nikolas ed. (1988) The Manson File, Amok Press. pp.139-147 ISBN 0-941693-04-X)
- Goodrick-Clark, Nicholas (2001) Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity ISBN 0-8147-3155-4)
- Kaplan, Jeffery (July 1, 2001) "The post-war paths of occult national socialism: from Rockwell and Madole to Manson" in Patterns of Prejudice New York: Routledge. v.35, n.33, pp. 41–67. ISSN 0031-322X.