The party has been "dominant in the Punjab and in regions of Sind" where the veneration of saints is "particularly popular" -- especially in rural areas and among newly urbanized poor. Like the ulema of the Deobandi and Ahl-i-Hadith, Barelwi religious leaders "fight for sharia law to be applied throughout the country".
It was part of the right-wing Islamic Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal alliance, that won 11.3% of the popular vote and 53 out of 272 elected members in the 20 October 2002 legislativePakistani elections, and 2.21% of the popular vote and 7 out of 272 elected members in the 18 February 2008 elections. On 12 May 2009 JUP became one of eight parties of the Barelvi school of thought to form the Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) to "fight the growing Talibanisation in the country". In the 2013 elections Sunni Ittehad Council received just 0.08% of the popular vote and no seats in parliament. Both the Mutthuda Majlis-e-Amal and Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Niazi) received less than 100 votes nationwide (0.00% of the popular vote).