James Victor Gascoyne

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James Victor Gascoyne
Born (1892-05-25)25 May 1892
Royston, Hertfordshire, England
Died 1976 (aged 83–84)
Taunton Deane, Somerset, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Royal Air Force
Years of service 1913–1921
1940-c.1945
Rank Lieutenant
Unit No. 3 Squadron RFC
No. 92 Squadron RAF
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Lieutenant James Victor Gascoyne DFC (25 May 1892 – 1976) was an English World War I flying ace credited with five aerial victories.[1]

Biography[edit]

Gascoyne was born in Royston, Hertfordshire, and joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1913, before the start of the First World War, as one of its earliest recruits.[2][3]

In August 1914, he was assigned to No. 3 Squadron RFC in France as a member of the ground crew.[2] After learning to fly in late 1917 at Lilbourne, Northamptonshire,[3] he was granted a temporary commission as a second lieutenant on 19 July 1918,[4] and joined No. 92 Squadron, based at Serny, in early August 1918. The squadron was commanded by Arthur Coningham, and equipped with S.E.5a fighters.[2] In October and November 1918 Gascoyne accounted for five enemy aircraft, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.[1]

On 1 August 1919 Gascoyne was granted a permanent commission in the Royal Air Force with the rank of lieutenant,[5] but resigned from the RAF on 25 October 1921.[6]

World War II[edit]

Gascoyne returned to military service during the Second World War, being granted a commission "for the duration of hostilities" in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve as a pilot officer on probation on 4 September 1940.[7] He was confirmed in his appointment and promoted to the war substantive rank of flying officer on 4 September 1941.[8] On 1 January 1943 he was promoted to flight lieutenant,[9] and on 1 January 1944 received a mention in despatches.[10]

Gascoyne died in Taunton Deane, Somerset, in 1976.[1]

Citation for Distinguished Flying Cross[edit]

2nd Lieut. James Victor Gascoyne.
During the months of October and November this officer has accounted for five enemy machines, and during recent operations he has displayed splendid daring and great skill in attacking enemy troops, etc. On 9th November, although he was wounded in the head early in the attack and his machine was badly shot about, 2nd Lieut. Gascoyne made a most successful attack on the enemy from a height of 100 feet, obtaining three direct hits and inflicting heavy casualties.[11]

List of aerial victories[edit]

Confirmed victories are numbered and listed chronologically. Unconfirmed victories are denoted by "u/c" and may or may not be listed by date.[1]

No. Date/time Aircraft Foe Result Location Notes
1
2
3 23 October 1918
@ 13:00 hours
SE.5a DFW two-seater Destroyed South of Pont du Nord Victory shared with James Robb, William Reed, Evander Shapard, Thomas Stanley Horry, and four other pilots
4 27 October 1918
@ 07:35 hours
SE.5a German two-seater Destroyed Two miles east of Le Quesnoy Shared victory
5 29 October 1918
@ 16:05 hours
SE.5a DFW two-seater Destroyed Favril Victory shared with Oren Rose, two other pilots

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "James Victor Gascoyne". The Aerodrome. 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Orange, Vincent (1990). Coningham : a biography of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. Chatham, Kent: Mackays of Chatham. pp. 26–27. ISBN 0413145808. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Parker, John (2013). Strike Command. Hachette UK. ISBN 9781472202598. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "No. 30815". The London Gazette. 26 July 1918. p. 8901. 
  5. ^ "No. 31486". The London Gazette. 1 August 1919. p. 9871. 
  6. ^ "No. 32554". The London Gazette. 20 December 1921. p. 10373. 
  7. ^ "No. 34960". The London Gazette. 4 October 1940. pp. 5837–5838. 
  8. ^ "No. 35283". The London Gazette. 23 September 1941. pp. 5527–5528. 
  9. ^ "No. 35855". The London Gazette. 5 January 1943. p. 221. 
  10. ^ "No. 36329". The London Gazette. 11 January 1944. p. 291. 
  11. ^ "No. 31170". The London Gazette. 7 February 1919. p. 2039.