Jamestown, Kansas

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Jamestown, Kansas
City
Welcome sign, north of town (2011)
Welcome sign, north of town (2011)
Location within Cloud County and Kansas
Location within Cloud County and Kansas
KDOT map of Cloud County (legend)
KDOT map of Cloud County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°36′0″N 97°51′42″W / 39.60000°N 97.86167°W / 39.60000; -97.86167Coordinates: 39°36′0″N 97°51′42″W / 39.60000°N 97.86167°W / 39.60000; -97.86167
Country United States
State Kansas
County Cloud
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
 • Land 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,434 ft (437 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 286
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 277
 • Density 990/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66948
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-34975 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0473308 [5]

Jamestown is a city in Cloud County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 286.[6]

History[edit]

Jamestown was founded in 1878, and was incorporated as a city in 1883.[7] It was named for either Senator James Pomeroy,[8] or James P. Pomeroy, a railroad official.[9][10][11] A post office was opened in Alva (an extinct town) in 1871, but it was moved to Jamestown in 1878.[12] The town located itself on the Missouri Pacific Railroad.[13]

1911 fire[edit]

In 1911 the entire downtown business district was destroyed by a fire. Few records remain of that fire, but the townspeople subsequently rebuilt the downtown commercial district.[14]

2000 fire[edit]

History repeated itself on January 28, 2000 when another fire consumed several buildings on Main Street and spread to the city hall. And again, history repeated itself as the town rebuilt. Mayor Judy Hill stated, "A fire like that can destroy a small town, but instead it ignited a community spirit here." In a few days, Jamestown was having town meetings to make plans for the future.[15]

Rebuilding town[edit]

The funeral home in Jamestown was selected as the temporary city office and meeting place. More than 50 people (out of a population of 307 at the time) came to town meetings there and the citizens organized into several committees to begin work.

Today, Jamestown has a new community center with daycare facilities and a thriving downtown activities center with a health clinic, public library, and several businesses.[15]

Geography[edit]

Jamestown is located at 39°36′0″N 97°51′42″W / 39.60000°N 97.86167°W / 39.60000; -97.86167 (39.600031, -97.861759).[16] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 101
1890 372 268.3%
1900 400 7.5%
1910 462 15.5%
1920 495 7.1%
1930 507 2.4%
1940 490 −3.4%
1950 494 0.8%
1960 422 −14.6%
1970 470 11.4%
1980 440 −6.4%
1990 325 −26.1%
2000 399 22.8%
2010 286 −28.3%
Est. 2016 277 [3] −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 286 people, 126 households, and 84 families residing in the city. The population density was 986.2 inhabitants per square mile (380.8/km2). There were 148 housing units at an average density of 510.3 per square mile (197.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 126 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.71.

The median age in the city was 40.6 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 399 people, 139 households, and 92 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,391.4 people per square mile (531.2/km²). There were 169 housing units at an average density of 589.3 per square mile (225.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.24% White, 0.25% Asian, and 2.51% from two or more races.

There were 139 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 23.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,167, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $25,313 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,641. About 9.2% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Jamestown United States Post Office, in 2011

Jamestown is mostly a small agricultural community. There is a local bank that services accounts through the area. Through local efforts and federal funding, a community center, activities center, and public library have been added to the downtown area. A large number of residents complete their shopping in nearby Concordia, Kansas.

The opening day of hunting season brings an influx of people who enjoy small bird game hunting. Also, the nearby Jamestown Wildlife Area (commonly called "Jamestown Lake") provides fishing for local anglers seeking small fish such as perch, crappie, and bass.

Education[edit]

In 1911, local residents of Jamestown transferred some property to School District 32 to create the Jamestown Schools. Kansas public schools underwent reorganization and in 1962, the "old" school district 32 entered a Quit Claim Deed and transferred the property to Unified School District #333. The Jamestown School provided classes for grades 1-12 in one building and also maintained a second building for industrial arts classes. The school also kept a playground and athletic field.

Jamestown maintained a public school until the junior high school and high school was closed in 1980. The elementary school was closed in 1983. The student population was always considered small compared to many other area public schools, and in the later years the enrollment fell to an average of between only six and eight students per grade level. Jamestown residents are served by the Concordia school district USD #333.

Records from October 1984 show a Resolution to Transfer the property from USD #333 back to the City of Jamestown. The main building has been demolished and only the gym stands today.

Jamestown High School athletic teams were known as the Jamestown Jayhawks and competed in the Pike Trail League, primarily made up of small local schools in the area. Students participated in 8-man football, volleyball, basketball, and track & field.[17]

Jamestown Community College in the state of New York also claims the same mascot and are called the Jamestown Jayhawks, but the relationship is merely coincidence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History. Standard Publishing Company. p. 20. 
  8. ^ Hollibaugh, E. F. (1903). Biographical History of Cloud County, Kansas: Biographies of Representative Citizens. Illustrated with Portraits of Prominent People, Cuts of Homes, Stock, Etc. Wilson, Humphrey & Company. p. 736. 
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 163. 
  10. ^ "Profile for Jamestown, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 168. 
  12. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  13. ^ Gannett, Henry (1898). A Gazetteer of Kansas. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118. 
  14. ^ Huck Boyd National Institute for Rural Development
  15. ^ a b Huck Boyd, cont.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ Unified School District #333

External links[edit]

City
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