James Ross (Pennsylvania politician)
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|United States Senator
April 24, 1794 – March 4, 1803
|Preceded by||Albert Gallatin|
|Succeeded by||Samuel Maclay|
July 12, 1762|
|Died||November 27, 1847
James Ross (July 12, 1762 – November 27, 1847) was a lawyer and senator from Pennsylvania from 1794 to 1803.
Born near Delta, York County, Pennsylvania, he was the son of Joseph and Jane (Graham) Ross. At eighteen, after having received a classical education, he moved to Canonsburg, Pennsylvania and taught at what would become Washington and Jefferson College. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1784 focusing on land law. A Federalist, he was a member of the convention that drafted a new constitution for Pennsylvania in 1789-1790.
President George Washington appointed him to negotiate with the rebels of the Whiskey Rebellion, successfully defusing the situation without violence. On April 1, 1794, the Pennsylvania legislature elected him to the United States Senate to replace Albert Gallatin, who was removed by legislature. There, he authored a new law for the public lands and fought President Thomas Jefferson's administration. He was elected to a second term in the Senate in 1797.
During the late 1810s he is listed as the Pittsburgh City Council President.
He died in Allegheny, which is now part of Pittsburgh. Ross Street in Downtown Pittsburgh (bordering the Pittsburgh City-County Building and the Allegheny County Courthouse), the Pittsburgh suburb of Ross Township, and Ross County, Ohio, are named in his honor.
- United States Congress. "James Ross (id: R000448)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Robert Morris, William Bingham, J. Peter Muhlenberg, George Logan
|President pro tempore of the United States Senate
March 1, 1799 – December 1, 1799