Shigeta in ABC Television publicity photo (1968)
|Born||James Saburo Shigeta
June 17, 1929
Honolulu, Oahu, Territory of Hawaii
|Died||July 28, 2014
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Labels||Toho Records, Choreo Records, Decca, Ava Records|
James Saburo Shigeta (June 17, 1929 – July 28, 2014) was an American film and television actor. He was also a standards singer, musical theatre and nightclub performer, and recording artist. He was a Sansei, a third-generation American of Japanese ancestry. He was noted for his roles in Walk Like a Dragon (1960), Flower Drum Song (1961), Bridge to the Sun (1961), Die Hard (1988), and Mulan (1998). In 1960, he won the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male, along with three other actors.
Shigeta often in his early career played romantic male lead roles, which as an actor of Asian descent during his time was almost non-existent. His most successful romantic lead roles were in the films The Crimson Kimono (1959) and Bridge to the Sun.
Born in the Territory of Hawaii of Japanese ancestry in 1929, Shigeta studied drama at New York University. Before he could fully embark on a business career, Shigeta enlisted to serve in the United States Marine Corps during the Korean War where he served for two-and-a-half years, and rose to the rank of Staff Sergeant.
Shigeta entered and won first prize on Ted Mack's television talent show, The Original Amateur Hour. Embarking on a singing career, his agent at the time gave him the non-ethnic sounding stage name of "Guy Brion" alluding to Shigeta as a cultured European. Under his new name he developed a supper club musical career in the United States, singing at venues such as the Mocambo and the Los Angeles Players Club. Despite that success, breaking into the movies eluded him.
During the Korean War Shigeta enlisted in the United States Marine Corps, where he entertained troops in California. En route to Korea, the ceasefire led Shigeta to Japan, where he was discharged from the Marines and hired by the theatrical division of Toho Studios.
Shigeta did not speak the Japanese language until Toho Studios in Tokyo invited him to be a musical star under his real name in Japan. He spent years in that country, becoming a success in all media aspects — radio, television, stage, supper clubs, movies, recordings — being known as "The Frank Sinatra of Japan".
In 1958 the Nichigeki Theatre in Tokyo exported their extravaganza Cherry Blossom Show to Australia with Shigeta as the male lead. The show was performed at the Empire Theatre in Sydney, Her Majesty's Theatre in Brisbane, the Theatre Royal in Adelaide, and Her Majesty's Theatre in Melbourne. The show was a big success, with one Australian reviewer writing about Shigeta, "... has matinee idol good looks and a soothing baritone voice that should send the record companies mad for his autograph on recording contracts."
Shigeta returned to the United States to sing on The Dinah Shore Show. By 1959 he was the star of the Shirley MacLaine-Steve Parker production of Holiday in Japan at the New Frontier Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas.
When movies began to open up for him, Shigeta took acting lessons from seasoned dialogue coach Leon Charles.
Shigeta first came on screen in the U.S., in 1959 as Detective Joe Kojaku in The Crimson Kimono, a detective story that featured an interracial romantic triangle between Kojaku, his partner Sgt. Charlie Bancroft (played by Glenn Corbett), and Christine Downes (portrayed by Victoria Shaw). Shigeta's character was somewhat groundbreaking for the 1950s, an Asian detective played by an Asian actor with regular speech patterns, rather than a non-Asian made up to pass as Asian who speaks in broken English.
Paramount Pictures and James Clavell cast Shigeta in the 1960 release Walk Like A Dragon, as Cheng Lu, a young Chinese man in the American old west who resents that Chinese must be subservient to white people. When filming began, Shigeta was still starring in Holiday in Japan in Las Vegas. An arrangement was made to transport him after his last show to the Paramount studio by ambulance to make sure he arrived on time. The technical advisor to Shigeta on the film was Benson Fong, who taught Shigeta how to mount a horse Chinese style. Jack Lord has first billing in this movie, which pits Shigeta against Lord for the affections of Kim Sung, played by Nobu McCarthy. Shigeta and McCarthy would work together again in the 1965 Perry Mason episode, "The Case of the Wrongful Writ," while Shigeta and Lord would work together in the 1968 Hawaii Five-O episode Deathwatch.
In 1961, Shigeta was cast as Wang Ta, a role originated by Ed Kenney on Broadway, in the Academy Award-nominated movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's Flower Drum Song with Nancy Kwan and Miyoshi Umeki playing the love interests.
He was cast as World War II Japanese diplomat Hidenari Terasaki opposite Carroll Baker as Gwen Terasaki in the 1961 biographical movie Bridge to the Sun. A rarity for its era, the movie told the true story of a racially mixed marriage set against the background of the war between the United States and Japan.
Shigeta guest starred in many television shows, beginning with Alcoa Premiere in 1961, as a Korean War era Chinese Communist who tortured star Lloyd Bridges. He continued to act in television up through Avatar: The Last Airbender in 2005.
In 1965, Shigeta worked with Raymond Burr in the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Wrongful Writ", cast as lawyer Ward Toyama who finds himself as the defendant. Shigeta worked with Raymond Burr two more times, in the 1969 Ironside episode "Love My Enemy", and the 1971 episode "No Motive for Murder" of the same series.
From 1969 to 1972, Shigeta had recurring appearances on the TV hospital drama Medical Center, in which he alternately appeared as the Resident Doctor and Doctor Osaka, for seven episodes. He played the role of Chief Resident in the series 1969 2-hour pilot U.M.C.
He also continued starring in films. In 1976, he portrayed the famous Japanese admiral Chūichi Nagumo in Midway. In 1988, he played the ill-fated corporate executive Joseph Yoshinobu Takagi in the action adventure film Die Hard. Cage II: The Arena of Death from 1994 pits star Lou Ferrigno against Shigeta's character of underworld crime boss Tim Yum Yum. Shigeta has lent his voice to Disney's 1998 animated film Mulan.
Awards and legacy
In 2006, Shigeta was among the actors, producers and directors interviewed in the documentary The Slanted Screen, directed by Jeff Adachi, about the representation of Asian and Asian American men in Hollywood.
Shigeta died in his sleep on July 28, 2014 at the age of 85 in Beverly Hills. He had suffered a stroke two years earlier.
|2009||The People I've Slept With||Charles Yang|
|2002||A Ribbon of Dreams||Jimmy Chan|
|1998||Mulan||General Li||Voice Role|
|1996||Space Marines||Ambassador Nakamura|
|1995||Midnight Man||Mao Mak|
|1994||Cage II:The Arena of Death||Tim Lum Yin|
|1990||China Cry: A True Story||Dr. Sung|
|1989||Cage||Tin Lum Yin|
|1988||Die Hard||Joseph Yoshinobu Takagi|
|1976||Midway||Vice Adm. Chūichi Nagumo|
|1973||Lost Horizon||To Len|
|1968||Nobody's Perfect||Diver Toshi O'Hara|
|1968||Manila, Open City|
|1967||The Mystery of the Chinese Junk||George Ti Ming|
|1966||Paradise, Hawaiian Style||Danny Kohana|
|1966||Death Walks in Laredo||Lester Koto|
|1961||Flower Drum Song||Wang Ta|
|1961||Bridge to the Sun||Hidenari Terasaki|
|1961||Cry for Happy||Suzuki|
|1960||Walk Like a Dragon||Cheng Lu|
|1959||The Crimson Kimono||Det. Joe Kojaku|
|2005||Avatar: The Last Airbender||Old Wanderer||The Spirit World-Winter Solstice, Part 1|
|2004||Threat Matrix||Kang Sok-Joo||PPX|
|1999||Beverly Hills, 90210||Ben Sosna||Slipping Away|
|1999||Beverly Hills 90210||Ben Sosna||The Loo-Ouch|
|1999||Beverly Hills 90210||Ben Sosna||Nine Yolks Whipped Lightly|
|1997||The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest||Mr. Yamashiro/Japanese Prime Minister||Night of the Zinja|
|1997||The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest||Inspector Mantjur||Diamonds and Jade|
|1996||Cybill||Mr. Matsuzaki||Cybill and Maryann Go to Japan|
|1994||Renegade||Hideo Maruyama||Black Wind|
|1994||Babylon 5||Taro Isogi||Spider in the Web|
|1994||Hart to Hart: Old Friends Never Die||Det. Whoo||TV movie|
|1994||seaQuest DSV||Montegnard Confederation President Chi||
The Last Lap at Luxury
|1994||seaQuest DSV||Montegnard Confederation President Chi||Better Than Martians|
|1992||Murder, She Wrote||Luc Lee||Sugar & Spice, Malice & Vice|
|1987||Murder She Wrote||John Sukahara||The Corpse Flew First Class|
|1989||Jake and the Fatman||Episode: The Way You Look Tonight|
|1989||A Peaceable Kingdom||Dr Okawa||Snake Bite|
|1989||Dragnet||Mr. Minn||The Payback|
|1989||Mission: Impossible||Ki||The Lions|
|1988||Simon & Simon||Chen||Tale of the Tiger|
|1987||Simon & Simon||Musashi Sato||Opposites Attack|
|1984||Simon & Simon||Daniel Yoshiro||Revolution #9½|
|1987||The Hitchhiker||Nishi||Perfect Order|
|1986||Magnum, P.I.||Mr. Obotu||
|1983||Magnum P.I.||Dr. Richard Enoka||Forty Years from Sand Island|
|1986||The Family Martinez||Judge Yamamoto|
|1985||Airwolf||Colonel Tranh Van Zung||The American Dream|
|1984||Matt Houston||Lin Ha||Blood Money|
|1984||The Love Boat||M. Yasamoto||Japan Cruise:When Worlds Collide/The Captain and the Geisha/The Lottery Winners/The Emperor's Fortune, Parts 1 and 2|
|1983||Masquerade||Makko||Girls for Sale|
|1983||T. J. Hooker||Chow Duc Khan||Chinatown|
|1982||The Renegades||Jimmy Lee|
|1985||Tomorrow's Child||Donald Shibura||TV movie|
|1982||The Greatest American Hero||Colonel Shawn Liang||The Hand-Painted Thai|
|1980||Enola Gay: The Men, the Mission, the Atomic Bomb||Field Marshal Abehata||TV movie|
|1979||Fantasy Island||General Lin Sun||Spending Spree/The Hunted|
|1978||The Rockford Files||Clement Chin||Heartaches of a Fool|
|1978||Police Woman||Bernie Kim||The Human Rights of Tiki Kim|
|1977||The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries||Kapala||Wipe-Out|
|1977||Little House on the Prairie||Sam Wing||To Live with Fear, Part 2|
|1976||The Moneychangers||Wizard Wong|
|1976||Once an Eagle||Lin Tso-Han||TV mini-series|
|1976||The Streets of San Francisco||Prosecutor||The Thrill Killers, Parts 1 and 2|
|1976||The Killer Who Wouldn't Die||David Lao||TV movie|
|1976||S.W.A.T.||The Chinese Connection|
|1976||Ellery Queen||Stephen Yang||The Adventure of the Judas Tree|
|1975||Kung Fu||Master Kwan Li||The Garments of Rage|
|1975||Kung Fu||Col. Lin Pei||The Forbidden Kingdom|
|1975||Matt Helm||Tom McCauley|
|1974||Emergency!||Mr. O'Brien||Foreign Trade|
|1974||The Questor Tapes||Dr. Chen||TV movie|
|1969||Medical Center||Resident Doctor||The Loner|
|1970||Medical Center||Resident Doctor||Runaway|
|1970||Medical Center||Dr. Osaka||The V.D. Story|
|1970||Medical Center||Dr. Osaka||Brink of Doom|
|1970||Medical Center||Dr. Osaka||Deadly Encounter|
|1972||Medical Center||Resident Doctor||Confession|
|1972||Medical Center||Dr. Osaka||Conflict|
|1969||Ironside||Il Pak Soong||Love My Enemy|
|1971||Ironside||Toshio Watari||No Motive for Murder|
|1969||The Young Lawyers||Pilot|
|1969||U.M.C.||Chief Resident||Pilot for 1970 Medical Center series|
|1968||Hawaii Five-O||Joseph Matsukino||Deathwatch|
|1968||Escape to Mindanao||Lt. Takahashi|
|1968||It Takes a Thief||Fong Sing||When Good Friends Get Together|
|1964||Ben Casey||Father Michael Hsueh||The Evidence of Things Not Seen|
|1965||Ben Casey||Dr. Harvey Lee||No More, Cried the Rooster-There Will Be Truth|
|1965||I Spy||Tommy||Three Hours on a Sunday Night|
|1965||Perry Mason||Ward Toyama||The Case of the Wrongful Writ|
|1965||The Bing Crosby Show||Joe||That's the Way the Suki Yakies|
|1964||The Outer Limits||AIO Captain Newa||The Inheritors, Part 1|
|1963||The Outer Limits'||Major Jong||Nightmare|
|1964||A Carol for Another Christmas||The Doctor||United Nations special|
|1964||The Lieutenant||Captain Myang Lee||To Kill a Man|
|1964||Burke's Law||Sidney Ying||Who Killed the Paper Dragon?|
|1963||Dr. Kildare||Dr. Roy Shigera||One Clear Bright Thursday Morning|
|1962||Naked City||James Kam||The Contract|
|1961||Playdate||Major Ri||The Cell 5 Experience|
|1961||Alcoa Premiere||Captain||The Fortress|
- " "Friday Feature: James Shigeta". Hawaii Herald. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "James Shigeta, 85, Leading Man in ‘Flower Drum Song,’ Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
- Ong, Henry. "Leading Man Emeritus". GoldenSea. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "Movies: Bridge to the Sun". Life: 30. 20 October 1961. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- Niiya, Brian (1993). Japanese American History: an A-to-Z Reference from 1868 to the Present. New York: Facts on File. pp. 310–311. ISBN 0-8160-2680-7.
- Hopkins, Jerry (2002). Elvis in Hawaii. Bess Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-57306-142-1.
- Niiya, Brian; Okihiro, Gary Y; Inouye, Daniel K; California National Japanese American Museum of Los Angeles (2000). Encyclopedia of Japanese American History: An A-To-Z Reference from 1868 to the Present. Checkmark Books. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-8160-4094-0.
- Thomas, Bob (21 June 1960). "Hawaiian-Born Actor Found Success in Japan". Reading Eagle.
- p. 22 Trades His Tux for Marine Togs Scene: The International East-West Magazine, Volume 3 Scene Magazine Incorporated, 1951
- p. 116 Garcia, Roger James Shigeta Interview Out of the Shadows: Asians in American Cinema Edizioni Olivares, 2001
- Taylor, Nora (26 April 1973). "Lost Horizon Captures James Shigeta". Toldeo Blade.
- Bacon, James (17 January 1960). "Hollywood Finds New Twist for a Western". Sarasota Herald-Tribune.
- "James Shigeta". AusStage. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "Fans' Bouquets for Cherry Blossom Show". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 March 1958.
- Parson, Louella (23 November 1959). "Hawaiian Star". The Milwaukee Sentinel.
-  Archived October 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Valley Music Hall advertisement". The Deseret News. 24 March 1969.
- Dombrowski, Lisa (2008). The Films of Samuel Fuller: If You Die, I'll Kill You. Wesleyan. pp. 122–139. ISBN 978-0-8195-6866-3.
- Okihiro, Gary Y (2005). The Columbia Guide to Asian American History. Columbia University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-231-11511-7.
- The American Film Institute (1997). The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films, 1961–1970. University of California Press. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-520-20970-1.
- "Mark of the Music Masters". LIFE: 78–81. 22 Dec 1958.
- Piazza, Jim; Kinn, Gail (2008). The Academy Awards: The Complete Unofficial History Revised and Updated. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-57912-772-5.
- Grant, Barry K (2008). American Cinema of the 1960s: Themes and Variations. Rutgers University Press. pp. 54–58. ISBN 978-0-8135-4219-5.
- Prasso, Sheridan (2006). The Asian Mystique: Dragon Ladies, Geisha Girls, and Our Fantasies of the Exotic Orient. PublicAffairs. p. 106. ISBN 1-58648-394-3.
- Costello, Ed (6 December 1961). "One World Idea Seen in Bridge to the Sun". The Spokesman-Review.
- "TV Scout Preview". St. Petersburg Times. 11 September 1962.
- Kelleher, Brian; Merrill, Diana. "The Case of the Wrongful Writ". The Perry Mason TV Show Book. D. M. Brockman.
- Smith, Cecil (16 April 1969). "Another New Medical Series Bows". Toledo Blade.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle F (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present. Ballantine Books. p. 877. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
- Flander, Judy (22 March 1982). "Today in Preview". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "Movies". The New York Times. 4 July 2010.
- "1960 Golden Globes". Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "James Shigeta – Awards". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
-  Archived November 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- The Slanted Screen: Asian Men in Film and Television. Smiley Film Distribution. 2010. ISBN 978-1-61616-824-7.
- Finn, Natalie (29 July 2014). "James Shigeta Dead at 81: Character Actor and Singer Had Memorable Roles in Die Hard and Flower Drum Song". EOnline. Retrieved 29 July 2014.