James Mollison AO (born 20 March 1931) was acting director of the National Gallery of Australia (NGA) from 1971 to 1977 and director from 1977 to 1990. He was director of the National Gallery of Victoria from 1989 to 1995.
He was born in Wonthaggi, Victoria and graduated from Secondary Teachers College (now part of the Faculty of Education of the University of Melbourne). He was education officer at the National Gallery of Victoria in 1960 and 1961 and director of Gallery A, Toorak, in 1964 and 1965. He was director of the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery in 1967 and 1968.
National Gallery of Australia
From 1969 to 1971, Mollison was the executive officer for the Commonwealth Art Advisory Board (CAAB) and exhibitions officer in the Commonwealth Prime Minister's Department. His original responsibilities were to advise on the Government's acquisition of art (only the acquisition of Australian art was authorised), to catalog the national collection and to arrange exhibitions of Australian art overseas.
Nevertheless, the Gorton Government's failure to appoint a director of the NGA required that Mollison become involved in the development of the design for the building. In November 1970, the CAAB decided that he would be redesignated as assistant director (development).
The new prime minister, William McMahon, announced the appointment of Mollison as acting director of the NGA in October 1971.
In 1976 the newly established ANG Council advertised for a permanent director to fill the position that Mollison had been acting in since 1971. The new prime minister, Malcolm Fraser, announced the appointment of Mollison as director in 1977.
He is notable for establishing the Gallery and building on the collection that had already been assembled of mainly Australian paintings by purchasing icons of modern western art, most famously the 1974 purchases of Blue Poles by Jackson Pollock ($1.3m), and Woman V by Willem de Kooning ($650,000). These purchases were very controversial at the time, but are now generally considered to be reasonable acquisitions. In retrospect Mollison's reputation was redeemed over time, citing the attention of the purchase as being good for the gallery.
He also built up the other collections, often with the help of donations. In 1975 Arthur Boyd presented several thousand of his works to the Gallery. in 1977 Mollison persuaded Sunday Reed to donate Sidney Nolan's remarkable Ned Kelly series to the ANG. In 1981, Albert Tucker and his wife presented a substantial collection of Tucker's collection to the Gallery. As a result, the ANG now has one of the finest collections of Australian art.
His successor, Dr Betty Churcher, has said that when she took over in 1990 he "was of almost legendary stature [and] had single-handedly built a great and comprehensive collection from the ground up; indeed he had presided over the collection for more than twenty years with great flair, and over the institution for seven years—it was in the truest sense, his Gallery, his professional achievement."
- Who's Who in Australia. 2004.
- Pauline Green (ed), ed. (2003). Building the Collection. National Gallery of Australia. ISBN 0-642-54202-3.
- "PM Transcript: Ministerial Statement - Australian National Gallery: Director and Secretary/Manager". PM Transcript. 23 February 1977.
- Wright, Alison (7 October 2002). "National Gallery celebrates 20 years". The 7.30 Report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
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