James Thornton (songwriter)
December 5, 1861|
Dublin or Liverpool
July 27, 1938 (aged 76)|
New York City, New York, United States
|Years active||c. 1885–1934|
James Thornton (December 5, 1861 – July 27, 1938) was an American songwriter and vaudeville performer. He is primarily remembered today as the composer of the 1898 song, "When You Were Sweet Sixteen".
Thornton started his career as a "singing waiter" in Boston, Massachusetts, and then achieved success with his wife, Elisabeth "Bonnie" Cox, in music halls throughout the US as what was then called a "serio-comic" or "monologist" (essentially a stand-up comic) and singer. During his career, he also performed in a vaudeville team with Charles B. Lawlor.
Thornton's compositions included: "When You Were Sweet Sixteen", "She May Have Seen Better Days", "The Irish Jubilee", "Two Little Girls in Blue", "When Summer Comes Around", "It Don’t Seem Like the Same Old Smile", "My Sweetheart's the Man in the Moon", and the 1893 song, "The Streets of Cairo", composed for the Chicago World’s Fair of that year.
Little is known about his early life. According to the New York Times, he was born in Dublin, Ireland. According to the 1900 US census and his birth certificate, he was born of Irish parents, John Thornton and Catherine Molloy, in Liverpool, England. He emigrated with his parents and siblings to Boston United States in 1869, became a US citizen in 1931, and died in New York City.
Margaret Bradford Boni wrote about him:
Thornton, genial, undependable, bibulous, was one of the greatest of the Tin Pan Alley song writers and comedians. [...] Bonnie Thornton, his wife, a well-known singer of the day, worked there also, and part of her job, it is told, was to keep her husband from spending all of his money on drink. Thornton, returning home from a drinking spree on Independence Day, was met with Bonnie's tearful reproof and her sadly expressed doubt of his love and fidelity. Quickly he reassured her with the words, "My Sweetheart's the man in the moon." The words gave him the title and idea for one of his greatest songs, which was later sung with enormous success by Bonnie at Tony Pastor's 14th Street Theatre.
Apparently, this was a recurring theme in their marriage, as a similar story is told about the origin of "When You Were Sweet Sixteen".
After Bonnie died in 1920, Thornton married restaurateur Josephine Boyle.