James Victor Gascoyne
James Victor Gascoyne
|Born||25 May 1892|
Royston, Hertfordshire, England
|Died||1976 (aged 83–84)|
Taunton Deane, Somerset, England
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1913–1921|
|Unit||No. 3 Squadron RFC|
No. 92 Squadron RAF
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
In 2018 a website was created containing photographs, flying records, other RFC/RAF documents and audio interviews conducted by the Imperial War Museum . http://www.ww1flyingace.co.uk/index.html
In August 1914, he was assigned to No. 3 Squadron RFC in France as a member of the ground crew. After learning to fly in late 1917 at Lilbourne, Northamptonshire, he was granted a temporary commission as a second lieutenant on 19 July 1918, and joined No. 92 Squadron, based at Serny, in early August 1918. The squadron was commanded by Arthur Coningham, and equipped with S.E.5a fighters. In October and November 1918 Gascoyne accounted for five enemy aircraft, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
World War II
Gascoyne returned to military service during the Second World War, being granted a commission "for the duration of hostilities" in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve as a pilot officer on probation on 4 September 1940. He was confirmed in his appointment and promoted to the war substantive rank of flying officer on 4 September 1941. On 1 January 1943 he was promoted to flight lieutenant, and on 1 January 1944 received a mention in despatches.
Citation for Distinguished Flying Cross
2nd Lieut. James Victor Gascoyne.
During the months of October and November this officer has accounted for five enemy machines, and during recent operations he has displayed splendid daring and great skill in attacking enemy troops, etc. On 9th November, although he was wounded in the head early in the attack and his machine was badly shot about, 2nd Lieut. Gascoyne made a most successful attack on the enemy from a height of 100 feet, obtaining three direct hits and inflicting heavy casualties.
List of aerial victories
Confirmed victories are numbered and listed chronologically. Unconfirmed victories are denoted by "u/c" and may or may not be listed by date.
|3||23 October 1918
@ 13:00 hours
|SE.5a||DFW two-seater||Destroyed||South of Pont du Nord||Victory shared with James Robb, William Reed, Evander Shapard, Thomas Stanley Horry, and four other pilots|
|4||27 October 1918
@ 07:35 hours
|SE.5a||German two-seater||Destroyed||Two miles east of Le Quesnoy||Shared victory|
|5||29 October 1918
@ 16:05 hours
|SE.5a||DFW two-seater||Destroyed||Favril||Victory shared with Oren Rose, two other pilots|
- "James Victor Gascoyne". The Aerodrome. 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- Orange, Vincent (1990). Coningham : a biography of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. Chatham, Kent: Mackays of Chatham. pp. 26–27. ISBN 0413145808. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Parker, John (2013). Strike Command. Hachette UK. ISBN 9781472202598. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "No. 30815". The London Gazette. 26 July 1918. p. 8901.
- "No. 31486". The London Gazette. 1 August 1919. p. 9871.
- "No. 32554". The London Gazette. 20 December 1921. p. 10373.
- "No. 34960". The London Gazette. 4 October 1940. pp. 5837–5838.
- "No. 35283". The London Gazette. 23 September 1941. pp. 5527–5528.
- "No. 35855". The London Gazette. 5 January 1943. p. 221.
- "No. 36329". The London Gazette. 11 January 1944. p. 291.
- "No. 31170". The London Gazette. 7 February 1919. p. 2039.