Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

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Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
History
Founded 1957
Leadership
Satya Pal Malik
Since 23 August 2018
Speaker
Nirmal Kumar Singh, BJP
Since 30 April 2018
Deputy Speaker
Nazir Ahmad Khan, JKNC
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Deputy Leader of the House (Deputy Chief Minister)
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Structure
Seats 89 (87 + 2 Nominated)
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly (Jun 2018).svg
Political groups

Directly Elected Members (87)

Others (2)

     Nominated (2)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
25 November to 20 December 2014
Website
http://www.jklegislativeassembly.nic.in/
Constitution
Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir

The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature. It has 87 members.

History[edit]

Praja Sabha[edit]

The first legislature of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, called the Praja Sabha, was established by the government of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934.[1]

The first election in 1934 saw the Muslim Conference capture 14 out of the 21 seats reserved for Muslims. The National Conference boycotted the 1947 election.[2]

Post-accession[edit]

After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja had to cede powers to a popular government headed by Sheikh Abdullah. With free democratic elections held for the first time in the state's history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became an elected head of government.

In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature.[1]

Composition[edit]

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[1] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that were occupied by Pakistan in 1947.[1][3][4] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution.[1][4] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[1][4] Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.

The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats and the Ladakh region has 4 seats.[5]

Two women may be nominated as members by the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir if he is of the opinion that women are not adequately represented.[1]

Tenure and functions[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a six-year term. The seats are filled by direct election. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the six-year term by the Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The Governor may also convene special sessions of both houses of the state legislature.

Office bearers[edit]

The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.

Members[edit]

AC No AC Name Members Party
1 Karnah Raja Manzoor Ahmad JKPDP
2 Kupwara Bashir Ahmad Dar JKPC
3 Lolab Abdul Haq Khan JKPDP
4 Handwara Sajjad Lone JKPC
5 Langate Abdul Rashid Sheikh Independent
6 Uri Mohammad Shafi JKNC
7 Rafiabad Yawar Ahmad Mir JKPDP
8 Sopore Abdul Rashid Dar INC
9 Gurez Nazir Ahmad Khan JKNC
10 Bandipora Usman Abdul Majid INC
11 Sonawari Mohammad Akbar Lone JKNC
12 Sangrama Basharat Ahmed JKPDP
13 Baramulla Javid Hassan Baig JKPDP
14 Gulmarg Mohammad Abass Wani JKPDP
15 Pattan Imran Raza Ansari JKPDP
16 Kangan Altaf Ahmad JKNC
17 Ganderbal Ishfaq Ahmad Sheikh JKNC
18 Hazratbal Asia Naqash JKPDP
19 Zadibal Abid Hussain Ansari JKPDP
20 Eidgah Mubarik Ahmad Gul JKNC
21 Khanyar Ali Mohd Sagar JKNC
22 Habba Kadal Shamim Firdous JKNC
23 Amira Kadal Syed Mohammad Altaf Bukhari JKPDP
24 Sonawar Mohammad Ashraf Mir JKPDP
25 Batmaloo Noor Mohd Sheikh JKPDP
26 Chadoora Javaid Mustafa Mir JKPDP
27 Budgam Aga Syed Ruhullah Mehdi JKNC
28 Beerwah Omar Abdullah JKNC
29 Khan Sahib Hakeem Mohammad Yaseen Shah JKPDF
30 Chrar-i-sharief Ghulam Nabi Lone JKPDP
31 Tral Mushtaq Ahmad Shah JKPDP
32 Pampore Zahoor Ahmad Mir JKPDP
33 Pulwama Mohammad Khalil Band JKPDP
34 Rajpora Haseeb Drabu JKPDP
35 Wachi, Shopian district Aijaz Ahmad Mir JKPDP
36 Shopian Mohammad Yousuf Bhat JKPDP
37 Noorabad Abdul Majid Padder JKPDP
38 Kulgam Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami CPI(M)
39 Hom Shali Bugh Ab. Majeed JKNC
40 Anantnag Mehbooba Mufti[6] JKPDP
41 Devsar Mohammad Amin Bhat INC
42 Dooru Syed Farooq Ahmad Andrabi JKPDP
43 Kokernag Abdul Rahim Rather JKPDP
44 Shangus Gulzar Ahmad Wani INC
45 Bijbehara Abdul Rehman Bhat JKPDP
46 Pahalgam Altaf Ahmad Wani JKNC
47 Nubra Deldan Namgail INC
48 Leh Nawang Rigzin Jora INC
49 Kargil Asgar Ali Karbalai INC
50 Zanskar Syed Mohammad Baqir Rizvi Independent
51 Kishtwar Sunil Kumar Sharma BJP
52 Inderwal Ghulam Mohd Saroori INC
53 Doda Shakti Raj BJP
54 Bhaderwah Daleep Singh BJP
55 Ramban Neelam Kumar Langeh BJP
56 Banihal Vikar Rasool Wani INC
57 Gulab Garh Mumtaz Ahmed INC
58 Reasi Ajay Nanda BJP
59 Gool Arnas Ajaz Ahmed Khan INC
60 Udhampur Pawan Kumar Gupta Independent
61 Chenani Dina Nath BJP
62 Ram Nagar Ranbir Singh Pathania BJP
63 Bani Jewan Lal BJP
64 Basohli Lal Singh BJP
65 Kathua Rajiv Jasrotia BJP
66 Billawar Nirmal Kumar Singh BJP
67 Hira Nagar Kuldeep Raj BJP
68 Samba Dr. Devinder Kumar Manyal BJP
69 Vijaypur Chander Prakash Ganga BJP
70 Nagrota Devender Singh Rana JKNC
71 Gandhi Nagar Kavinder Gupta BJP
72 Jammu East Rajesh Gupta BJP
73 Jammu West Sat Paul Sharma BJP
74 Bishnah Kamal Verma JKNC
75 Ranbir Singhpura Gagan Bhagat BJP
76 Suchet Garh Sham Lal Choudhary BJP
77 Marh Sukhnandan Kumar BJP
78 Raipur Domana Bali Bhagat BJP
79 Akhnoor Rajeev Sharma BJP
80 Chhamb Kirshan Lal BJP
81 Nowshera Ravinder Raina BJP
82 Darhal Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali JKPDP
83 Rajouri Qamar Hussain JKPDP
84 Kala Kote Abdul Ghani Kohli BJP
85 Surankote Ch Mohd Akram INC
86 Mendhar Javed Ahmed Rana JKNC
87 Poonch Haveli Shah Mohd Tantray JKPDP
88 Nominated Priya Sethi BJP
89 Nominated Anjum Fazili JKPDP[7]

Attack on the State Assembly Complex[edit]

On 1 October 2001, armed terrorists belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers.[8][9]

Political parties[edit]

e • d Summary of the November–December 2014 Jammu and Kashmir state assembly election results
Party Flag Seats
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Flag of the JKPDP.png 28
Bharatiya Janata Party 25
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC-flag.svg 15
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 12
Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference 2
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M-flag.svg 1
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Front 1
Independents 3
Total (turnout 60.5%) 87
Source: Electoral Commission of India

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  2. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/32675/7/07_chapter%203.pdf p.60, 69
  3. ^ "Delimitation adds seats to PoK quota". Times of India. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (pdf). National Informatics Centre. 
  5. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/now-bjp-hopes-for-44-plus-in-jammu-and-kashmir-536581?pfrom=home-otherstories
  6. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti wins Anantnag by-election by 11,500 votes - The Economic Times". Retrieved 2016-06-25. 
  7. ^ http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/fazili-sethi-nominated-as-mlas/
  8. ^ Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
  9. ^ AN AUDACIOUS STRIKE Archived 7 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine., Frontline (magazine), 2001-10-13

External links[edit]