James Miller McKim
|Born||November 10, 1810|
|Died||June 13, 1874 (aged 63)|
West Orange, New Jersey
Sarah Allibone Speakman
|Children||Charles Follen McKim|
Lucy McKim Garrison
In 1835, he was ordained as pastor of a Presbyterian church in Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania. A few years before, the perusal of a copy of Garrison's Thoughts on African Colonization had inspired him to become an abolitionist. He was a member of the convention that formed the American Anti-slavery Society; in October 1836, he left the pulpit to lecture on behalf of the cause of emancipation. He delivered addresses throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
In 1840, he moved to Philadelphia to work for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society as lecturer, organizer, and corresponding secretary. That same year, he married Sarah Allibone Speakman. At times, he also served as the editor of the Pennsylvania Freeman.
In 1849, he was on the receiving end of an unusual and historic shipment, when Henry "Box" Brown, an innovative and determined man who had escaped enslavement in Richmond, Virginia, arrived in Philadelphia in a small shipping box. McKim was depicted in The Resurrection of Henry Box Brown at Philadelphia, a lithograph by artist Samuel W. Rowse, which was widely published to help raise funds for the Underground Railroad. Brown wrote his autobiography in 1851.
McKim's labors frequently brought him in contact with the operations of the Underground Railroad, and he was often connected with the slavery-related cases that came before the courts, especially after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
In 1859, Reverend McKim and his wife Sarah escorted Mary Brown, the wife of abolitionist John Brown, to Virginia, after his failed raid on Harpers Ferry. The McKims were accompanied in this effort by Hector Tyndale, another Philadelphia abolitionist. After visiting her husband in jail in Charlestown, Virginia [today Charles Town, West Virginia], Mary Brown, along with the McKims and Tyndale, stayed in Harpers Ferry until after the John Brown's execution on December 2, 1859. The McKims prayed and held hands with Mary Brown until the hour of execution passed. Afterward, they assisted her in claiming Brown's body and escorted her to Philadelphia; McKim continued with her to his burial place, the John Brown Farm in remote North Elba, New York, near present-day Lake Placid.
In the winter of 1862, immediately after the capture of Port Royal, South Carolina, he was instrumental in calling a public meeting of the citizens of Philadelphia to consider and provide for the wants of the 10,000 slaves that had been suddenly liberated. One of the results of this meeting was the organization of the Philadelphia Port Royal Relief Committee. He afterward became an earnest advocate of the enlistment of colored troops, and as a member of the Union League aided in the establishment of Camp William Penn, and the recruiting of eleven regiments. In November 1863, the Port Royal Relief Committee was enlarged into the Pennsylvania Freedman's Relief Association, and McKim was made its corresponding secretary.
As the Civil War dragged on, and, after President Lincoln announced the emancipation of enslaved people in the South in 1863, McKim joined the Freedmen's Aid Commission and provided valuable services to that body.
He travelled extensively, and labored diligently to establish schools in the South. In 1865, he joined the American Freedman's Union Commission and used every effort to promote general and impartial education in the South. In July 1869, the commission, having accomplished all that seemed possible at the time, decided unanimously, on McKim's motion, to disband.
His health having meantime become greatly impaired, he soon afterward retired from public life. In 1865 he assisted in founding The Nation of New York. McKim saw the publication as a way of continuing the work of the abolitionist movement.
- Brown, John Howard, ed. (1903). Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States. Vol. 5. James H. Lamb Company. p. 271. Retrieved July 30, 2020 – via Google Books.
- "According to Nation historian Richard Clark Sterne, it was James Miller McKim...who was particularly attuned to the need for a publication that sustained the abolitionist spirit after the Civil War." Paula Giddings, "Introduction" to Burning All Lllusions: writings from the nation on race, 1866-2002. New York, Thunder's Mouth Press and Nation Books, 2002. ISBN 1560253843 (p.3)
- "Rev. James M. M'Kim". The New York Times. June 15, 1874. p. 4. Retrieved May 13, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Obituary". Chicago Tribune. June 14, 1874. p. 16. Retrieved July 30, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.