James Radley

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James Radley
Born(1884-02-09)9 February 1884
Dunnow Hall, Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England
Died5 March 1959(1959-03-05) (aged 75)
Hampshire, England
NationalityBritish
Known forAuto racing
Air racing
Ballooning
Aviation career
Flight license14 June 1910

James Radley (1884–1959) was one of the first English aviators, holding Royal Aero Club Aviators Certificate Number 12.[1] As well as carrying out demonstration flights and competitions in aircraft, he also piloted a ballon in a number of balloon races. As well as his interests in aviation he was a racing driver.

Early life[edit]

Dunnow Hall, home to the Radley family

Radley was born in 1884 at Dunnow Hall, Slaidburn in Yorkshire,[2] England. His parents were James and Fanny Radley, his father being a wealthy colliery owner who took a 14-year lease of Dunnow, with shooting rights on part of the Slaidburn Estate, from William Wilkinson in 1877 for a rent of £400 per annum. [3] [4]

Aviation and motor career[edit]

Radley-England seaplane in 1913

Radley started as a racing driver before gaining his aviators certificate on 14 June 1910.

In June 1910 he flew his Blériot XI at the first aviation meeting held in Scotland at Pollokshaws, Glasgow making seven flights.[5]

In October 1910 he flew in the United States, winning the cross-country aviation race at Belmont Park in New York. Radley covered 20 miles in 19 minutes and 46 seconds, an American speed record.[6]

In 1911 he entered the Daily Mail Circuit of Britain Air Race and was to use an Antoinette monoplane, but he failed to start.[7]

In July 1912 he won a cross-country balloon race where he achieved a distance of 132 miles from Hurlingham.[8]

For the 1913 Circuit of Britain race, Radley in co-operation with Gordon England designed and built the Radley-England waterplane to take place in the 1913 race. It was damaged before the race and did not complete, the aircraft was subsequently modified and re-built.

In 1912 Radley entered a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost into the 1912 Austrian Alpine Trial, he also competed in 1913 and won in 1914 with test driver and riding mechanic 'Tubby' Ward.[9][10]

In August 1914, Radley joined the Royal Automobile Club Volunteer Force and took his personal Rolls Royce car to France to act as a civilian staff car driver for senior officers of the British Expeditionary Force.[11]

Later life[edit]

Radley died in 1959 at his home at Woodgreen, Hampshire.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CertificatesFlight 18 June, p. 465
  2. ^ Now in Lancashire
  3. ^ a b James Radley 1884-1959
  4. ^ King-Wilkinson collection, Lancashire Archives, DDKW Box 329 Bundle A.
  5. ^ "Aviation Meeting in Scotland." Times [London, England] 3 June 1910: 10. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Dec. 2013.
  6. ^ "The American Aviation Meeting." Times [London, England] 26 Oct. 1910: 6. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Dec. 2013.
  7. ^ "The 'Daily Mail' £10,000 Air Race,." Times [London, England] 14 July 1911: 8. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Dec. 2013.
  8. ^ "Cross Country Balloon Race Result." Times [London, England] 20 July 1912: 13. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Dec. 2013.
  9. ^ "Austrian Alpine Motor Trials." Times [London, England] 16 June 1914: 15. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Dec. 2013.
  10. ^ "1914 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost". conceptcarz. Conceptcarz.com. 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  11. ^ Coleman, Frederic. From Mons to Ypres with French: a personal narrative. Toronto: William Briggs. p. 25.