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Steel City, Pittsburgh of India, Steel Capital of India and Industrial Capital
|Senior Superintendent of Police||M Tamil Vanam (IPS)|
|Deputy Commissioner||Suraj Kumar (IAS)|
|Founded by||Jamsetji Tata|
|• Metropolis||224 km2 (86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||159 m (522 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
831001 to 831xxx
|Second languages||Kurmali, Odia, Santhali, Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tamil|
Jamshedpur or Tatanagar (//, pronunciation (help·info)) is a large metropolis city and also an Industrial city. It is one of the first planned cities (mainly due to the steel industry established here) of India and the most populous urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was founded by Jamsetji Tata, founder of Tata Groups in the 1900s, and was also named after him. It is the first planned industrial city in India. It is one of the most developed and fastest-growing cities. It is usually famous for its iron and steel industry. Apart from it, this city is also famous for vehicles, air and gases, information technology and many more industrial fields
Jamshedpur was ranked as the cleanest city of India in 2020 by Swach Survekshan 2020.Jamshedpur ranked as the 15th cleanest city in India by Swachh Survekshan 2019 and was 7th cleanest city of India in 2010. The city is also ranked as 2nd in India in terms of 'Quality of Life' and 84th fastest growing city in the world according to City Mayors Foundation.
It is the headquarters of the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and is the 36th – largest urban agglomeration. The city is located in nature's den in Chota Nagpur plateau, surrounded by the picturesque Dalma Hills and bordered by the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai.
In 1919 Lord Chelmsford named the city, which was earlier a village called Sakchi, to Jamshedpur in honour of its founder, Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata, whose birthday is celebrated on 3 March as Founder's Day. J. N. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata about his vision of a great city in the area. On Founders Day, which is 3 March, the 225-acre (0.91 km2) Jubilee Park is decorated with brilliant lightwork for about a week.
The city has several nicknames, including "Industrial capital of Jharkhand" (spontaneous among native youngsters); "Steel City" (which was referenced during Tata Steel's "Green City—Clean City—Steel City" campaign); "Tatanagar" after the name of its railway station or simply "Tata" in deference to the presence of Tata companies. At one time it was also known as "Kalimati" (meaning "Land of Black soil") after the village near the Sakchi area. Sakchi was renamed to Jamshedpur in 1919. The only trace of the name is the main road through Sakchi area of Jamshedpur which is named Kalimati Road.
At the end of the 19th century, Jamsetji Tata met steelmakers in Pittsburgh to get the most advanced technology for his plant. It is said that he got the idea of building a steel plant when he heard Thomas Carlyle declaring that "the nation which gains control of iron soon acquires the control of gold" in a lecture in Manchester. At the turn of the twentieth century, Jamshetji Tata asked geologist Charles Page Perin to help him find the site to build India's first steel plant. The search for a site rich in iron, coal, limestone and water began in April 1904 in today's Madhya Pradesh. Then Maharaja of Mayurbhanj State appointed in his court renowned geologist Shri Pramatha Nath Bose, who had been instrumental in setting up of the steel plant at Sakchi. Bose, on the request of the Maharaja of Mayurbhanj State, surveyed the Gorumahisani hills of Babanghati region of then Mayurbhanja state, and found Hematite deposit there. P. N. Bose insisted Jamsetji Tata choose Sakchi for his dream plant.
The prospectors C. M. Weld, Dorabji Tata and Shapurji Saklatvala took nearly three years in a painstaking search across vast stretches of inhospitable terrain to find a location. One day they came across a village called Sakchi, on the densely forested stretches of the Chota Nagpur plateau, near the confluence of the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers. It seemed to be the ideal choice and the place was selected.
Jamsetji's plan for the city was clear. He envisioned far more than a mere row of workers' hutments. He insisted upon building all the comforts and conveniences a city could provide. As a result, many areas in the city are well planned and there are public leisure places such as the Jubilee Park. While building the city, Jamsetji Tata had said, "Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens; reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks; earmark areas for Hindu temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches."
Messrs Julin Kennedy Sahlin from Pittsburgh prepared the first layout of the town of Jamshedpur. What the city looks like today is a testament to their visionary plans. Jamshedpur is a million-plus city in India with three municipal corporations i.e Jamshedpur Notified area committee, Jugsalai Municipal corporation and Mango Notified area committee.
In 1945 Tata Motors was setup here to start Tata Motors. It is now second largest major factory and industry in Jamshedpur. During the time of 1950s, especially in 1955 this city get popularity a lot. After the establishment of the Tata Steel and the Tata Motors. This city has get an increase in the population. By this it became a metropolis. During the time of 1940s, 50s, 60s, 70s to till now. Various industries have been setup in Jamshedpur
Legend has it that in the late 1980s when the state government proposed a law to end the Tatas' administration of Jamshedpur and bring the city under a municipality, the local populace rose in protest and defeated the government's proposal. In 2005, a similar proposal was once again put up by lobbying politicians. The target audience was the working class. A large majority sided with the government and set up protest meetings outside the East-Singhbhum Deputy Commissioner's office. However, the objective was never achieved and Jamshedpur remains without a municipality.
Jamshedpur is situated in the southern end of the state of Jharkhand and is bordered by the states of Odisha and West Bengal. The average elevation of the city is 135 metres while the range is from 129 m to 151 m. Total geographical area of Jamshedpur is 224 km square. Jamshedpur is primarily located in a hilly region and is surrounded by the Dalma Hills running from west to east and covered with dense forests. The other smaller hill ranges near the city are Ukam Hill and the Jadugoda-musabani hill range. The city is also a part of the larger Chota Nagpur Plateau region. The region is formed of the sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks belonging to the Dharwarian period.
Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha Rivers. Subarnarekha is the principal river of Jamshedpur, which flows from west to south-eastern part of the territory. Many small rivers, especially the tributaries, join the Subarnarekha river in this area. Kharkai flows from the south and joins the Subarnarekha river at a place called Domuhani. The two rivers are the major sources of drinking water and groundwater for the city. Several lakes of varying size are also located near the fringes of the city. The major of them being the Dimna lake located in between the Dalma range and the Sitarampur reservoir situated beside Kharkai river. It is also a major tourist spot in the region. Both of them also act as reservoirs for drinking water in the city.
Jamshedpur and it's surrounding regions is known for protecting elephants. Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary is 15 km away from city center. This place is known for protecting elephants. There is an elephant corridor in the whole Chota Nagpur Region. Gamharia also have a biosphere reserve region. Elephants migrate from Dalma to West Bengal. Other well known national parks and biosphere reserves near Jamshedpur are Gamharia - Chandil Range, Elephant Corridor, and Chandil - Dalmia Reserve.
Jamshedpur features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). Summers start in March and can be extremely hot in April and May. The temperature variation during the wet season is from 35 to 49 °C (95 to 120 °F). The minimum temperature during the dry season is 5 °C (41 °F). The climate of Jamshedpur is marked by south-west monsoon. Jamshedpur gets heavy rainfall from June to September and receives about 1,200 mm (47 in) of rainfall annually.
|Climate data for Jamshedpur, India (1981–2010, extremes 1924–2009)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.4
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||31.1
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0
|Average low °C (°F)||11.8
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||7.7
|Record low °C (°F)||3.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||11.6
|Average rainy days||1.3||1.6||1.8||2.6||5.2||10.5||15.4||15.7||11.3||4.3||1.0||0.7||71.4|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||57||47||40||42||52||70||80||81||79||73||68||65||63|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
The center of Jamshedpur has commercial areas and main areas. In central Jamshedpur, there is financial and business district. The famous landmarks in the center includes Jubilee Park and Tata Steel. Sakchi and Bistupur are the business and financial district. Center part is also the oldest part of the city. The Western of the city has the areas of Adityapur, Gamharia, and Sonari. Sonari is a residential and commercial neighborhood. While Adityapur and Gamharia are the major industrial neighborhood. Adityapur is also a city and a part of Jamshedpur Gamharia has an Industrial area namely Industrial Area, Gamharia. Adityapur has the Adityapur Industrial Area. Adityapur has the NIT Jamshedpur. The Southern of Jamshedpur contains of Jugsalai, Birsanagar, Kadma, Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera. Jugsalai is the commercial area which is known for the wholesale market. while Birsanagar, Kadma and Bagbera consists of residential and commercial hubs. Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera are the other main and major industrial areas of the city. Apart from north, whole areas of Jamshedpur has at least one industrial area.
Aashiana Gardens Sunflower Block is the tallest building in Jamshedpur. Which are 25 floors and approximately 100 meters. Other tall towers are TCE Building and Voltas House. In Jamshedpur, many hi-rise buildings are under construction now. Now the tallest building will be City Center II. Which will be built at Adityapur. This building will be of 60 floors. These tall buildings are mostly on the Central and Western side of the city. Jamshedpur has 10 - 25 floors of buildings.
There are five national highways crossing the city. Streets of Jamshedpur looks very beautiful in night. Maango Brodge is a famous bridge connects the city center to Maango. Marine Drive is a popular road and picturesque promenade in Jamshedpur. It starts from Sonari and connects Adityapur. It is also famous tourist spot. This is first plastic road.
Here is the list of localities/neighbourhoods in Jamshedpur
- Circuit House Area 
- Northern Town
- Telco Colony
- Birsa Nagar
- Cable Town
- Loco colony
According to the 2011 census of India, the city of Jamshedpur had a population of 629,659, but the Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,337,131. The city is designated as a Million Plus Urban Agglomeration as per Government terminology. Males constitute 52.1% of the population and females 47.9%. Tribals constitute around 28% of the population. Jamshedpur has an average literacy rate of 89.41% – higher than the national average of 74%. In Jamshedpur, 11.5% of the population is under six years of age.
Here the official language is Hindi. The second most spoken language is Urdu. Additionally, in Jamshedpur, many East Indian languages are spoken, including Bengali, Bhojpuri, Santhali and Odia. Punjabi is also spoken, as are some South Indian languages, such as Kannada and Tamil.
Jamshedpur is one of the industrial hubs of the city. Along with Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih, it is one of the industrial hubs of the state Jharkhand. It is often referred and called as the "The Steel Capital of India" or "The Steel City of India" and also "The Pittsburgh of India". It consists of several companies and also several other corporate Companies.
Tata Steel (the erstwhile Tata Iron and Steel Company or TISCO), situated almost at the centre of the city. Tata Steel is the largest iron and steel producing plant in India, as well as the oldest. It has been recognised as the best integrated steel plant twelve times; having won the PM's Trophy ten times and received the Certificate for Excellence twice.
The largest industry/factory in Jamshedpur is that of Tata Steel (the erstwhile Tata Iron and Steel Company or TISCO). Tata Steel is the largest iron and steel producing plant in India, as well as the oldest. It was also the first private steel company of India. It is situated almost at the center of the city and occupies approximately 1/5 of the entire city area. It acts as a pivotal center for the industries of the city of Jamshedpur with a large number of them having direct or indirect linkages with it.
It was established by an Indian Parsi businessman Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata in 1907 (he died in 1904, before the project was completed). Tata Steel was the first company to introduce an 8-hour work day as early as in 1912 when only a 12-hour work day was the legal requirement in Britain. It introduced leave-with-pay in 1920, a practice that became legally binding upon employers in India only in 1945. Similarly, Tata Steel started a Provident Fund for its employees as early as 1920, which became a law for all employers under the Provident Fund Act only in 1952. Tata Steel's furnaces have never been disrupted on account of a labour strike and this is an enviable record.
Tata Motors is the second major industry/factory of Jamshedpur. The Tata Motors was established in 1945, the Jamshedpur unit being the company's first unit was earlier called the TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company. It is spread over an area of 822 acres (3.33 km2) in the eastern side of the city. It manufactures Medium and Heavy commercial vehicles with all its main individual components like engines, gearboxes, etc. The company also has its own township now commonly called Telco in Jamshedpur. It also maintains a Hospital for its employees open to common people as well. Tata Power is a coal-fired captive power plant located in Jojobera, Jamshedpur. It is primarily for the needs of Jamshedpur and its neighboring regions. It has a capacity of 550 MW and has four units. It can be seen along with the Lafarge plant while traveling by train towards Kolkata.
Nuvoco Vistas Corp. Ltd.(Formerly Lafarge India) is a cement plant located in Jojobera, Jamshedpur. It was earlier called Tata Cements but was brought up by French giant Lafarge in November 1999. The plant has facilities of Cement Grinding unit with separate circuits for clinker and slag grinding and Vertical Cement Mill. And now it is Asia's largest Cement Grinding Unit. The plant has a capacity of 4.6 MTPA of Cement Portland Slag Cement (PSC) and Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) with famous premium brand "CONCRETO" and "Duraguard". In April 2017 Lafarge India rebranded as Nuvoco Vistas Corporation Ltd as Lafarge sold its Indian counterpart to Nirma Ltd
It is also home to TATA Cummins Pvt. Limited, Tayo Rolls Limited (defunct), TRF.Ltd, JUSCO, The Tinplate Company of India Limited, Tata Powers, Nuvoco Vistas Corporation.Ltd (earlier Lafarge Cement), Linde plc (one of Asia's largest Air Separation units), Praxair, Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery, Tata Ryerson (J.V of Tata Steel-Ryerson), Timken India (J.V of Tata Steel-Timken), Tata Bluescope (J.V of Tata Steel-BlueScope), Tata Steel Growth Shop or Tata Growth Shop (TGS), Tayo Rolls, Tata Pigments, Tata Tubes, Indian Steel and Wire Products Limited, Ernst & Young, Siemens, IBM, Tata Consultancy Services, UCIL and Thriveni Earthmovers Pvt Limited..
Apart from the above large corporates, Jamshedpur has a varied and powerful industrial base established at Adityapur Industrial Area (managed by AIADA). Jugsalai is key market for wholesalers while Sakchi is a popular business district retail low-cost market. The other industrial areas are Tata Steel Plant Area, Burmamines, Gamharia Industria Area, Bara, Jugsalai, TELCO Colony, Gamharia and Jojobera etc.
Retail is also a major economic part of Jamshedpur. P&M Hi-Tech City Centre Mall in Bistupur is currently the state's largest shopping mall. Here are several other shopping malls including SuperCentre and Basant Central etc. Here are several construction companies, Commercial Estate and real state companies. In this Ashiana Housing has also set up its major branch here. While other companies such as Aastha Developers and City Residency etc.
Jamshedpur is also regarded as the industrial capital of Jharkhand.
Arts and Culture
Jamshedpur, have influence on Hindi, Bengali and Bhojpuri cinema. A lot of films got shot and based in the city and it is also called "Mini Mumbai" because of a great cinema culture and producing many film and television artists.
Ritwik Ghatak's Subarnarekha, a 1962 Bengali film and Satyakam, a 1969 Hindi film starring Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore were shot in Ghatsila area. Years after, film Udaan was shot and based in the city which also got screened in Cannes Film Festival. Bubble Gum film was based in the city and portions of M.S.Dhoni: The Untold Story was also shot in steel city. Buddhadeb Dasgupta's Bengali film, Urojohaj was also shot in outskirts of city.
Upcoming film, Dil Bechara (earlier, Kizie Aur Manny) starring Sushant Singh Rajput and John Abraham's directorial Banana was also shot in the city. Many entertainers are also from this city such as Priyanka Chopra, R. Madhavan and Imtiaz Ali etc.
The civic administration of the city is under Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region, Govt of Jharkhand.
The major urban local bodies are :
- Jamshedpur Industrial Town
- Jamshedpur Notified Area Committee (JNAC)
- Mango Municipal Corporation
- Adityapur Municipal Corporation
- Jugsalai Nagar Parishad
- Kapali Nagar Parishad
Important educational institutions in Jamshedpur are:
XLRI, founded in 1949; Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, established in 1961; and the engineering college National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, an Institute of National Importance, established as a Regional Institute of Technology on 15 August 1960 . The National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), one of the 38 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratories, was inaugurated on 26 November 1950 by Jawaharlal Nehru. Shavak Nanavati Technical Institute (SNTI), established in 1921 as the technical training department of Tata Steel, now develops skilled employees for other companies as well. Its 400,000 volume library is one of the most popular in the city. Here are many high level institutions located in Jamshedpur. Now there is further development to setup more universities and several other educational institutions.
Jamshedpur has a reputation as the sports capital of Jharkhand with Tata Steel promoting sporting activities. Jamshedpur's private clubs provide opportunities for activities, such as golf, tennis, squash, billiards, horseriding and water scootering.
Academies and Stadiums
Academies and stadiums include:
- JRD Tata Sports Complex has an international standard multi-use stadium and an eight-lane mono-synthetic track. It is primarily used for football and athletics but facilities for various other sports including archery, basketball, field hockey, swimming, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, skating, yoga as well as a modern gymnasium, are available at the complex. The stadium hosted the women football competition & archery event of the 34th National Games in 2011.
- Keenan Stadium hosted its 1st International One Day Cricket match on 7 December 1983 in which India lost to the touring West Indies Team. Many other International matches have been played here in which India has won only one match against South Africa in 1999–2000.
- Tata Football Academy was started in 1987 to nurture budding Indian footballers and raise the standard of Indian football. TFA is a football club in Jamshedpur, sponsored by Tata Steel. Today, Tata Football Academy is one of the premier football breeding grounds in India.
- Tata Archery Academy: archery is a sport indigenous to the tribal people of Chhotanagpur and Santhal Pargana. Tata Steel has pursued and nurtured the local tribals and provided them with facilities and training to bring them up to international competition standards in archery. Its students have attributed a lot of fame to the institute by bringing in many medals in National and International competitions.
- Tata Steel Adventure Foundation – Bachendri Pal, the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest, is the director of Tata Steel Adventure Foundation.
Jamshedpur has two golf courses—the Beldih Golf Course and the Golmuri Golf Course. Both of these courses are at the heart of the city. The biggest is the Beldih Golf Course which is around 6,000 yards. The Golmuri Golf Course although smaller is also challenging. They together hold the annual Tata Open Golf Tournament which is an event held under the support of the Professional Golf Tour of India. The tournament was started in 2002. Jamshedpur also has the Jamshedpur Gliding Club and the Jamshedpur Co-operative Flying club.
Various local channels are upload and updating the news of Jamshedpur including
and many more etc.
- The Telegraph
- The Times of India
- The Pioneer
- The Avenue Mail.
- Jamshedpur Research Review
- Khobor Kagoj
Jamshedpur is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major highways are:
- National Highway 33 (NH-33) touches the city and connects it to Mumbai and further joins the NH32, which connects with Kolkata, Delhi NH-2, NH-33 and NH-6 connects it to Kharagpur, Kolkata.
- National Highway 18 (NH-18) connects Jamshedpur to Dhanbad, Via Bokaro.
- Tata-Kandra Road connects Jamshedpur to Kandra via Gamahria.
- Marine Drive, Jamshedpur connects Adityapur Toll Bridge to Mango via Kadma, Sonari through the western corridors of Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur has a bus station in Maango. This bus station have buses which go to other cities like Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ranchi etc. However, now there is a plan to update and rebuild and renovate this bus stand/station.
Sonari Airport is serving the city at present. It is spread over a 25-acre area in the Sonari area of the city. The airport is primarily used for bringing in chartered planes of TATA group. In previous days there were flights from Jamshedpur to Kolkata.
Dhalbhumgarh Airport is a proposed public airport located at Dhalbhumgarh, in the state of Jharkhand, India as a Greenfield airport for Jamshedpur. It will be built on the site of an abandoned World War II airfield situated 60 kilometres from Jamshedpur on NH-33. The old airfield was built around 1942, as an ancillary runway for other airfields in the vicinity that were being built around India's eastern frontier as part of the war effort. It was one of the airfields used by Allied forces to repel the advancing Japanese troops and to maintain transport links with China. As the Japanese forces came to control shipping in the China Sea, seaborne supply routes to China were cut and the difficult, 500 km route over the Himalayas was increasingly used. The airfield was abandoned after the war.
The technical team of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) conducted a survey in 2017 and approved the Dhalbhumgarh site for a greenfield airport. The government plans to invest Rs 300 crore through AAI for the new airport which will have a 3-kilometre-long runway. In January 2018, Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha announced that the Union Civil Aviation Ministry and the Jharkhand Government would sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the construction of Dhalbhumgarh Airport.
- Jubilee Park, built by Jamsetji Tata and was inspired by Vrindavan Gardens of Mysore
- Dalma Wild Life Sanctuary
- Dimna Lake, stunning artificial reservoir
- Tata Steel Zoological Park, also consists of a Safari
- JRD Tata Sports Complex, home stadium of Jamshedpur FC and held 2011 National Games
- Marine Drive, Jamshedpur, one of the few marine drives in India
- Dalma Hills, hill range surrounding East Singhbhum
- Ghatshila, a scenic picnic hotspot
- Jamshedpur Coin Museum, museum has got 1200 rare and antique coins of varied mint & metals and also has the world's smallest coin dating back to 300–400 AD
- Sumant Moolgaonkar Park, build near HUDCO Lake
- Millenium Park
- The Russi Modi Centre of Excellence
Downtown / Central Business District / City Centre (Center) of Sakchi
- Varun Aaron, cricketer
- Imtiaz Ali, director
- Pratyusha Banerjee, television actress
- Priyanka Chopra, Miss World 2000
- Rasika Dugal, actress
- Gerald Durrell, OBE, conservationist
- Ishita Dutta, actress
- Tanushree Dutta, former Femina Miss India and actress
- Ishank Jaggi, cricketer
- Saba Karim, cricketer
- Kamlesh Kumar, Teacher and social activist
- R. Madhavan, actor
- Manmohan, actor
- Shomu Mukherjee, filmmaker
- Gourav Mukhi, footballer
- Shweta Prasad, actress
- Arshadul Qadri, scholar
- K. V. P. Rao, cricketer
- Shilpa Rao, singer
- Randhir Singh, cricketer
- Simone Singh, Indian television actress
- Saurabh Tiwary, cricketer
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