James Michael Harvey

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His Eminence
James Michael Harvey
Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
James Cardinal Harvey.JPG
See Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
Appointed November 23, 2012
Predecessor Francesco Monterisi
Other posts Cardinal-Deacon of San Pio V a Villa Carpegna
Ordination June 29, 1975
by Pope Paul VI
Consecration March 19, 1998
by Pope John Paul II
Created cardinal November 24, 2012
by Pope Benedict XVI
Rank Cardinal-Deacon
Personal details
Born (1949-10-20) October 20, 1949 (age 68)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Nationality American
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
Alma mater
Motto Zelus domus tuæ
("Zeal for the Lord’s house")
Coat of arms James Michael Harvey's coat of arms
Styles of
James Michael Harvey
Coat of arms of James Michael Harvey.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Memphis (titular)

James Michael Harvey (born October 20, 1949) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. Trained as a diplomat, he served from 1982 to 1998 in the central administration of the Holy See's Secretariat of State. From 1998 to 2012 he managed the pope's household, first for Pope John Paul II and then for Pope Benedict XVI. He was named a bishop in 1998, an archbishop in 2003, and a cardinal in 2012.


Harvey was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on October 20, 1949. He was ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood for the Archdiocese of Milwaukee on June 29, 1975, by Pope Paul VI in Rome.[1]

Harvey studied at St. Francis Seminary, and was then sent to Rome where he resided at the Pontifical North American College while studying for a doctorate in canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He also studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in Rome.

Harvey entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See on March 25, 1980. He served as attaché and then secretary in the apostolic nunciature in the Dominican Republic for two years. On July 10, 1982, he took up a position in the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State. He was named Assessor for General Affairs of that Secretariat on July 22, 1997.[2]

On February 7, 1998, he was named Prefect of the Papal Household by Pope John Paul II, who consecrated him a bishop of the titular see of Memphis on March 19, 1998. As Prefect he oversaw the restoration of the papal audience hall and the papal apartments at Castel Gandolfo.[1] Pope John Paul II elevated him to archbishop on September 29, 2003.[3] Late in 2012, a member of the staff he supervised was convicted of stealing documents and leaking them to the media.[4]

He continued as Prefect of the Papal Household until Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Archpriest of St Paul Outside the Walls, one of the four major basilicas in Rome, on November 23, 2012, and the next day made him Cardinal-Deacon of San Pio V a Villa Carpegna.[2] On December 22, 2012, Harvey was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints for a five-year renewable term. On January 31, 2013, Harvey was appointed a Member of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See and the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.[5]

He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.[6]

Harvey was awarded the title Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by the President of the Republic in 1999.[7] He has also been titled Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.[1]

Besides his native English, he speaks Italian, German, French, and Spanish.


  1. ^ a b c "Cardenal James Michael Harvey: de Milwaukee a organizar la Casa Pontificia". Teinteresa (in Spanish). 20 February 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Harvey Card. James Michael". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Pope Honors 3 Aides With Title of Archbishop". Zenit. 29 September 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  4. ^ Pullella, Philip (24 October 2012). "Pope names six cardinals to put stamp on Church future". Reuters. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 31.01.2013" (Press release) (in Italian). Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  7. ^ "HARVEY S.E. Mons. James M." Presidenza della Repubblica (in Italian). January 19, 1999. Retrieved July 8, 2018.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Leonardo Sandri
Assessor for General Affairs
July 22, 1997 – February 7, 1998
Succeeded by
Pedro Lopez Quintana
Preceded by
Dino Monduzzi
Prefect of the Prefecture of the Papal Household
February 7, 1998 – November 23, 2012
Succeeded by
Georg Gänswein
Preceded by
Francesco Monterisi
Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
November 23, 2012 – present