James William Marshall

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This article is about James William Marshall. For James Wilson Marshall (who started the California Gold Rush), see James Wilson Marshall.
James William Marshall
James William Marshall, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1865-1880.jpg
24th United States Postmaster General
In office
July 3, 1874 – August 24, 1874
Preceded by John Creswell
Succeeded by Marshall Jewell
Personal details
Born August 14, 1822
Wilson, Virginia, USA
Died February 5, 1910(1910-02-05) (aged 87)
Washington, D.C., USA
Political party Republican
Profession Politician

James William Marshall (August 14, 1822 – February 5, 1910) was a United States Postmaster General under President Ulysses S. Grant as well as a government administrator in several capacities for presidents Lincoln, Grant, and Hayes. Marshall was the third to last surviving cabinet member of the Grant Administration.

Early life, marriage, and career[edit]

James William Marshall was born in Clarke County, Virginia, on August 14, 1822. His mother was Susan Oreah Marshall and his father was James Pede. His grandfather was Rush Marshall. [1] Marshall attended schools at Clarke and Fauquier Counties until 1837. The same year Marshall was removed to Mount Sterling, Kentucky where he was engaged in business. [1] Marshall graduated from Dickinson College, located at Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1848. [1] After graduation Marshall served as adjunct Professor of Ancient Languages at Dickinson College from 1848 to 1850. Marshall married Jane Stephenson of Carlisle in 1850. Marshall then served as full Professor of Ancient Languages chairmanship from 1850 to 1862. [1]

United States Consul[edit]

At the outbreak of the Civil War Marshal was appointed United States Consul to Leeds, England by President Abraham Lincoln serving four years from 1861 to 1865. [1]

First Assistant Postmaster General (1869-1874)[edit]

In 1869 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Marshall First Assistant Postmaster General serving until 1874.

U.S. Postmaster-General (1874)[edit]

In July 1874 President Grant appointed Marshall Postmaster-General serving until the appointment of Marshall Jewell to Postmaster-General in the same year. James Marshall took the place of Postmaster-General John Creswell who had resigned office and was appointed by Grant in 1869. James Marshall served in office until September 1874. [1]

First Assistant Postmaster General (1874-1877)[edit]

Marshall was reappointed First Assistant Postmaster-General in 1874 after Marshall Jewell was appointed Postmaster-General the same year. James Marshall continued service until 1877 at the close of the Grant Administration. [1]

Later career[edit]

Marshall was appointed General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service by Postmaster General Key serving under President Rutherford B. Hayes. [2] Afterwards Marshall retired from political and public life. [1]


On February 5, 1910 Marshall died in Washington D.C. caused by general debility. [2] Marshall was the third to last surviving cabinet member of President Ulysses S. Grant.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h BDOA 1906, p. 285.
  2. ^ a b NYT 02-06-1910.


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John A. J. Creswell
United States Postmaster General
Served under: Ulysses S. Grant

July 3, 1874 – August 24, 1874
Succeeded by
Marshall Jewell