James Ramsay Hunt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

James Ramsay Hunt (1872 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – July 22, 1937 in Katonah, New York) was an American neurologist.[1][2]

Ramsay Hunt received his M.D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1893. He then studied in Paris, Vienna, and Berlin, and returned to practice neurology in New York, working at Cornell University Medical School from 1900 to 1910 with Charles Loomis Dana. In 1910 he joined the faculty at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and what later became their Neurological Institute of New York. He did major research on the anatomy and disorders of the corpus striatum and the extrapyramidal system, and described several movement disorders. He was consulting physician at several New York hospitals, including Lenox Hill Hospital, New York Hospital, Babies Hospital, the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, the Psychiatric Institute, Letchworth Village for Mental Defectives, Montefiore Hospital, and the Craig Colony for Epileptics, and was appointed professor of neurology at Columbia in 1924.[1][3]

He served as president of the American Neurologic Association in 1920, the New York Neurologic Society in 1929, the American Psychopathological Society in 1932, and the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disorders in 1934. He was also a founder of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, and a member of the Association of American Physicians, the American Psychiatric Association, the Association for the Study of Internal Secretions, and the American Medical Association.[3]

During World War I, he was a lieutenant and later a lieutenant colonel in the Army Medical Corps, and served in France as a director of neuropsychiatry.[3]

Hunt described three discrete syndromes, the best known of which is herpes zoster oticus, also known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2.[4][5]

He married Chicagoan Alice St. John Nolan, and was survived by two children, James Ramsay Hunt Jr. and Alice St. John Hunt.[3]

Other associated eponyms[edit]

  • Ramsay Hunt's atrophy: a term for wasting of the small muscles of the hands without sensory loss.
  • Ramsay Hunt's zone: a delimited skin area supplied by the ganglion geniculi of the nervus intermedius.
  • Ramsay Hunt's paralysis: a disturbance with symptoms resembling those of Parkinsonism, but less intense than in Parkinson's disease.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cobb, S.G. (1938). "Obituary - James Ramsay Hunt". Transactions of the Association of American Physicians. 53: 12–13. 
  2. ^ Haruda, Fred; (in Haymaker, W., ed.) (1953). Founders of Neurology. Springfield, Ill.: Thomas. pp. 302–305. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Dr. James Hunt, 63, Neurologist, Dead - Columbia Medical Professor Since 1910 Internationally Famous in His Field - Wrote Widely on Studies - Consultant to Many Hospitals Here - Aided Army Overseas During World War". New York Times. July 23, 1937. p. 19. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Ramsay Hunt, J.R. (1907). "On herpetic inflammations of the geniculate ganglion: a new syndrome and its complications". Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 34 (2): 73–96. doi:10.1097/00005053-190702000-00001. 
  5. ^ Sweeney, C.J.; Gilden, D.H. (2001). "Ramsay Hunt Syndrome" (PDF). Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 71: 149–154. doi:10.1136/jnnp.71.2.149. PMC 1737523Freely accessible. PMID 11459884. Retrieved 18 March 2016.