James Richardson Logan
James Richardson Logan (b 10 April 1819 Berwickshire, Scotland, d 20 October 1869 Penang, Straits Settlements) was the man who popularised the name Indonesia after it was coined by the English ethnologist George Windsor Earl. He was a prominent lawyer, an editor of the Pinang Gazette and a former student of Earl who in 1850 published the term 'Indu-nesians' to describe the peoples of the region.
Logan died on 20 October 1869 and is buried at the Old Protestant Cemetery in George Town. A marble statue of him stands in the compound of the Penang High Court building. Logan Road is named after him.
- Logan, James Richardson (1850). "The Ethnology of the Indian Archipelago: Embracing Enquiries into the Continental Relations of the Indo-Pacific Islanders". Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (JIAEA): 4:252–347.; Earl, George S. W. (1850). "On The Leading Characteristics of the Papuan, Australian and Malay-Polynesian Nations". Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (JIAEA): 254, 277–278.
- The Idea of Indonesia, Cambridge University Press 9780521876483 – The Idea of Indonesia – A History – by R. E. Elson:
- (This term was introduced in 1860 in the influential novel Max Havelaar (1859), written by Multatuli, critical of Dutch colonialism). Justus M. van der Kroef (1951). "The Term Indonesia: Its Origin and Usage". Journal of the American Oriental Society 71 (3):
- Earl, George S. W. (1850). "On The Leading Characteristics of the Papuan, Australian and Malay-Polynesian Nations". Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (JIAEA): 119.
- Historical personalities of Penang by Historical Personalities of Penang Committee - Pinang - 1986 - 180 pages, Page 105
- Street Names of Georgetown, Penang