James Myles Hogge

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James Hogge

James Myles Hogge (19 April 1873 – 27 October 1928) was a British social researcher and Liberal politician.

Hogge was educated at the Edinburgh Normal School, Moray House School of Education, and Edinburgh University, where he was president of the Liberal Association. Hogge at first wanted to be teacher. He began as pupil teacher in Edinburgh and was a 1st class King's Scholar at Moray House Training College, Edinburgh but he then qualified as a preacher in the United Free Church of Scotland. However, after engaging in work in the Edinburgh slums, he changed career again to concentrate on social work and research; first in Edinburgh, then in York with Joseph Rowntree and his son Seebohm. On 4 February 1905, Hogge married Florence Rebecca Metcalfe, a widow from Malton in Yorkshire. They had one son and two daughters.

Political career[edit]

Hogge was elected to the York City Council as a Progressive in the Castlegate ward from 1907–1913. He was president of the York City and County Liberal Club and secretary of the Thirsk and Malton Liberal Association. In December 1910, Hogge stood as Liberal candidate in the Camlachie division of Glasgow, losing narrowly to a Liberal Unionist;

General Election Dec 1910: Glasgow Camlachie [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Halford John Mackinder 3,479 40.9
Liberal James Myles Hogge 3,453 40.6
Labour James O'Connor Kessack 1,539 18.1
Suffragist William Julius Mirrlees 35 0.4 n/a
Majority 26
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

The intervention of the women's suffrage candidate, had the effect of ensuring the election of Mackinder, who opposed women's suffrage at the expense of Hogge, who supported it. He was elected to Parliament at a by-election in February 1912 at Edinburgh East.

Edinburgh East by-election, 1912 Electorate
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Myles Hogge 5,064 55.0 -8.0
Conservative John Gordon Jameson 4,139 45.0 +8.0
Majority 10.0 -16.0
Turnout 9,203
Liberal hold Swing -8.0

An opponent of the Lloyd George coalition, he was not given the 'coupon' at the general election of 1918 but increased his majority as an independent Liberal.

General Election 14 December 1918: Edinburgh East Electorate 25,895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Myles Hogge 8,460 62.2 +7.2
National Democratic
  • Capt. Alexander E Balfour
5,136 37.8 n/a
Majority 3,324 24.4 +14.4
Turnout 13,596 52.5
Liberal hold Swing n/a

From 1919–1920 he was President of the National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers. He had misgivings about H. H. Asquith's leadership, however, and fell out of favour with the 'Wee Free' party establishment.

General Election 1922 Electorate 26,724
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Myles Hogge 10,551 59.8 -2.4
National Liberal Sam McDonald 7,088 40.2 +2.4
Majority 3,463 19.6 -4.8
Turnout 17,639 66.0 +13.5
Liberal hold Swing -2.4
General Election 1923 Electorate 27,219
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Myles Hogge 10,876 68.3 +8.5
Unionist C.J.M. Mancor 5,045 31.7 n/a
Majority 5,831 36.6 17.0
Turnout 15,921 58.5 -7.5
Liberal hold Swing n/a

He held his Edinburgh seat until the general election of 1924.

General Election 1924 Electorate 27,219
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Drummond Shiels 8,460 41.9 n/a
Unionist Charles Black Milne 6,105 30.2 -1.5
Liberal James Myles Hogge 5,625 27.9 -40.4
Majority 2,355 11.7 n/a
Turnout 20,190 74.2 +15.7
Labour gain from Liberal Swing n/a

Hogge died at his home in Hammersmith on 27 October 1928.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1916
  • James Myles Hogge in Who was Who, OUP, 2007
  • James Myles Hogge by Gordon F Millar in Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford 2004–08
  • The life and career of Liberal MP James Myles Hogge 1873–1928 by Ian Elder: Journal of Liberal History, Issue 30, Spring 2001

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir James Gibson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh East
19121924
Succeeded by
Thomas Drummond Shiels
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Gulland
Liberal Chief Whip
1919–1923
With: George Thorne
Succeeded by
Vivian Phillipps