James Moody (saxophonist)
James Moody performing with Todd Coolman during a jazz festival.
March 26, 1925|
Savannah, Georgia, United States
|Died||December 9, 2010
San Diego, California, United States
|Genres||Jazz, bebop, hard bop|
|Occupation(s)||Saxophonist, flutist, composer|
|Instruments||Tenor saxophone, alto saxophone, flute|
|Associated acts||Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Barron, Jon Faddis, Eddie Jefferson, Johnny Coles, Todd Coolman, Rufus Reid, Gil Fuller, Milt Jackson|
James Moody (March 26, 1925 – December 9, 2010) was an American jazz saxophone and flute player. He was best known for his hit "Moody's Mood for Love," an improvisation based on "I'm in the Mood for Love"; in performance, he often sang Eddie Jefferson's vocalese lyrics for the tune, which Jefferson had fitted to Moody's famous solo.
James Moody was born in Savannah, Georgia, and was raised by his (single) mother, Ruby Hann Moody Watters. Growing up in New Jersey, he was attracted to the saxophone after hearing George Holmes Tate, Don Byas, and various saxophonists who played with Count Basie, and later also took up the flute. He joined the US Army Air Corps in 1943 and played in the "negro band" on the segregated base. Following his discharge from the military in 1946 he played bebop with Dizzy Gillespie for two years. Moody later played with Gillespie in 1964, where his colleagues in the Gillespie group, pianist Kenny Barron and guitarist Les Spann, would be musical collaborators in the coming decades.
In 1948 he recorded his first session for Blue Note Records, the first in a long recording career playing both saxophone and flute. That same year he relocated to Europe, where he stayed for three years, saying he had been "scarred by racism" in the U.S. His European work, including the first recording of "Moody's Mood for Love", which became a hit in 1952, saw him add the alto saxophone to his repertoire and helped to establish him as recording artist in his own right, and formed part of the growth of European jazz. Then in 1952, he returned to the U.S. to a recording career with Prestige Records and others, playing flute and saxophone in bands that included musicians such as Pee Wee Moore and others. In the 1960s, he rejoined Dizzy Gillespie. He later worked also with Mike Longo.
The James Moody Quartet (with pianist Renee Rosnes, bassist Todd Coolman, and drummer Adam Nussbaum) was Moody's vehicle later in his career. Moody played regularly with Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars and the Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars Big Band and also often collaborated with former Gillespie alumnus, the trumpeter-composer-conductor Jon Faddis; Faddis and Moody worked in 2007 with the WDR Big Band in Cologne, Germany under the direction of Michael Abene. And along with Faddis, toured in 1986 with the Philip Morris Superband hosting artists like Hammond organist Jimmy Smith, Kenny Burrell, Grady Tate and Barbara Morrison. Included in this line-up were Niels-Henning Orsted Pedersen, Jimmy Heath, Kenny Washington, Slide Hampton and Monty Alexander on a four country, fourteen city one month tour of eighteen concerts notably Australia, Canada, Japan and the Philippines, starting on September 3, 1986 with its first concert in Perth, Australia. The Philip Morris Superband concept started a year previous in 1985.
On November 3, 2009, Moody appeared live in an interview conducted in both Italian and English (Moody spoke Italian) with the jazz aficionado, Nick "The Nightfly", on Radio Monte Carlo's late-night "Monte Carlo Nights" program. The chat featured an amiable Moody talking about his career.
Moody was married to Linda Moody; they resided in San Diego. He was an active member of the Bahá'í Faith. In 2005, the Moodys established the Moody Scholarship Fund at the Conservatory of Music at Purchase College-State University of New York (SUNY Purchase); the first Moody Scholars, named in 2007, are saxophonist Andrew Gould and trumpeter Maxilmilien Darche. Moody was an NEA Jazz Master and often participated in educational programming and outreach, including with the International Association for Jazz Education, or IAJE.
On November 2, 2010, Moody's wife announced on his behalf that he had pancreatic cancer, and had chosen not to have it treated aggressively. Moody died in San Diego, on December 9, 2010, of complications from pancreatic cancer.
He was divorced twice, and is survived by his wife of 21 years, the former Linda Petersen McGowan; three sons, Regan, Danny and Patrick McGowan; a daughter, Michelle Moody Bagdanove; a brother, Louis Watters; four grandchildren; and one great-grandson.
Two months after his death, Moody won the Grammy Award posthumously for Best Jazz Instrumental Album for his album Moody 4B. Named in his honor, the New Jersey Performing Arts Center hosts the James Moody Democracy of Jazz Festival.
- 1949: James Moody's Greatest Hits
- 1951: More of James Moody's Greatest Hits
- 1952: James Moody and his Modernists
- 1954: Moody (Prestige)
- 1954-55: James Moody's Moods (Prestige)
- 1955: Hi Fi Party (Prestige)
- 1955: Wail, Moody, Wail (Prestige)
- 1956: Flute 'n the Blues (Argo)
- 1956: Moody's Mood for Love (Argo)
- 1958: Last Train from Overbrook (Argo)
- 1959: James Moody (Argo)
- 1960: Hey! It's James Moody (Argo)
- 1960-61: Moody with Strings (Argo)
- 1961: Cookin' the Blues (Argo)
- 1962: Another Bag (Argo)
- 1963: Great Day (Argo)
- 1963: Comin' On Strong (Argo)
- 1964: Running the Gamut (Scepter)
- 1966: Moody and the Brass Figures (Milestone)
- 1968-69: The Blues and Other Colours (Milestone)
- 1969: Don't Look Away Now! (Prestige)
- 1970: Teachers (Perception)
- 1971: Heritage Hum (Perception)
- 1971: Chicago Concert (Prestige) - with Gene Ammons
- 1972: Never Again! (Muse)
- 1973: Feelin' It Together (Muse)
- 1973: Sax and Flute Man (Paula)
- 1976: Timeless Aura (Vanguard)
- 1976: Sun Journey (Vanguard)
- 1977: Beyond this World (Vanguard)
- 1986: Something Special (Novus)
- 1988: Sweet and Lovely (Novus)
- 1991: Moving Forward (Novus)
- 1995: Moody's Party: Live at the Blue Note (Telarc Jazz; celebrating his 70th birthday)
- 1997: Moody Plays Mancini (Warner Bros.)
- 1999: James Moody And The Swedish All-Stars (Concord)
- 2003: Homage (Savoy)
- 2005: The World is a Ghetto (Fuel 2000 Records)
- 2009: Moody 4A (IPO)
- 2010: Moody 4B (IPO)
With Art Farmer
- New York Jazz Sextet: Group Therapy (Scepter, 1966)
With Gil Fuller
- Night Flight (Pacific Jazz, 1965) - all titles released on CD reissue of Gil Fuller & the Monterey Jazz Festival Orchestra featuring Dizzy Gillespie
With Dizzy Gillespie
- The Complete RCA Victor Recordings (Bluebird, 1937-1949 )
- The New Continent (Limelight, 1962)
- Something Old, Something New (album) (Philips, 1963)
- Dizzy Goes Hollywood (Philips, 1964)
- The Cool World (Philips, 1964)
- Jambo Caribe (Limelight, 1964)
- The Melody Lingers On (Limelight, 1966)
- Swing Low, Sweet Cadillac (Impulse!, 1967)
- The Dizzy Gillespie Reunion Big Band (MPS, 1968)
- The Real Thing (Perception, 1969)
- Musician, Composer, Raconteur (Pablo, 1981)
- Live at the Royal Festival Hall (Enja, 1989)
With The Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars
- Dizzy's World directed by Jon Faddis (1999)
- Things to Come (2001)
With Dexter Gordon
With Milt Jackson
- Big Bags (Riverside, 1962)
- Milt Jackson at the Museum of Modern Art (Limelight, 1965)
- Milt Jackson and the Hip String Quartet (Verve, 1968)
With Elvin Jones
With Charles Mingus
- Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert (Columbia, 1972)
With Lalo Schifrin
- Once a Thief and Other Themes (Verve, 1965)
With Bobby Timmons
- Got to Get It! (Milestone, 1967)
With Cedar Walton
- Soul Cycle (Prestige, 1969)
With Tubby Hayes
- Return Visit! (Fontana Records, 1962) Credited as Jimmy Gloomy
With Roberta Gambarini
- Easy To Love (Groovin' High/Kindred Rhythm, 2006) Moody plays tenor sax and sings with Roberta on "Lover Man" and "Centerpiece,"
- John Fordham, "James Moody obituary", The Guardian, December 10, 2010.
- Moody’s Mood for Bop by Patrick Ambrose The Morning News
- George Varga, Obituary Sign on San Diego (December 9, 2010). Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- Allmusic biography
- Bob Bernotas, Interview with James Moody MelMartin.com (1999) Retrieved, March 26, 2011.
- "The James Moody Scholarship at Purchase College", Purchase College-State University of New York. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- Peter Keepnews, "James Moody, Jazz Saxophonist, Dies at 85", The New York Times (December 10, 2010). Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- "TD Moody Democracy of Jazz Festival". NJPAC. Retrieved 2012-10-08.
- Tammy La Gorce, "A Week of Jazz and Remembrance", The New York Times, October 5, 2012.
- Biography of Moody jamesmoody.com, official website
- Biography of Moody University of Pittsburgh-Jazz at Pitt
- Jazz Conversations with Eric Jackson: James Moody from WGBH Radio Boston
- James Moody's oral history video excerpts at The National Visionary Leadership Project