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James Patrick Scully
|Born||20 October 1909|
Crumlin, County Dublin, Ireland
|Years of service||2.5 years of service|
|Unit||256 Company, Pioneer Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War II Liverpool Blitz|
|Awards||George Cross as well as the War Medal 1939-45|
|Other work||He was part of The Royal Society of St George|
Acting Corporal James Patrick Scully (20 October 1909 – December 1974), originally from Crumlin, Dublin, of the Pioneer Corps, was awarded the George Cross for the valour he displayed on the night of 12th/13th March 1941 in Birkenhead in rescuing people from a bomb damaged building during the Blitz. The citation was published in the London Gazette on 8 July 1941, and reads:
George VI of the United Kingdom has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the GEORGE CROSS, to:-
No. 13039555 Acting Corporal James Patrick Scully, Pioneer Corps. (Crunslin, (sic) Co. Dublin.)
Awarded the George Medal.
Lieutenant Charles Cummins Chittenden (163280), Pioneer Corps.
When houses were demolished by enemy action, a rescue party under the direction of Lieutenant Chittenden went to the incident and a search was made for trapped people.
Corporal Scully located a man and a woman and, with great difficulty, he managed to penetrate the debris and get to where they were buried. Lieutenant Chittenden followed him. Wood was obtained to use as props to shore up the debris, but there was no means of cutting it into proper lengths.
A rescue party then arrived with tools to cut some wood into more suitable lengths for shoring. All available help was mustered and the men worked tremendously hard in their efforts to clear away the wreckage. Corporal Scully remained with the trapped persons and prevented any more debris falling on them. A long plank was inserted to take most of the weight but as the result of further falls the props began to sway out of position. There was then a very real danger of the mass of debris falling down and burying the injured persons. Realising this, Corporal Scully placed his back under the plank to try to prevent the props from giving way completely. He steadied them for a time but gradually the weight increased until the props slipped. This left Corporal Scully holding one end of the plank and Lieutenant Chittenden supporting the other. Corporal Scully could have got away at this stage, but he knew that if he did so the debris would fall and probably kill the trapped persons, so he stayed under the plank. Gradually the weight increased and forced Corporal Scully down until he lay across the trapped man. Lieutenant Chittenden who was still holding one end of the plank reached over and supported Corporal Scully's head to prevent him from being suffocated by having his head pressed into the debris. He managed to keep Corporal Scully's face clear, but he was fast becoming exhausted. Despite this, he kept up his spirits and continued to talk encouragingly to the woman. The man was unconscious nearly all this time. Corporal Scully remained in this position throughout the night until, more than seven hours later, the rescue party were able to rescue him and the casualties.
When they first entered the house. Lieutenant Chittenden and Corporal Scully knew there was a grave risk of injury or death as the high walls nearby appeared about to collapse at any moment. Had this collapse occurred, they would have been buried under many tons of debris. Corporal Scully risked
his life to save the two people and, though the position looked hopeless, Lieutenant Chittenden stayed with him.
Lieutenant C. C. Chittenden was awarded the George Medal for this along with Scully.
Medals and Awards
Scully was recommended for his G.C. by the Chief Constable and the Mayor of Birkenhead, but the C.O. of 46 Group, Pioneer Corps, Temple Gray, quickly leapt into action on learning of the approval of the award from the G.O.C. Western Command, as recounted in Marion Hebblethwaite's One Step Further - The George Cross:
There he was met by an R.S.M. from the Brigade of Guards who took him to the War Office. Here he was quizzed by a number of Generals before being taken into a room and fitted with a new outfit supervised by two tailors.
The R.S.M. then gave him a light lunch in a Whitehall restaurant with no alcohol and they were driven to Buck House. He was taken up to see the King George VI, who asked him to sit down, was very kind, listened to his story and pinned the George Cross on him remarking that it was only the second one to be awarded. With his escort he then had an enormous high tea and was taken to a cinema; after a few drinks he was put on the train to Liverpool thoroughly bewildered by his crowded day. Warned by a message of his E.T.A., an escort of a Sergeant and four men was arranged to meet him, as it was thought his "Irish temperament" might have caused trouble but on arrival he was sound asleep.
Scully was the only member of the Pioneer Corps to be awarded the George Cross (although 13 George Medals and many other lesser awards have been won by Corps members.). No members of the Pioneer Corps have won the Victoria Cross while serving with the corps, although Francis George Miles served with the corps in World War II after winning the VC while serving with the Gloucestershire Regiment in World War I.
Corporal Scully's medal group including the George Cross was sold at auction in London on 5 July 2011 for £72,000 ($118,560.52 in 2022). The medals were sold with a quantity of documents, including his Soldier's Service and Pay Book; Buckingham Palace Coronation Medal 1953 as well as the certificate; membership certificate for the Royal Society of St George; 2 or 3 portrait photographs, and the cover feature of The Hornet of January 1967, featuring the recipient's GC-winning exploits. The auction was held by Dix Noonan Webb.
James Scully was the first Catholic recipient of a George Cross. He was commemorated by a sculpture at Simpson Barracks, Northamptonshire. A troop of the Royal Logistic Corps is named after him. Scully was one of the 409 George Cross recipients. The George Cross has been awarded 409 times, 394 to men, 12 to women.
James Patrick Scully enlisted in the Pioneer Corps in Belfast in January 1941 and was serving in 256 Company, Pioneer Corps, at the time of the above related incident in Carnforth Street, Birkenhead, on the night of 13–14 March 1941. Liverpool-Birkenhead suffered one of the biggest raids of the U.K. that night, aircraft from Luftflotte 3 dropping 58 tonnes of H.E. and over 4,000 incendiaries - this on the back of a larger raid on the 12th, when 264 people in Birkenhead were killed. Scully continued work through the Blitz which earned him the George Cross. The outstanding ‘Liverpool Blitz’ G.C. group of three awarded to Corporal James Scully, Royal Pioneer Corps, who shielded a trapped couple from debris for an entire night, all of them finally being saved after seven hours of frantic work by a rescue team. Scully remains the most highly decorated member of his Corps. Scully was discharged in May 1943 as ‘ceasing to fulfil Army Physical Requirements Para. 390 (xvi) King's Regulations 1940, being the result of great bravery for which he was awarded the George Cross’ (his discharge certificate refers).
After the War & Later Life
After the War, Scully became a painter and decorator, and raised a large family with his wife Mary, namely a son (Tony) and five daughters who produced the happy couple 17 grandchildren. He was blessed with a wicked sense of humour and adored by his children.
- "James Patrick Scully, GC". George Cross database. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
- "No. 35213". The London Gazette. 8 July 1941. p. 3919.
- "Lot 705, 5 July 2011 | Dix Noonan Webb". www.dnw.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
- "The Pioneer – honours and awards". Royal Pioneer Corps Association. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
- "Lot Archive | Noonans Mayfair". www.noonans.co.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2022.
- "George Cross awarded to Irish hero of the Blitz could raise £50,000 at auction".