Jamu Mare

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Jamu Mare
Commune
Train station in Jamu Mare
Train station in Jamu Mare
Jamu Mare is located in Romania
Jamu Mare
Jamu Mare
Coordinates: 45°15′N 21°25′E / 45.250°N 21.417°E / 45.250; 21.417
Country  Romania
County Actual Timis county CoA.svg Timiș
Government
 • Mayor Valeriu Filipiac (PSD)
Population (2002)[1] 3,327
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jamu Mare is a commune in Timiș County, Banat, Romania.

Name[edit]

In Romanian the name means "Greater Jam/Žam". On the other side of the border, in Serbia, there is a village called Mali Žam (Smaller Žam/Jam). Names in other languages: German: Freudenthal or Gross-Scham, Hungarian: Nagyzsám.

Villages and population[edit]

The commune is composed of five villages: Clopodia (Klopódia), Ferendia (Ferendia), Gherman (Ermény), Jamu Mare and Lățunaș (Lacunás). The village of Jamu Mare has a population of 1,414, while the whole commune has a population of 3,059 people (as of January 2009).

Transport[edit]

Jamu Mare is now a railway terminus, but between 1925 and 1930, trains would pass through it all the way to Vršac in present-day Serbia. Train services to Gătaia and Buziaş are now operated by Regiotrans.

Four county roads run through the commune.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in a document in 1343, under the name "villa Zamer".

In 1717, the village Scham had 67 houses. At the end of the 18th century, Hungarian statistician Fényes Elek recorded that the village called Nagy Zsám had a population of 1,562, under the rule of the nobleman Ludovic Karácsony.

In 1786 the German colony Freudenthal was founded, at a distance of 4 km away from the current site of the village of Jamu Mare. During the 50 years following 1809, the Romanian population was expelled from the commune, so as to make room for the German families coming from Fibiș, Iecea and Grabaț. In 1893 the German colony was included in the village of Jamu Mare.

From 1919 to 1924 the commune belonged to the Serbo-Croat Kingdom.

Demographics[edit]

In 2002, in the commune there were 2,894 Romanians, 240 Hungarians, 63 Germans, 73 Romani people and 54 people from other ethnic groups.

In 2009, the stable population count of the commune was 3095 persons.

Coordinates: 45°15′N 21°25′E / 45.250°N 21.417°E / 45.250; 21.417

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010