The James River National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge located along the James River in eastern Prince George County, Virginia. One of four refuges that comprise the Eastern Virginia Rivers National Wildlife Refuge Complex, it was founded in 1991 to protect nesting and roosting habitat of the bald eagle from development; its management is overseen by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge's 4,200 acres (17 km2) of forest and wetlands are bordered by Powell Creek to the west, and by Flowerdew Hundred Plantation to the east. The land that is now the refuge was the site of of Powellbrooke Plantation, whose owner Captain Nathaniel Powell (one of the original 1607 colonists), his wife, and ten others were killed during the Indian Massacre of 1622, and later Merchant's Hope Plantation during colonial times.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.