James Reid, Baron Reid

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The Lord Reid

James Reid 1941.jpg
Reid in 1941, by Walter Stoneman
Lord Advocate
In office
1941–1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Preceded byThomas Cooper
Succeeded byGeorge Thomson
Solicitor General for Scotland
In office
1936–1941
Preceded byAlbert Russell
Succeeded bySir David King Murray
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Hillhead
In office
11 June 1937 – 6 October 1948
Preceded bySir Robert Horne
Succeeded byTam Galbraith
Member of Parliament for Stirling and Falkirk
In office
28 October 1931 – 14 November 1935
Preceded byHugh Murnin
Succeeded byJoseph Westwood
Personal details
Born30 July 1890
Drem
Died29 March 1975 (aged 84)
London
Spouse(s)Esther Brierly (m. 1933)
Alma materJesus College, Cambridge
Military service
RankMajor


James Scott Cumberland Reid, Baron Reid CH PC FRSE (30 July 1890 – 29 March 1975) was a Scottish Unionist politician and judge. His reputation is as one of the most outstanding judges of the 20th century.[1]

Life[edit]

He was born on 30 July 1890 in Drem, East Lothian the son of James Reid a Solicitor of the Supreme Courts (SSC) and his wife, Kate Scott. [2] Educated at Edinburgh Academy, he then studied Law at Jesus College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1910 and LLB in 1911. He was admitted as an advocate in 1914.

He was commissioned into the 8th battalion Royal Scots in World War I and was seconded to the Machine Gun Corps in 1916, serving in Mesopotamia and reaching the rank of Major. He resigned his commission in 1921. He was appointed a King's Counsel in 1932.

He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Stirling and Falkirk from October 1931 until his defeat in November 1935, and for Glasgow Hillhead from June 1937 until September 1948.

He served as Solicitor General for Scotland from June 1936[3] until June 1941, and as Lord Advocate from June 1941[4] until July 1945, and was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1941. From 1945 to 1948 he was Dean of the Faculty of Advocates. In 1948 he was appointed as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and received a Law Life Peerage as Baron Reid, of Drem in East Lothian. He sat as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary until 1975. He was one of very few people to be appointed a Law Lord straight from the Bar, without any intervening judicial experience.

Reid was appointed a Companion of Honour in 1967.

He died in London on 29 March 1975.

Family[edit]

In 1933 he married Mrs Esther Mary Brierley (nee Nelson), a widow.[5]

They did not have any children.

Cases decided[edit]

Selected judgments[edit]

In Shaw v DPP, (1961) UKHL 1 rendered on 4 May 1961, Reid said,


In the same case, he went on to say:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, T. B. (2004). "Reid, James Scott Cumberland". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  3. ^ "No. 34301". The London Gazette. 3 July 1936. p. 4225.
  4. ^ "No. 15820". The Edinburgh Gazette. 13 June 1941. p. 305.
  5. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  6. ^ Knuller (Publishing, Printing and Promotions) Ltd. v. DPP [1973] A.C. 435 at 456, 56 Cr.App.R. 633 at 637

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hugh Murnin
Member of Parliament for Stirling and Falkirk
19311935
Succeeded by
Joseph Westwood
Preceded by
Sir Robert Horne
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Hillhead
19371948
Succeeded by
Tam Galbraith
Legal offices
Preceded by
Albert Russell
Solicitor General for Scotland
1936–1941
Succeeded by
Sir David King Murray
Preceded by
Thomas Cooper
Lord Advocate
1941–1945
Succeeded by
George Thomson