James Moody (saxophonist)
|Born||March 26, 1925|
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||December 9, 2010 (aged 85)|
San Diego, California, U.S.
Moody had an unexpected hit with "Moody's Mood for Love," a 1952 song written by Eddie Jefferson that used as its melody an improvised solo that Moody had played on a 1949 recording of "I'm in the Mood for Love." Moody adopted the song as his own, recording it with Jefferson on his 1956 album Moody's Mood for Love and performing the song regularly in concert, often singing the vocals himself.
James Moody was born in Savannah, Georgia, United States, and was raised by his (single) mother, Ruby Hann Moody Watters. He had a brother, Louis. Growing up in Newark, New Jersey, he was attracted to the saxophone after hearing "Buddy" George Holmes Tate, Don Byas, and various saxophonists who played with Count Basie. He later also took up the flute.
Moody joined the US Army Air Corps in 1943 and played in the "negro band" at the segregated Greensboro Training Center. Following his discharge from the military in 1946, he played bebop with Dizzy Gillespie for two years. Moody later played with Gillespie in 1964, where his colleagues in the Gillespie group, pianist Kenny Barron and guitarist Les Spann, would be musical collaborators in the coming decades.
In 1948, he recorded for Blue Note, his first session in a long recording career playing both saxophone and flute. That same year he relocated to Europe, where he stayed for three years, saying he had been "scarred by racism" in the U.S. His European work, including the first recording of "Moody's Mood for Love", which became a hit in 1952, saw him add the alto saxophone to his repertoire and helped to establish him as recording artist in his own right, and formed part of the growth of European jazz. Then in 1952, he returned to the U.S. to a recording career with Prestige Records and others, playing flute and saxophone in bands that included musicians such as Pee Wee Moore and others.
Moody and his Orchestra performed for the eleventh famed Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles which was produced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. on July 24, 1955. Also featured Big Jay McNeely, Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra, The Medallions and The Penguins.
The James Moody Quartet (with pianist Renee Rosnes, bassist Todd Coolman, and drummer Adam Nussbaum) was Moody's vehicle later in his career. Moody played regularly with Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars and the Dizzy Gillespie All-Star Big Band and also often collaborated with former Gillespie alumnus, the trumpeter-composer-conductor Jon Faddis; Faddis and Moody worked in 2007 with the WDR Big Band in Cologne, Germany under the direction of Michael Abene. And along with Faddis, toured in 1986 with the Philip Morris Superband hosting artists like Hammond organist Jimmy Smith, Kenny Burrell, Grady Tate and Barbara Morrison. Included in this line-up were Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Jimmy Heath, Kenny Washington, Slide Hampton and Monty Alexander on a four-country, 14-city one-month tour of 18 concerts, notably in Australia, Canada, Japan and the Philippines, starting on September 3, 1986, with its first concert in Perth, Australia. The Philip Morris Superband concept started a year previous in 1985.
Awards and honors
Moody was married three times; the first two ended in divorce. His third marriage was to the former Linda Petersen McGowan, whom he married in 1989. He had a daughter, Michelle Moody Bagdanove, and through Linda, three step-sons, Regan, Danny and Patrick McGowan. Moody and his wife resided in San Diego.
He was an active member of the Baháʼí Faith. In 2005, the Moodys established the Moody Scholarship Fund at the Conservatory of Music at Purchase College-State University of New York (SUNY Purchase). Moody was awarded an NEA Jazz Masters Fellowship in 1998 and often participated in educational programming and outreach, including with the International Association for Jazz Education, or IAJE.
Moody was fluent in Italian.
On November 2, 2010, Moody's wife announced on his behalf that he had pancreatic cancer, and had chosen not to have it treated aggressively. After palliative care, Moody died in San Diego, on December 9, 2010, from complications resulting from the cancer.
- 1949: James Moody's Greatest Hits! with The Swedish All Stars (Prestige )
- 1951: More of James Moody's Greatest Hits with The Swedish All Stars (Prestige )
- 1952: James Moody and his Modernists (Blue Note)
- 1952: James Moody with Strings (Blue Note) – Conducted by André Hodeir (originally Moody's Mood, Vogue (France))
- 1954: Moody (Prestige)
- 1954–55: James Moody's Moods (Prestige)
- 1955: Hi Fi Party (Prestige)
- 1955: Wail, Moody, Wail (Prestige)
- 1956: Flute 'n the Blues (Argo)
- 1956: Moody's Mood for Love (Argo)
- 1958: Last Train from Overbrook (Argo)
- 1959: James Moody (Argo)
- 1960: Hey! It's James Moody (Argo)
- 1960–61: Moody with Strings (Argo)
- 1961: Cookin' the Blues (Argo)
- 1962: Another Bag (Argo)
- 1963: Great Day (Argo)
- 1963: Comin' On Strong (Argo)
- 1964: Running the Gamut (Scepter)
- 1966: Moody and the Brass Figures (Milestone)
- 1968–69: The Blues and Other Colors (Milestone)
- 1969: Don't Look Away Now! (Prestige)
- 1970: Teachers (Perception)
- 1971: Heritage Hum (Perception)
- 1971: Chicago Concert (Prestige) with Gene Ammons
- 1972: Never Again! (Muse)
- 1973: Feelin' It Together (Muse)
- 1973: Sax and Flute Man (Paula)
- 1976: Timeless Aura (Vanguard)
- 1976: Sun Journey (Vanguard)
- 1977: Beyond this World (Vanguard)
- 1986: Something Special (Novus)
- 1989: Sweet and Lovely (Novus)
- 1991: Moving Forward (Novus)
- 1991: Honey (Novus)
- 1995: Moody's Party: Live at the Blue Note (Telarc)
- 1996: Young at Heart (Warner Bros.)
- 1997: Moody Plays Mancini (Warner Bros.)
- 1997: Warner Jams, Vol. 2: The Two Tenors with Mark Turner, Larry Goldings (Warner Bros.)
- 1998: At the Jazz Workshop GRP AllMusic
- 2003: Homage (Savoy)
- 2005: The World Is a Ghetto (Fuel 2000)
- 2008: Our Delight with Hank Jones (IPO)
- 2009: Moody 4A (IPO)
- 2010: Moody 4B (IPO)
With Art Farmer
- New York Jazz Sextet: Group Therapy (Scepter, 1966)
With Gil Fuller
- Night Flight (Pacific Jazz, 1965) - all titles released on CD reissue of Gil Fuller & the Monterey Jazz Festival Orchestra featuring Dizzy Gillespie
With Dizzy Gillespie
- The Complete RCA Victor Recordings (Bluebird, 1937-1949 )
- Big Band in Concert (GNP Crescendo, 1948)
- The New Continent (Limelight, 1962)
- Something Old, Something New (Philips, 1963)
- Dizzy Gillespie and the Double Six of Paris (Philips, 1964)
- Dizzy Goes Hollywood (Philips, 1964)
- The Cool World (Philips, 1964)
- Jambo Caribe (Limelight, 1964)
- I/We Had a Ball (Limelight, 1965) - 1 track
- The Melody Lingers On (Limelight, 1966)
- Swing Low, Sweet Cadillac (Impulse!, 1967)
- The Dizzy Gillespie Reunion Big Band (MPS, 1968)
- The Real Thing (Perception, 1969)
- Musician, Composer, Raconteur (Pablo, 1981)
- Live at the Royal Festival Hall (Enja, 1989)
With The Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars
- Dizzy's World directed by Jon Faddis (Shanachie, 1999)
- Things to Come (Telarc, 2001)
With The Dizzy Gillespie All-Star Big Band
- Dizzy's Business (MCG Jazz, 2006)
- I'm Be Boppin' Too (Half Note, 2009)
With Dexter Gordon
With Milt Jackson
- Big Bags (Riverside, 1962)
- Milt Jackson at the Museum of Modern Art (Limelight, 1965)
- Milt Jackson and the Hip String Quartet (Verve, 1968)
With Elvin Jones
With Quincy Jones
With Charles Mingus
- Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert (Columbia, 1972)
With Max Roach
- New Sounds: Max Roach Quintet/Art Blakey's Band (Blue Note, 1952)
With Lalo Schifrin
- Once a Thief and Other Themes (Verve, 1965)
With Bobby Timmons
- Got to Get It! (Milestone, 1967)
With Cedar Walton
- Soul Cycle (Prestige, 1969)
With Tubby Hayes
- Return Visit! (Fontana, 1962) Credited as "Jimmy Gloomy"
With Roberta Gambarini
- Easy To Love (Groovin' High/Kindred Rhythm, 2006) Moody plays tenor sax and sings with Roberta on "Lover Man" and "Centerpiece".
- So In Love (Groovin' High/EmArcy/UMe, 2009)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 1739/40. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- George Varga, Obituary Sign on San Diego (December 9, 2010). Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- John Fordham, "James Moody obituary", The Guardian, December 10, 2010.
- Peter Keepnews, "James Moody, Jazz Saxophonist, Dies at 85", The New York Times (December 10, 2010). Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- "The State of Jazz: Meet 40 More Jersey Greats", The Star-Ledger, September 28, 2003, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2008. Accessed September 15, 2017. "James Moody -- Moody, the remarkable San Diego, Calif.-based saxophonist, flutist and vocalist, was raised in Newark, and did a good deal of early playing there."
- James Moody Biography, '[musicianguide.com. Retrieved April 17, 2022.
- Moody's Mood for Bop by Patrick Ambrose The Morning News
- Allmusic biography
- “11th Cavalcade of Jazz – Wrigley Field July 24” Article Los Angeles Sentinel June 30, 1955.
- Bob Bernotas, Interview with James Moody Archived 2007-01-07 at the Wayback Machine MelMartin.com (1999) Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- James Moody - National Endowment for the Arts
- "TD Moody Democracy of Jazz Festival". NJPAC. Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
- Tammy La Gorce, "A Week of Jazz and Remembrance", The New York Times, October 5, 2012.
- "The James Moody Scholarship at Purchase College" Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Purchase College-State University of New York. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- Biography of Moody jamesmoody.com, official website
- Biography of Moody University of Pittsburgh-Jazz at Pitt
- Jazz Conversations with Eric Jackson: James Moody from WGBH Radio Boston
- James Moody's oral history video excerpts at The National Visionary Leadership Project
- NAMM Oral History Interview with James Moody April 8, 2002