James J. Yee (Chinese: 余百康 or 余优素福, also known by the Arabic name Yusuf Yee) (born c. 1968) is an American former United States Army chaplain with the rank of captain. He is best known for being subject to an intense investigation by the United States, but all charges were later dropped.
Yee, a Chinese American, was born in New Jersey and raised in Springfield Township, where he attended Jonathan Dayton High School. Yee graduated from West Point in 1990. Shortly afterward, he converted from Lutheran Christianity to Islam in 1991, undergoing religious training in Syria and meeting his wife Huda, a Palestinian, with whom he now has one child.
In his appointed role as chaplain, Yee ministered to Muslim detainees held at Guantánamo Bay detention camp and received commendation from his superiors for his work. When returning from duty at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, he was arrested on September 10, 2003, in Jacksonville, Florida, when a U.S. Customs agent found a list of Guantanamo detainees and interrogators among his belongings. He was charged with five offenses: sedition, aiding the enemy, spying, espionage, and failure to obey a general order. These charges were later reduced to mishandling classified information in addition to some minor charges. He was then transferred to a United States Navy brig in Charleston, South Carolina. The government did not name the country or entity for whom it suspected Yee was spying.
All court-martial charges against Yee were dropped on March 19, 2004, with Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller "citing national security concerns that would arise from the release of the evidence," and he was released to resume his duties. Yee was then accused of adultery and storing pornography on a government computer; and non-judicial punishment under Article 15, UCMJ was imposed. His appeal to General James T. Hill, Commander, United States Southern Command, was granted in April 2004. He left the US military with an honorable discharge in January, but he is still seeking an apology.
Yee was a sometime supervisor of a former US Air Force Airman, who was subsequently court-martialed for his misconduct, but charges were dropped against him.
In October 2005 Yee published his book, For God and Country: Faith and Patriotism Under Fire. In it, Yee described an escalating series of problems, including the role he says was played by Adolph McQueen, then the commander of the Joint Detention Group. Yee wrote that he was kept in solitary confinement for seventy-six days, and that he was forced to undergo sensory deprivation. He also wrote that General Geoffrey Miller routinely incited the guards to hate the detainees. He alleges being told of mistreatment of prisoners. Yee argues that most of the detainees had little or no intelligence value about Osama bin Laden or al-Qaida's inner circle:
The people down in Guántanamo probably know as much about Osama bin Laden and al-Qaida as any private in the military would know what's going on inside the Pentagon.
In July 2006, Yee was stopped at the border while returning from a trip to Vancouver, British Columbia, to see Cirque du Soleil. It was Yee's first trip outside the U.S. since he was discharged from the army. He was detained at the border for 75 minutes. Yee commented, "Perhaps this is an indication I'm still of interest to the federal government."
On October 19, 2007, Syrian television broadcast its interview with Yee, in Arabic, where he discussed Koran desecration on the part of the U.S. military.
In December 2007, Yee made a statement on Australian Guantanamo Bay inmate David Hicks, who he regularly counselled while working at Guantanamo Bay. He said that he did not feel Hicks was a threat to Australia, and that "Any American soldier who has been through basic training has had 50 times more training than this guy."
Yee was a delegate to the 2008 Democratic National Convention from the 9th Congressional District of the state of Washington, pledged to support Barack Obama, and actually cast a nominating ballot.
Yee has spoken about what he witnessed at the U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to audiences around the world.
- Rivera, Ray. "A Rising Star", The Seattle Times, January 9, 2005. Accessed April 7, 2008. "Jimmy, as his parents called him, grew up Lutheran in the small New Jersey town of Springfield."
- Fonda, Daren. "Were They Aiding The Enemy?", Time (magazine), September 28, 2003. Accessed November 19, 2007. "One of five children born to devout Chinese Lutherans, Jimmy, as he was known at Jonathan Dayton High School in Springfield, N.J., was a champion wrestler, an ace student and "a low-maintenance guy," according to his coach."
- The Ordeal of Chaplain Lee
- "Military’s "espionage" case against Guantanamo chaplain collapses". World Socialist Web Site. 2003-12-17. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
- "James Yee: an unlikely enemy of the state". The Portland Alliance. 2006-01-08. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
- "Muslim chaplain proposes to resign", by James Polk and Bob Franken, CNN, 5 May 2004
- "Charges dismissed in Yee case", United States Southern Command Public Affairs Office, 19 March 2004
- Yee, James (2005). For God And Country: Faith and Patriotism Under Fire. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-369-2.
- James Yee, Aimee Molloy (2005-10-10). "For God and country: faith and patriotism under fire". Perseus Books Group. ISBN 978-1-58648-369-2. Retrieved 2010-01-18.
- For God and country, pages 74, 107, 119
- "The Strange Case of Chaplain Yee". The New York Review of Books. 2005-12-15. Retrieved 2008-05-01. "reprinted". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). 2005-12-23. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- "Former Army Chaplain Is Stopped at Border". The New York Times. 2006-07-24. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
- Former Muslim Chaplain of Guantanamo Prison, James Yee, Tells of the Desecration of the Koran during Interrogation, transcript, Middle East Media Research Institute, October 19, 2007
- Tom Miletic (2007-12-31). "Hicks not a threat: chaplain". ABC Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation).
- "Ex-Army chaplain cleared in Gitmo spy case is Obama delegate", Associated Press published on Yahoo News, 2008-05-20, retrieved 2008-05-20.
- Nazry Bahrawi (2008-11-22). "INSIDE GUANTANAMO BAY". Singapore Today. Retrieved 2008-11-27.[dead link] mirror
- Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly Deborah Potter interview PBS October 7, 2005
- Fmr. Army Chaplain James Yee on the Abuse of Prisoners at Guantánamo, His Wrongful Imprisonment and Anti-Muslim Sentiment in the Military - Democracy Now (audio/video) (1 hour)
- The Strange Case of Chaplain Yee, New York Review of Books (December 15, 2005)
- Suspicion in the Ranks, Seattle Times This link is no longer valid.
- 余上尉父母纽约筹款 chinapressnewyork.com.
- Mercury News article on the dropping of charges against Yee
- USA Today cover story on the dropping of charges
- The Ordeal of Chaplain Yee USA Today. (May 16, 2004)
- Muslim U.S. Army Chaplain Resigning, Wants Apology, Reuters. (Aug 3, 2004)
- How Dubious Evidence Spurred Relentless Guantánamo Spy Hunt, New York Times. (Dec 19, 2004)
- Muslim Chaplain Recalls Guantánamo Ordeal, Newsday, October 4, 2005 (or 
- American Muslim Armed Forces and Veteran Affairs Council (AMAF and VAC)
- Download MP3 or listen to James Yee interviewed by The Progressive magazine
- Appearances on C-SPAN