Round was born at Colchester, the son of Rev. James Thomas Round and his wife Louisa Barlow. His father was Rector of St. Runwald's and St. Nicholas, Colchester, and prebendary of Broomesbury. Round was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford. He played cricket for Oxford University in 1864, and for Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) from 1865 to 1869. He played 34 innings in 22 first-class matches with a highest score of 142 and an average of 16.85. Round played for a number of clubs and additional sides including Gentlemen of Essex, Bishops Stortford, Chelmsford, I Zingari, Lord Sandwich's Eleven and pre-first-class Essex sides.
In 1867 Round inherited Birch Hall, Essex from his uncle Charles Gray Round, MP for North Essex. In 1868 he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for East Essex. He played cricket for Houses of Parliament teams in 1879. When the seat was reorganised in 1885, he was elected as MP for Harwich, and held the seat until 1906. He was sworn of the Imperial Privy Council on 11 August 1902, following an announcement of the King's intention to make this appointment in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published in June that year.
- Prebendaries: Broomesbury, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857: volume 1: St. Paul's, London (1969), pp. 20-21. Date accessed: 28 February 2009
- James Round at Cricket Archive
- Birch: Manors, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (Part) including Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe (2001), pp. 44-46. Date accessed: 27 February 2009
- "No. 27464". The London Gazette. 12 August 1902. p. 5174.
- "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by James Round
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for East Essex
With: Samuel Ruggles-Brise 1868–1883
Charles Hedley Strutt 1883–1885
Sir Henry Tyler
| Member of Parliament for Harwich
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