James Robert Jones
|James Robert Jones|
|United States Ambassador to Mexico|
September 10, 1993 – June 25, 1997
|Preceded by||John D. Negroponte|
|Succeeded by||Jeffrey Davidow|
|Chairman of the House Budget Committee|
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1985
|Preceded by||Robert Giaimo|
|Succeeded by||William H. Gray|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 1st district
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Page Belcher|
|Succeeded by||Jim Inhofe|
|White House Appointments Secretary|
April 26, 1968 – January 20, 1969
|President||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Preceded by||W. Marvin Watson
as Informal White House Chief of Staff
Dwight L. Chapin
as Appointments Secretary
May 5, 1939 |
|Alma mater||University of Oklahoma
Georgetown University Law Center
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1964–1965 (active)
|Unit||US Army Intelligence Corps
United States Army Reserve
Jones grew up in Muskogee, Oklahoma and was involved in politics at an early age. He worked as a legislative assistant to U.S. Representative Ed Edmondson and as Appointments Secretary to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
In 1972, after returning to Oklahoma, Jones ran for Oklahoma's 1st congressional district. He won the election and was re-elected six times. During his tenure in Congress, which lasted until 1987, Jones served four years as the Chairman of the House Budget Committee.
Early life and career
Jones was born and educated in Muskogee, Oklahoma. By the age of 12, Jones was campaigning for Ed Edmondson's bid for Congress. He received his B.A. degree in 1961 from the University of Oklahoma, where he also joined Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity. Jones was accepted at Georgetown University Law Center (in Washington, D.C.) and graduated with a law degree (LLB) in 1964.
Jones enlisted and served in the U.S. Army Reserve (from 1961 to 1968) and also served briefly in the Army Counterintelligence Corps (at the rank of Captain, from 1964 to 1965). Jones was also admitted to the Oklahoma bar in 1964 and commenced his practice of law in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Jones first important political job was as the legislative assistant for Congressman Ed Edmondson (1961–1964). Then, in 1965, Jones moved from the United States Congress to the White House where he served as Appointments Secretary (Chief of Staff) to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, the youngest person to hold that position (until Johnson left office in January, 1969).
After Johnson left office, Jones returned to Oklahoma and resumed his law practice in Tulsa. In 1970, he ran against 10-term incumbent Republican Page Belcher in Oklahoma's 1st congressional district. He gave Belcher only his second credible reelection contest ever, holding him to 55 percent of the vote—a surprisingly close margin, considering that Belcher was ranking member of the House Agriculture Committee.
Jones was priming for a rematch in 1972, but Belcher didn't have the stomach for another bruising contest and pulled out of the race in June. The Republicans recruited Tulsa Mayor Jim Hewgley as a replacement. However, Jones won the November election by a fairly convincing 11-point margin—a surprising result, considering that Richard Nixon easily carried the 1st in the presidential election (Nixon won Tulsa with a staggering 78 percent of the vote). Jones was re-elected six times, serving until January 1987.
As a member of the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee, Jones secured House backing for a conservative tax cut in 1978. In 1979, he joined the House Budget Committee. Jones also was able to get Democrats to add more fiscal conservatives to the Budget Committee.
Jones decided to give up his House seat in 1986 to run against Republican incumbent U.S. Senator Don Nickles, even though he'd only narrowly defeated future Governor Frank Keating two years earlier for reelection to his House seat. He lost to Nickles by 10 points.
He is also a member of the advisory board for the Mexico Institute.
Work after Congress
In 1987, Jones resumed the practice of law, joining the Washington-based firm of Dickstein Shapiro. He later served as the Chairman of the American Stock Exchange (1989 to 1993). After the election of Democratic President Bill Clinton, Jones was appointed the U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and served from 1993 until 1997. In February, 2003, he was inaugurated Chairman of the World Affairs Councils of America.
Agreed to serve on The Constitution Project's Guantanamo Task Force
- Politics of Oklahoma
- Oklahoma Democratic Party
- Oklahoma Congressional Districts
- United States Ambassador to Mexico
- Hannemann, Carolyn G., "Jones, James Robert," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 31, 2010).
- "Ambassador James R. Jones". Securing America's Future Energy. Retrieved 4/1/2013. Check date values in:
- James R. Jones, Council of American Ambassadors (accessed May 31, 2010).
- James R. Jones at Manatt, Phelps & Phillips official website (accessed June 1, 2010).
- James R. Jones, "Why LBJ Bowed Out", Los Angeles Times, March 30, 2008.
- Oklahoma Hall of Fame: James R. Jones
- "Task Force on Detainee Treatment Launched". The Constitution Project. 2010-12-17. Archived from the original on 2010-12-18.
- "Think tank plans study of how US treats detainees". Wall Street Journal. 2010-12-17. Archived from the original on 2010-12-18.
Former FBI Director William Sessions, former Arkansas U.S. Rep. Asa Hutchinson, a retired Army general and a retired appeals court judge in Washington are among 11 people selected for a task force that will meet for the first time in early January, said Virginia Sloan, a lawyer and president of The Constitution Project.
- "Task Force members" (PDF). The Constitution Project. 2010-12-17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-18.
- United States Congress. "James Robert Jones (id: J000232)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Jones bio at the Council of American Ambassadors webpage
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Jones, James
|United States House of Representatives|
Page Belcher (R)
|United States Representative for the 1st Congressional District of Oklahoma
Jim Inhofe (R)
John D. Negroponte
|U.S. Ambassador to Mexico
Jeffrey S. Davidow