James William Cleland
He was born in Glasgow in 1874, the son of Charles Cleland, a manufacturer. He was educated at the Glasgow Academy before moving south to complete his education at Balliol College, Oxford, where he graduated with honours in the School of Jurisprudence. In 1897, whilst at University he became President of the Oxford Union.
|Conservative||Charles Scott Dickson||5,032|
|Liberal||James William Cleland||4,041|
He returned to London and soon became active in politics in London and in 1901 he was elected to the London County Council for the Liberal backed Progressive Party, representing Lewisham. As part of the ruling administration, he was appointed Chairman of Parks and Establishment Committees. In 1903 he stood for parliament as Liberal candidate at the Lewisham by-election, finishing second;
|Liberal||James William Cleland||5,697|
After this unsuccessful attempt, he was re-elected in 1904 to the London County Council, again for Lewisham. In 1906 he again returned to his native Glasgow to contest the 1906 General Election as Liberal candidate for Bridgeton and was elected;
|Liberal||James William Cleland||5,585||58.2|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Charles Scott Dickson||4,019||41.8|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
In 1907 he did not seek re-election to the London County Council so that he could concentrate on his parliamentary duties. After one full parliamentary term, he sought re-election and was successful;
|Liberal||James William Cleland||5,336|
|Conservative||Patrick Keith Lang||3,539|
He chose not to defend his seat at the December 1910 General Election and did not stand for parliament again.
He remained single throughout his life and died in 1914 at the age of 40.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
Who's Who; http://www.ukwhoswho.com
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by James William Cleland
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Glasgow Bridgeton
Alexander MacCallum Scott