James Kenneth Ridley (1736–1765) was an English author, who was educated at University College, Oxford. He served as a chaplain with the British Army. Ridley wrote two novels, The History of James Lovegrove, Esquire (1761) and The Schemer, or the Universal Satirist, by that Great Philosopher Helter van Scelter (1763); but he is mainly remembered for his Oriental pastiche Tales of the Genii, a set of stories based on those of the Arabian Nights. That work, published in two volumes in 1764, was issued under the pen name "Sir Charles Morell", supposedly British Ambassador at Bombay.
Ridley's Tales were allegedly composed by an imam named Horam and translated from a Persian manuscript; in actuality, they were products of Ridley's imagination. The Tales belong to a genre of imitation Orientalia popular in the 18th century; in its own time and after, Ridley's book was compared to Samuel Johnson's Rasselas. Ridley's compilation was popular, and went through seven editions by 1861; German and French translations also appeared.
- "Ridley, James". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Backscheider, Paula R., and Catherine Ingrassia, eds. A Companion to the Eighteenth-Century English Novel and Culture. London, Blackwell, 2005.
- Ballaster, Rosalind. Fables of the East: Selected Tales 1662–1785. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005.
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