This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (August 2020)
James Tubbs (1835 – 1921) is one of the most celebrated English bow makers, and is considered "The English Tourte".
Together with his son Alfred (d. 1912), he produced more than 5,000 bows. It is generally accepted that James Tubbs ranks among the five or six most important bow makers in history. "The Tubbs family made bows and instruments as early as the 1800s, and five generations have practiced the craft".
Born in London in 1835, the eldest of eleven children and son of William, James Tubbs worked for his father until 1860.
Tubbs first started making bows for William Ebsworth Hill around 1860 and continued that relationship until 1870. His bows made for W. E. Hill & Sons are stamped W E Hill and are sometimes double stamped. In the 1870s Tubbs settled on his own opening a shop at 94 Wardour Street. The early bows from this period were branded "J. TUBBS." Around 1878 he changed this brand to "Jas. TUBBS."
In 1885 he won a Gold medal for his bows at the Inventions Exhibition held that year in London, after which he was made bowmaker by Special Appointment to Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
In the widely cited book Universal Dictionary of Violin & Bow Makers, William Henley calls Tubbs "this champion" and places him alongside Tourte, Peccatte and Voirin.[clarification needed]
String players generally regard his bows as extremely desirable, and will often go to great lengths to obtain one and collectors may pay huge amounts to own one.
"Leading musicians of the day such as Piatti and Wilhelmj, were attracted by bows made by James Tubbs and were using them. Since then, his bows have been enjoyed and used by musicians (soloists, chamber musicians and orchestral players) the world over."
Typical characteristics of his work
Head is broad and full, the model being an early work of Francois Tourte. The frog with pearl eyes and long ferrule and one piece long buttons with solid metal (ex: silver ) are also typical of this period. Finest examples have metal fittings of engraved gold.
In 1995 a bow by Tubbs was sold at Sotheby's auction house for $43,608, a record price for one of his bows.
- ^ Universal Dictionary of Violin & Bow Makers - William Henley 1970
- ^ Philip J. Kass (1980). "The Tubbs Bow" (PDF). William Moening & Sons Ltd. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- Philip J. Kass (1980). "The Tubbs Bow" (PDF). William Moening & Sons Ltd. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- Bows and Bowmakers - W.C. Retford 1964
- W.E. Hill & Sons (A Tribute)- Richard Sadler 1996 ISBN 0-9504357-2-4
- Roda, Joseph (1959). Bows for Musical Instruments. Chicago: W. Lewis. OCLC 906667.
- Dictionnaire Universel del Luthiers - Rene Vannes 1951,1972, 1985 (vol.3)
- James Tubbs: the turbulent life of the great bow maker and master of the English school
- Universal Dictionary of Violin & Bow Makers - William Henley 1970
- Filimonov Fine Violins