Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

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Legislative Assembly of Jammu & Kashmir
(Vidhan Sabha of Jammu & Kashmir)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1957
Leadership
Speaker of the Assembly
Deputy Speaker of the Assembly
Leader of Assembly(Chief Minister)
Mehbooba Mufti, MLA (Anantnag) [1], JK PDP
Deputy Leader of Assembly(Deputy Chief Minister)
Opposition Leader
Structure
Seats 89 (87 elected; 2 nominated)
Jammu and kashmir legislative assembly.svg
Political groups
JK PDP (28)
BJP (25)
JK NC (15)
INC (12)
JK PC (2)
CPI(M) (1)
JK PDF[disambiguation needed] (1)
Independent (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2014

The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir (also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature. It has 87 members.

History[edit]

The first legislature of the kingdom that is now the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was established by the government of the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh in 1934.[2] However, it was considered undemocratic and unrepresentative by a majority of the population of the kingdom owing to the restrictions on the participation of political parties such as the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference led by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja's role was restricted to that of a Rajpramukh (head of state). With free democratic elections held for the first time in the state's history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became the head of government. In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature.[2]

Composition[edit]

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[2] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that were occupied by Pakistan in 1947.[2][3][4] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution.[2][4] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[2][4] Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.

The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats and the Ladakh region has 4 seats.[5]

Two women may be nominated as members by the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir if he is of the opinion that women are not adequately represented.[2]

Tenure and functions[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a six-year term. The seats are filled by direct election. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the six-year term by the Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The Governor may also convene special sessions of both houses of the state legislature.

Office bearers[edit]

The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.

Members[edit]

AC No AC Name Hon'ble Member of Legislative Assembly Party Status
1 Karnah RAJA MANZOOR AHMAD Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
2 Kupwara BASHIR AHMAD DAR Jammu & Kashmir People Conference
3 Lolab Abdul Haq Khan Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Rural Dev & Panchayati Raj & Law Justice
4 Handwara Sajjad Lone Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference Minister for Social Welfare, ARI, Training
5 Langate Abdul Rashid Sheikh Independent
6 Uri MOHAMMAD SHAFI Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
7 Rafiabad YAWAR AHMAD MIR Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
8 Sopore ABDUL RASHID DAR Indian National Congress
9 Gurez NAZIR AHMAD KHAN Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
10 Bandipora USMAN ABDUL MAJID Indian National Congress
11 Sonawari Mohammad Akbar Lone Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
12 Sangrama Basharat Ahmed Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Relief and Rehab
13 Baramulla Javid Hassan Baig Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
14 Gulmarg Mohammad Abass Wani Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
15 Pattan Imran Raza Ansari Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for IT, Technology, Education, Youth Affairs & Sports
16 Kangan ALTAF AHMAD Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
17 Ganderbal ISHFAQ AHMAD SHEIKH Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
18 Hazratbal Asia Naqash Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party MoS for Housing, UD, Social Welfare, Health, Medical Education.
19 Zadibal ABID HUSSAIN ANSARI Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
20 Eidgah MUBARIK AHMAD GUL Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
21 Khanyar ALI MOHD SAGAR Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
22 Habba kadal SHAMIM FIRDOUS Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
23 Amira kadal SYED MOHAMMAD ALTAF BUKHARI Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
24 Sonawar MOHAMMAD ASHRAF MIR Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
25 Batmaloo NOOR MOHD SHEIKH Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
26 Chadoora JAVAID MUSTAFA MIR Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
27 Budgam Aga Syed Ruhullah Mehdi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
28 Beerwah Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
29 Khan Sahib Hakeem Mohammad Yaseen Shah Jammu And Kashmir People Democratic Front (Secular)
30 Chrar-i-sharief Ghulam Nabi Lone Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Agriculture Production
31 Tral MUSHTAQ AHMAD SHAH Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
32 Pampore ZAHOOR AHMAD MIR Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party MoS
33 Pulwama MOHD. KHALIL BAND Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
34 Rajpora Haseeb Drabu Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Finance,Culture, Labour, Employment
35 Wachi AIJAZ AHMAD MIR Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
36 Shopian MOHD YOUSUF BHAT Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
37 Noorabad ABDUL MAJID PADDER Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
38 Kulgam Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami Communist Party of India (Marxist)
39 Hom Shali Bugh AB. MAJEED Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
40 Anantnag Mehbooba Mufti[6] Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Chief Minister
41 Devsar MOHAMMAD AMIN BHAT Indian National Congress
42 Dooru SYED FAROOQ AHMAD ANDRABI Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party MoS
43 Kokernag ABDUL RAHIM RATHER Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
44 Shangus GULZAR AHMAD WANI Indian National Congress
45 Bijbehara Abdul Rehman Bhat Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Roads and Buildings
46 Pahalgam Altaf Ahmad Wani Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
47 Nubra DELDAN NAMGAIL Indian National Congress
48 Leh Nawang Rigzin Jora Indian National Congress
49 Kargil Asgar Ali Karbalai Indian National Congress
50 Zanskar SYED MOHAMMAD BAQIR RIZVI Independent
51 Kishtwar Sunil Kumar Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
52 Inderwal GHULAM MOHD SAROORI Indian National Congress
53 Doda Shakti Raj Bharatiya Janata Party
54 Bhaderwah DALEEP SINGH Bharatiya Janata Party
55 Ramban NEELAM KUMAR LANGEH Bharatiya Janata Party
56 Banihal VIKAR RASOOL WANI Indian National Congress
57 Gulab Garh MUMTAZ AHMED Indian National Congress
58 Reasi AJAY NANDA Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
59 Gool Arnas AJAZ AHMED KHAN Indian National Congress
60 Udhampur PAWAN KUMAR GUPTA Independent
61 Chenani DINA NATH Bharatiya Janata Party
62 Ram Nagar RANBIR SINGH PATHANIA Bharatiya Janata Party
63 Bani JEWAN LAL Bharatiya Janata Party
64 Basohli Lal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister for Forest, Ecology & Env.
65 Kathua RAJIV JASROTIA Bharatiya Janata Party
66 Billawar DR. Nirmal Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Deputy CM; Minister for Power, Housing, Urban Dev
67 Hira Nagar KULDEEP RAJ Bharatiya Janata Party
68 Samba Dr. Devinder Kumar Manyal Bharatiya Janata Party
69 Vijaypur Chander Prakash Ganga Bharatiya Janata Party Minister for Industries and Commerce
70 Nagrota DEVENDER SINGH RANA Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
71 Gandhi Nagar KAVINDER GUPTA Bharatiya Janata Party
72 Jammu East Rajesh Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
73 Jammu West Sat Paul Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
74 Bishnah KAMAL VERMA Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
75 Ranbir Singhpura Dr. Gagan Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party
76 Suchet Garh Sham Lal Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister for Public Health & Engg., Irrigation
77 Marh SUKHNANDAN KUMAR Bharatiya Janata Party
78 Raipur Domana Bali Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party Minister for Health and Education
79 Akhnoor Rajeev Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
80 Chhamb Dr. Kirshan Lal Bharatiya Janata Party
81 Nowshera RAVINDER RAINA Bharatiya Janata Party
82 Darhal Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Minister for Consumer Affairs, Public Distribution and Tribal Affairs
83 Rajouri Qamar Hussain Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
84 Kala kote Abdul Ghani Kohli Bharatiya Janata Party Minister
85 Surankote CH MOHD AKRAM Indian National Congress
86 Mendhar JAVED AHMED RANA Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
87 Poonch Haveli SHAH MOHD TANTRAY Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
88 Nominated Priya Sethi Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
89 Nominated Anjum Fazili Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party [7]

Attack on the State Assembly Complex[edit]

On 1 October 2001 armed terrorists belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers .[8][9]

Political parties[edit]

e • d Summary of the November–December 2014 Jammu and Kashmir state assembly election results
Party Flag Seats +/–
People's Democratic Party Flag of the JKPDP.png 28 Increase7
Bharatiya Janata Party 25 Increase14
National Conference JKNC-flag.svg 15 Decrease13
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 12 Decrease5
Jammu & Kashmir People's Conference 2 Increase2
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M-flag.svg 1 0
People's Democratic Front 1
Independents 3 Decrease1
Total (turnout 60.5%) 87
Source: Electoral Commission of India

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://indianexpress.com/videos/news-video/jammu-and-kashmircm-mehbooba-mufti-takes-oath-as-mla-2886106/
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2m³010-08-29.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ "Delimitation adds seats to PoK quota". Times of India. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (pdf). National Informatics Centre. 
  5. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/now-bjp-hopes-for-44-plus-in-jammu-and-kashmir-536581?pfrom=home-otherstories
  6. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti wins Anantnag by-election by 11,500 votes - The Economic Times". Retrieved 2016-06-25. 
  7. ^ http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/fazili-sethi-nominated-as-mlas/
  8. ^ Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
  9. ^ AN AUDACIOUS STRIKE, Frontline (magazine), 2001-10-13