Jamshid Amouzegar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jamshid Amuzegar)
Jump to: navigation, search
Jamshid Amouzegar
Jamshid Amouzegar.jpg
71st Prime Minister of Iran
In office
7 August 1977 – 27 August 1978
Monarch Mohammad Reza Shah
Deputy Gholam Reza Azhari
Preceded by Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
Succeeded by Jafar Sharif-Emami
Minister of Interior
In office
1 March 1974 – 7 August 1977
Prime Minister Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Preceded by Kamal Hassani
Succeeded by Gholam Reza Azhari
Minister of Finance
In office
1 February 1965 – 1 March 1974
Prime Minister Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Preceded by Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Succeeded by Hushang Ansary
Personal details
Born (1923-06-25)25 June 1923
Tehran, Iran
Died 27 September 2016(2016-09-27) (aged 93)
Rockville, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Rastakhiz Party
Spouse(s) Ulriche Amouzegar (1925–2005, her death)
Alma mater Cornell University

Jamshid Amouzegar (Persian: جمشید آموزگار‎‎‎; 25 June 1923 – 27 September 2016) was an Iranian economist and politician who was prime minister of Iran from 7 August 1977 to 27 August 1978 when he resigned. Prior to that, he served as the minister of interior and minister of finance in the cabinet of Amir-Abbas Hoveida. He was the leader of Rastakhiz Party during his tenure as prime minister of Iran.

Early life and education[edit]

Born on 25 June 1923 in Tehran, Iran,[1] He graduated from Tehran University with degrees in law and engineering.[1] Then he attended Cornell University and received a PhD.[1]


Amouzegar began to serve as deputy minister in the Iran's ministry of health under Jahanshah Saleh in 1955. He was appointed minister of labor and then minister of health in the cabinet led by prime minister Hasan-ali Mansour. He subsequently became minister of finance in the cabinet of Amir Abbas Hoveida after the assassination of prime minister Mansour in 1964, remaining in that post for nine years. From 1965 to 1974 he headed several ordinary meetings of the OPEC.[2] In 1971, he and Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani of Saudi Arabia were instrumental in implementing the series of price hikes that ultimately quadrupled the price of oil and provided the resources for Iran to modernize its infrastructure, agriculture, and defense. For this accomplishment, Amouzegar was awarded the Taj-e Iran, first class, an honor normally reserved for only the prime minister and former prime ministers. He was appointed minister of interior in 1974. On 21 December 1975 he was taken hostage by the Venezuelan terrorist Carlos the Jackal during an OPEC meeting. Carlos was ordered to execute him, but did not do so, and Amouzegar was released along with the other hostages after a few days.[citation needed]

In 1977 he became chairman of the Rastakhiz (Resurrection) party, having led the progressive faction against finance minister Hushang Ansary's liberal constructionist faction. Soon after Jimmy Carter became president of the United States, Amouzegar was appointed prime minister of Iran on 7 August 1977, succeeding Amir Abbas Hoveyda.[3] However, he rapidly became unpopular as he attempted to slow the overheated economy with measures that, although generally thought necessary, triggered a downturn in employment and private sector profits that would later compound the government's problems. He resigned and was replaced by Jafar Sharif-Emami on 27 August 1978.[3][4]

Amouzegar did not return to Iran after leaving in 1978. He lived in Chevy Chase, Maryland and later in Rockville.[5] Amouzegar was also a consultant to the governments of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.[5]

He died in Rockville, Maryland in the United States on 27 September 2016 at age of 93.[5]


We Iranians were invaded by Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Turks, but we never lost our identity because foreign invaders would find a richer culture in Persians than that of their own.

[citation needed]



  1. ^ a b c Kadivar, Darius (20 May 2012). "Shah Names New Cabinet with Jamshid Amouzegar as PM (1977)". The Iranian. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "162th Ordinary Meeting" (PDF). OPEC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Nikazmerad, Nicholas M. (1980). "A Chronological Survey of the Iranian Revolution". Iranian Studies. 13 (1/4): 327–368. JSTOR 4310346. doi:10.1080/00210868008701575. 
  4. ^ Mansoor Moaddel (January 1994). Class, Politics, and Ideology in the Iranian Revolution. Columbia University Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-231-51607-5. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Jamshid Amouzegar, former Iranian prime minister, dies at 93". The Washington Post. 

Source used for this article[edit]

  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volume 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-5-3.
  • Qajar (Kadjar) Orders and Decorations
Political offices
Preceded by
Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Minister of Finance
Succeeded by
Hushang Ansary
Preceded by
Kamal Hassani
Minister of Interior
Succeeded by
Gholam Reza Azhari
Preceded by
Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Prime Minister of Iran
Succeeded by
Jafar Sharif-Emami
Party political offices
Preceded by
Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Leader of Rastakhiz Party
Succeeded by
Javad Saeed