James v United Kingdom

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James v United Kingdom
6th Duke of Westminster Allan Warren.jpg
Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster
Court European Court of Human Rights
Citation(s) [1986] ECHR 2, (1986) 8 EHRR 123
Land, compulsory purchase, right to buy

James v United Kingdom [1986] ECHR 2 is an English land law case, concerning the former right to buy a home from one's landlord.


Trustees of a substantial estate under the will of Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, including Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, argued they and had been deprived of their ownership of a number of properties that contravened their human right to property under ECHR Protocol 1, article 1. Tenants had exercised statutory right to buy their property, which was formerly part of Grosvenor's estates in Mayfair and Belgravia in London. The exercise by tenants of those properties of rights of acquisition was conferred by the Leasehold Reform Act 1967.


The European Court of Human Rights held the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 did not breach the Convention since the Act is within the limits that a national legislature has in implementing social policies.

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