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Jam Nizamuddin (fort)
|Baloch, Sindhi and Siraiki|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Jamot are an old tribe living in Balochistan. The sub tribe of Jamot Rulers named created a kingdom in Lower Sindh, in Upper Sindh Shikarpur Sibi Kachhi of upper Balochistan and in Lasbela lower Balochistan and the Run of Kachchh(Gujrat) and in Multan(1351-1517). The ruling tribe Sammas were fiercely independent and rebelled against Delhi Sultanate. They reached the height of their power during the reign of Jam Nizamuddin II, the Jam Nindo (1461-1509) who is still recalled as a hero, and his rule as a golden age. The Capital of all the early dynasties was the city of Thatta. Jam Nizamuddin II or Jam Nindo, as he was affectionately known, ruled in golden age as the leader of the Jamot Dynasty from 866 to 1461. The rise of Thatta as an important commercial and cultural center was directly related to his patronage and policies.
During the rule of Kalhora kings the Abro and Airi tribe was ruling tribe of kachhi (Bhag) Mian Shah Ali better known as Sháhal Muhammad (the kalhora king) gives important job to Abro tribe in state and divided it among his children and brothers, and himself selected his residence in the village of Habíbání.
In the year 1142 A.H. (1729 A.D.) Murad Kaleri Baloch also known as Ganjah Baloch was appointed by Main Noor Mohammad Kalhoro as an agent in charge of Siwí, and brought into subjection powerful chiefs like Jafar Khan Magsí, the land owner of Ganjobah, Ali Mardan Abro and Ibrahim Khan Abro chiefs of Nausharo, Kachhi, Mahyan Eri and Lahná Machhi, big land owners of Bhag Nari, Kala Khan and other chiefs of the tribe of Barzoi.
Mián Núr Muhammad now commenced hostilities with Mír Abdulláh the Khan of Kalat, who was a Baloch Ruler and got the title of "The Eagle of Mountain" In 1143 A.H. (1730 A.D.). He marched and took the fort of Kartah from Mubárak Khán,
In 1144 A.H. (1731 A.D.) a force of Baloch, invaded the land of Káchhah and occupied that part of the country.
A period of expansion then commenced. Khan of Kalat Mir Ahmad Khan Baloch made successive descents on the plains of Sibi. Khan of Kalat Mir Samandar Khan Baloch extended his raids to Zhob, Bori, and Thal-Chotiali, and levied an annual sum of Rs. 40,000 from the Kalhoras.
Mir Abdullah was eventually slain in a fight with the Kalhoras at Jandrihar near Sanni in Kachhi. During the reign of Mir Abdullah's successor, Mir Muhabbat Khan Baloch, Nadir Shah rose to power; and The Ahmadzai Baloch ruler obtained through him in 1740 the cession of Kachhi, in compensation for the blood(khoonbaha) of Mir Abdullah Khan Baloch and the men who had fallen with him.