James Simpson (British Army officer)

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Sir James Simpson
Born 1792
Died 18 April 1868
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1811–1855
Rank General
Commands held 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot
South-West District
British Troops in the Crimea
Battles/wars Peninsular War
Crimean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France)
Knight Grand Cross of the Military Order of Savoy (Sardinia)
Order of the Medjidie, First Class (Ottoman Empire)

General Sir James Simpson GCB (1792 – 18 April 1868) was a general of the British Army.

Military career[edit]

Educated at the University of Edinburgh, Simpson was commissioned into the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards on 3 April 1811.[1] He served with his regiment during the Peninsular War and the Waterloo Campaign, and then commanded the 29th Regiment of Foot in Mauritius and Bengal.[1]

In 1839 Simpson married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Dundas, baronet of Beechwood, Midlothian. She died in 1840.[1] Promoted to major-general on 11 November 1851, he became General Officer Commanding the South-West District that same month.[1]

In February 1855 he was sent out to the Crimea to act as chief of staff to the army commander Lord Raglan. Raglan died on 28 June, and Simpson reluctantly took command of the army.[1] He resigned on 10 November, and was succeeded by Sir William Codrington.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Simpson, Sir James". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir George D'Aguilar
GOC South-West District
Succeeded by
Henry Breton