James Newton Gloucester

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The Reverend James Newton Gloucester was an African-American clergyman and businessman who was a supporter of abolitionist John Brown.[1][2] Gloucester lived at 265 Bridge Street, Brooklyn, New York.

Like his father, Gloucester was a Black Presbyterian pastor. In 1849 he founded Siloam Presbyterian Church. He and his church members were very active in the Underground Railroad.

Gloucester was also a friend and associate of John Brown. Two letters he wrote to Brown are still extant.[3]


  1. ^ Quarles, Benjamin (2001) [1974]. Allies for Freedom. De Capo Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780306809613. 
  2. ^ Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth; Genovese, Eugene. The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders' Worldview. Cambridge University Press. p. 639. ISBN 9781139446563. 
  3. ^ James N. Gloucester to John Brown, February 19, 1858 and J. N. Gloucester to John Brown, March 9, 1858. C. Peter Ripley, ed., The Black Abolitionist Papers, volume 4 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), 377-379