Jammu and Kashmir Police

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Jammu & Kashmir Police
The patch of the Jammu & Kashmir Police Department.gif
The Jammu & Kashmir Police Patch
The seal of the Jammu & Kashmir Police Department.jpg
Logo of the Jammu & Kashmir Police
Common name JK Police
Abbreviation JKP
Motto A Saga of Sacrifice and Courage[1]
Agency overview
Formed 1873[2]
Employees 83,000 (Uniformed)[3]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Jammu & Kashmir, India
Map of J&K Highlighting JKP Jurisdiction.png
Map of Jammu & Kashmir Police Department's jurisdiction.
Size 85,806 square miles (222,240 km2)
Population 12,548,926
Legal jurisdiction Jammu & Kashmir
General nature • Local civilian agency

Peer Bagh, Srinagar (May to October)

Gulshan Ground, Jammu (November to April)

Director General of Police responsible
Parent agency Government of Jammu & Kashmir
Child agency
  • Home Department
Significant operation(s)
  • Law Enforcement
J & K Police sign, Basgo village, Ladakh

The Jammu and Kashmir Police or JKP, was established in 1873 and is the law enforcement agency, having primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the twenty two districts of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The department serves an area of 85,806 square miles (222,236 sq km) and a population of 12,548,926 people at the 2011 census. JKP works with the Indian Army, the Central Reserve Police Force, and other Paramilitary forces of India to keep the state secure from incursions from Pakistan.[6][7]

The J&K Police has prevented attacks in other Indian states by arresting terrorists en route from Pakistan.[8]


The first specific Jammu & Kashmir police force came into existence in the year 1873 with one police officer known as Kotwal and 14 Thanedars for Srinagar City. This police force would control crime and take care of law and order situations with help of Chowkidars and Harkars, who were paid by the population out of their annual agricultural produce on a voluntary basis.

It was in 1913 that the state requisitioned the service of an Imperial Police (IP) officer on deputation and appointed Mr Broadway as the first Inspector General of Police in June, 1913. He continued to be Police chief up to 1917 and was followed by other IP officers.

Since then the Police in J&K has undergone several re-organizations, The employee strength of Police in J&K in the year 1889-90 was 1040, which further rose to 1570 in the year 1903 and forty years later, in 1943-44, the strength of J&K Police was 3179 and at present it has exceeded 83000 mark.[9]

Organizational structure[edit]

Jammu and Kashmir Police comes under direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Jammu and Kashmir. The Jammu and Kashmir Police is headed by Director General of Police (DGP) who is always a senior IPS officer.[10]

Special agencies[edit]

  • Intelligence Unit (Crime Branch)
  • Commando Force
  • Security Battalion
  • Special Operations Group

See also[edit]