James Tuck (archaeologist)

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James A. Tuck, ONL, FRSC is a New York-born[citation needed] archaeologist whose work as a faculty member of the Memorial University of Newfoundland is focused on the early history of Newfoundland and Labrador.


Tuck was born in 1940; he received a doctoral degree from Syracuse University.[1] He subsequently began teaching and practicing archaeology as a faculty member at Memorial University of Newfoundland.[2] Since the late 1960s, Tuck has focused his archaeological work in Newfoundland and Labrador.

His early work included unearthing the Maritime Archaic burial ground at Port au Choix. From 1977 until the late 1980s he excavated the sixteenth century Basque whaling station at Red Bay Labrador.

Starting in 1969 he led teams that excavated and desecrated Inuit graves on Rose Island which is now in Torngat Mountains National Park.[3] [4] The remains of 113 Inuit – 100 from Rose Island and 13 from Upernavik Island were repatriated and reburied in 1995. A further 11 Inuit remains were repatriated in a special ceremony on August 16, 2011 attended by the Honourable Kathy Dunderdale, Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nunatsiavut President Jim Lyall.[5]

The remains of 113 Inuit are buried here.

Since the late 1980s, Tuck has worked on unearthing the Province of Avalon located at Ferryland. To date the dig has found and catalogued over two million artifacts from the 4-acre (16,000 m2) site.[citation needed]



  1. ^ Tuck, James A. from the Library of Congress Name Authority
  2. ^ a b Recipient biography Archived 2007-02-17 at the Wayback Machine. at Order of Newfoundland and Labrador, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
  3. ^ Tuck, James 1975 Prehistory of Saglek Bay, Labrador: Archaic and Palaeo-Eskimo Occupations. Archaeological Survey of Canada Mercury Paper No. 32. National Museum of Man, Ottawa.
  4. ^ ARCTIC VOL. 33, NO. 3 (SEPTEMBER 1980). P. 585 - 606 Preliminary Report on the Torngat Archaeological Project
  5. ^ Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement - April 1st, 2011 - March 31st, 2012