James Pond (Medal of Honor)
|James B. Pond|
June 11, 1838|
Cuba, Allegany County, New York
|Died||June 21, 1903
Jersey City, New Jersey
|Place of burial||Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
|Years of service||1861 - 1865|
|Unit||3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
*Battle of Baxter Springs
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
|Relations||George F. Pond, brother|
James Burton Pond (June 11, 1838 – June 21, 1903) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. For his actions during the Battle of Baxter Springs, he received the Medal of Honor. Returning to civilian life, he became a successful lecture manager whose clients included Mark Twain, Winston Churchill, and Henry Morton Stanley.
In November 1861, Pond was commissioned as a lieutenant in the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. At the Battle of Baxter Springs, he fought against the notorious Confederate guerrilla leader William Quantrill and his Raiders. For his heroism in that action, he was awarded the Medal of Honor on March 30, 1898. By the time he mustered out in September 1865, he had been promoted to the rank of major.
Medal of Honor citation
- For extraordinary heroism on 6 October 1863, while serving with Company C, 3d Wisconsin Cavalry, in action at Baxter Springs, Kansas. While in command of two companies of Cavalry, First Lieutenant Pond was surprised and attacked by several times his own number of guerrillas, but gallantly rallied his men, and after a severe struggle drove the enemy outside the fortifications. First Lieutenant Pond then went outside the works and, alone and unaided, fired a howitzer three times, throwing the enemy into confusion and causing him to retire.
After the war, he tried his hand at various business enterprises in the western United States.
In Salt Lake City, he was asked to manage a national lecture tour for Ann Eliza Young, the 52nd wife of Brigham Young, who had become disillusioned with her husband. She eventually divorced Young and spoke out against him, the LDS Church, and polygamy.
In 1874, Pond purchased the Lyceum Theatre Lecture Bureau and embarked on a career managing speakers. In 1879, he moved his main office to New York City. In addition to Mark Twain's 1884-85 tour, Pond managed the North American stage of the world-wide lecture tour the author undertook in 1895-96 to pay off his enormous debts. He also promoted Winston Churchill's first American tour, though the two had a falling out and Churchill referred to Pond as "a vulgar Yankee impresario." Explorer and journalist Henry Morton Stanley earned $60,000 for an 1890-91 U.S. tour set up by Pond. Other clients included P. T. Barnum, Booker T. Washington, Frederick Douglass, Arthur Conan Doyle, Ellen Terry, and Henry Ward Beecher. Pond wrote a book entitled Eccentricities of Genius (1900), in which he reminisced about his experiences with his famous clients.
Pond's first wife, the former Ann Frances Lynch, died in 1871. He married Martha Glass of Jersey City in 1880.
Pond died due primarily to an ulcer on his right foot that turned gangrenous. All seemed well after a successful amputation below the knee, but Pond took a turn for the worse and died of heart failure on June 21, 1903. He was survived by his wife, a son, and a daughter. He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York. His grave can be found in section 70, lawn plot, lot 6393 NW 1/4.
After his death, his son James B. Pond Jr. took over the business.
- "Major J. B. Pond is Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. June 22, 1903. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "Major James B. Pond (1838-1903) and Isaiah West Taber (1830-1912), Photographer". Christie's. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "Rare Civil War Medal to Stop at Wisconsin Veterans Museum" (PDF). Wisconsin Veterans Museum. August 1, 2003.
- "Finding Aid for the James B. Pond Letter to Col. Harvey". Penn State University Libraries. Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- Petersen, Paul R. (2007). Quantrill in Texas: The Forgotten Campaign. Cumberland House Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-58182-582-4. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "Pond, James B. (1838–1903)". Mark Twain Project Online. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- Barbara Schmidt. "Chronology of Known Mark Twain Speeches, Public Readings, and Lectures". marktwainquotes.com. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
- "Churchill and the Great Republic". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "Arthur Conan Doyle's Adventures in Winnipeg". Manitoba Historical Society. Spring 1993. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "Excerpts about Mark Twain from Eccentricities of Genius". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- "James Burton Pond". militarytimes.com.
- "James B. Pond / America's Famous Lecture Impresario" (PDF). University of Iowa Libraries. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "James Pond". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Civil War (M-R); Pond, James B. entry". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History. August 6, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Home of Heroes entry". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Major Pond's Congressional Medal of Honor Donated to the Civil War Museum". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Wisconsin Historical Society photograph of Pond". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "3rd Wisconsin Cavalry". Retrieved September 29, 2010.