James Robinson Graves

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J.R. Graves

James Robinson Graves (April 10, 1820 – June 26, 1893) was an American Baptist preacher, publisher, evangelist, debater, author, and editor. He was born in Chester, Vermont, the son of Z. C. Graves, and died in Memphis, Tennessee. His remains are interred in Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis.

Engraving illustrating the caning of J.R. Graves by an ex-congressman in front of Scovel's drug store in Nashville for alleged slander.

Though raised in a Congregationalist family, Graves joined a Baptist church at age 15. Contemporary fellow ministers in the Southern Baptist Convention praised his preaching abilities. Thomas Treadwell Eaton wrote, "We have seen him hold a congregation packed uncomfortably, for three hours and a half without any sign of weariness on their part. This was not done once or twice, but scores of times." Denominational leader J. B. Gambrell described one of Graves' sermons at a small church in Mississippi as "The Greatest Sermon I Ever Heard." Scholars have recognized Graves as an early and chief promulgator of the Landmark movement.[1][2] The subject's Nashville publishing house, Graves, Marks, & Co, which later became South-Western Publishing, published all of fellow 'Landmarker' Amos Cooper Dayton's books. Both were expelled as 'schismatics' between 1858 and 1859 from the Nashville First Baptist Church due to their theological perspectives on their apostolic connection. [3]

Works by Graves[edit]

  • The Desire of All Nations
  • The Watchman's Reply
  • The Trilemma
  • The First Baptist Church in America
  • The Great Iron Wheel
  • The Little Iron Wheel
  • The Bible Doctrine of the Middle Life
  • Exposition of Modern Spiritism
  • The Little Seraph (song book)
  • Old Landmarkism, What Is It?
  • The Work of Christ in Seven Dispensations
  • Intercommunion Inconsistent, Unscriptural, and Productive of Evil
  • What Is It To Eat and Drink Unworthily?
  • John's Baptism: Was It From Moses or Christ?


  • Burnett, J .J., Sketches of Tennessee's Pioneer Baptist Preachers
  • George, Timothy, Baptist theologians
  • Hailey, O. L., J. R. Graves, life, times and teachings


  1. ^ Garrett, Jr., James Leo (2009). Baptist Theology: A Four-Century Study. Mercer University Press. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-88146-129-9. 
  2. ^ Stookey, Stephen (2008). "Baptists and Landmarkism and the Turn toward Provincialism: 1851". In Williams, Michael Edward and Walter B. Shurden. Turning Points in Baptist History. Mercer University Press. pp. 178–181. ISBN 978-0-88146-135-0. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  3. ^ Hensley, J. Clarke and Grice, Homer L. "A.C. Dayton". Encyclopedia of Southern Baptists. (1958) v. 1, p. 352.