James Wayne (R&B musician)
|Birth name||James Douglas Wayne|
|Also known as||James Waynes
Wee Willie Wayne
March 3, 1920|
Houston, Texas, United States
|Years active||c. 1950 – early 1960s|
|Labels||Sittin' In With, Imperial, Aladdin, Peacock, Angletone|
James Douglas Wayne (born 3 March 1920, possibly deceased), who recorded in the 1950s and early 1960s as James Waynes, James Wayne, and Wee Willie Wayne, is an American rhythm and blues singer, songwriter and musician. He had a no.2 hit on the Billboard R&B chart in 1951 with the song "Tend To Your Business", and that year also recorded one of the earliest versions of the widely-performed song "Junco Partner".
Details of his life are obscure. He was born in Houston, Texas, although some sources state his birthplace as New Orleans. He claimed to have undertaken training as a commando, and spent time in jail around 1950 for burglary, before becoming a musician. He sang, played guitar, and reportedly also played drums.
He is believed to have first recorded in Houston, for the "Sittin' in with" record label started by Bob Shad. His recording of "Tend To Your Business" became a hit in 1951, and stayed on the R&B chart for 14 weeks. He followed it up with "Junco Partner (Worthless Man)" in 1952, recorded by Shad in Atlanta, Georgia. According to musician Mac Rebennack (Dr. John), Waynes' version made the song popular, although it was already widely known among musicians in New Orleans and elsewhere, as: "the anthem of the dopers, the whores, the pimps, the cons. It was a song they sang in Angola, the state prison farm, and the rhythm was even known as the 'jailbird beat'." In all, he recorded five singles for the "Sittin' in with" label, the first three credited to James Waynes, with a final "s".
Wayne then recorded with Lee Allen and other musicians for Imperial Records in New Orleans, before moving to the Aladdin label in Los Angeles, and then Old Town Records. He returned to Imperial in 1955, when he began to record as Wee Willie Wayne. One of his recordings there was "Travelin' Mood", which became another R&B standard recorded by Dr. John and others; the B-side was "I Remember", another classic recording. He also recorded for the Peacock and Angletone labels, before, in 1961, returning again to Imperial where he re-recorded an updated version of "Tend To Your Business", as part of an album, Travelin' Mood, mostly made up of earlier recordings.
He did not record after 1961. In February 1967, he was arrested after setting fire to a motel in South Central Los Angeles following an argument with its manager, and was charged on three felony counts. He was found to have had a history of alcoholism, and to be suffering from paranoid schizophrenia, and was committed to a mental health institution. His claims of having been a successful musician were initially disbelieved by the authorities. He spent several years in the Atascadero State Mental Hospital in the early 1970s, before being released. In 1975 he was reportedly living in Los Angeles, but his later life is unknown.
- "Gypsy Blues" / "Millionaire Blues" (Sittin' In With 573, 1950)
- "Tend To Your Business" / "Love Me Blues" (Sittin' In With 588, 1951)
- "Junco Partner" / "Trying To Find A Girl" (Sittin' In With 607, 1951)
- "I'm Goin' To Tell Your Mother" / "Please Baby Please" (Sittin' In With 622, 1951)
- "Money Blues" / "Bull Corn" (Sittin' In With 639, 1952)
- "Bad Weather Blues" / "A Two Faced Man" (Imperial 5160, 1952)
- "Ageable Woman" / "Vacant Pillow Blues" (Imperial 5166, 1952)
- "I'm In Love With You" / "Sweet Little Woman" (Imperial 5258, 1953)
- "All The Drinks Are Gone" / "My Greatest Love" (Aladdin 3231, 1954)
- "Lonely Room" / "Crying In Vain" (Aladdin 3234, 1954)
- "Travelin' Mood" / "I Remember" (Imperial 5355, 1955)
- "Kinfolks" / "Good News" (Imperial 5368, 1955)
- "Please Be Mine" / "Yes I Do" (Peacock 1672, 1957)
- "The Trust" / ? (Angle-Tone, ?)
- "Travelin' Mood" / "Sweet Little Woman" (Imperial 5725, 1961)
- "I Got To Be Careful" / "Woman I'm Tired" (Imperial 5737, 1961)
- Travelin' Mood (Imperial 9144, 1961)
- Travelin' From Texas To New Orleans (Sundown, 1980 compilation)
- The People Versus James Douglas Wayne, at Borenstein's Law, 13 August 2006. Retrieved 5 April 2013
- Profile of James "Wee Willie" Wayne at Black Cat Rockabilly. Retrieved 4 April 2013
- Biography by Rovi at Allmusic.com. Retrieved 4 April 2013
- Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–1995. Record Research. p. 473.
- Liner notes to Dr. John's Gumbo, reprinted at barewires blog. Retrieved 4 April 2013
- Sittin' In With Records discography. Retrieved 4 April 2013
- The Forgotten Wee Willie Wayne at I Write The Songs. Retrieved 5 April 2013
- John Broven, Rhythm and blues in New Orleans, Pelican Publishing, 1988, p.177
- Sundown Records Discography. Retrieved 7 April 2013