Jamui

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Jamui district.
Jamui
जमुई
City
Jamui is located in Bihar
Jamui
Jamui
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22Coordinates: 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22
Country  India
State Bihar
Region Magadha
Division Munger
District Jamui
Ward 30 wards
Named for Jambhiya Gram
Government
 • Type Chairman–Nagar Parishad
 • Body Jamui Nagar Parishad
Elevation 78 m (256 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 87,357
Languages
 • Official Angika, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN

811307

811307
Telephone code 06345
Sex ratio 898/1000(2011) /
Website www.jamui.bih.nic.in

Jamui is a city and a municipality in Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district headquarters of Jamui district. Jamui was formed as a district on 21 February 1991 as a result of its separation from Munger.

Historical existence of Jamui has been observed from the Period of Mahabharta war. Archaeological and historical evidence shows its close association with Jain tradition for a long past to the present time.

There are mainly two hypotheses which have been mentioned by historians regarding the origin of the name of the district Jamui. The first hypothesis said that the name of Jamui derived from “Jambhiya Gram” or “Jribhikgram” village, which has the place of attaining ‘Omniscience’ (Kevala Jnana) of Vardhaman Mahavira and according to another hypothesis the name Jamui is originated from Jambuwani.

Geography[edit]

Jamui is located at 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22.[1] It has an average elevation of 78 metres (255 feet).

Jamui is well connected to the rest of the country via road while the Delhi-Howrah rail line is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away at Mallepur (Mallepur railway station is also known as Jamui railway station). Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna is about 161 kilometres (100 mi) and Gaya Airport 136 kilometres (85 mi) away.

Situated along the Bihar-Jharkhand border, Jamui is dotted with hills and the small retreat town of Simultala falls within the Jhajha block, on the main Delhi-Howrah rail line. The town of Gidhaur, situated 17 kilometres (11 mi) away was the seat of kings during the British Raj and many buildings from the period still survive. Minto Tower in Gidhaur is a prime example of architecture from the period. Jamui district is also known for having many places related to the origin of Jainism.

The district has untapped reserves of resources including mica, coal, gold and iron ore.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Jamui had a population of 87,357. Males constitute 52.6% of the population and females 47.26%. Jamui has an average literacy rate of 64.33%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 57.39%, and female literacy is 42.6%. In Jamui, 16.22% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notable places[edit]

  • Jain Mandir, Dharamsala
  • Kshatriya Kund Gram
  • Giddheshwar Temple
  • Pathneshwar Mandir
  • Kali Mandir
  • Hazrat Khan Gaji Dargah, Amrath Shareef
  • Jame Masjid, Jamui
  • Kakan This place is situated 20 km north of Jamui. This is supposed to be the birthplace of Suvidhinath, the 9th Tirthankara of Jains. Thousands of pilgrims use to visit this place every year.
  • Indpai This is supposed to be the capital of the last local king of Pala dynasty, Indradyumna of 12th century. It was earlier known as Indraprastha. Many archaeological evidences have been found at this place.
  • Kumar Gram There is an old Devi temple, which is known as Netula Than. This place is situated in Sikandra Block.

Mahadev Simariya Temple

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jamui one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Divisions[edit]

  1. No. of Police District 1
  2. No. of Sub-Divisions 1
  3. No. of Blocks 10
  4. No. of Circles 10
  5. No. of Police Stations 28
  6. No. of Panchayats 153
  7. No. of Villages 1,506

Famous personalities[edit]

.Late Sri Chandrashekhar Singh: Chandrashekhar Singh was a member of Indian National Congress and served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from Aug 1983 to Mar 1985. He also held a number of Cabinet Ministers positions in the Cabinet of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

Late Sri Tripurari Singh: Noted political leader who became Chairman of Bihar Vidhan Sabha.Most renowned leader of jamui district.

Late Sri Shukra Das Yadav: Noted social reformer and political leader, who fought for the cause of weaker section of the society. He also fought against Dowry, Child Marriage and Caste System. Later he joined politics and became Pramukh.

Late Sri Shyama Prasad Singh: A freedom fighter who actively participating in Civil Disobedience Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He was editor of Calcutta Samachar and director of Nav Sakti Patna.

Late Sri Giridhar Narayan Singh: Noted freedom fighter member of Socialist Party who founded the Kishan Shabha against the British rule. He actively participated in 1942 Quit India Movement.

Late Sri Dukhharan Prasad: Noted freedom fighter, who led the freedom movement to the common masses. He was sent to jail in 1943 where he was assaulted badly by the police and consequently he died and became an immortal martyr of the nation.

Late Sri Digvijay Singh: Digvijay Singh was an Indian politician from the state of Bihar and was an independent Member of the Parliament of India representing Banka in the Lok Sabha,he belonged to gidhaur.

Late Sri Panchanan Singh: A well known personality of Jamui. Noted lawyer, social worker and politician. An eminent lawyer who served Jamui district for more than 50 years. He was known for his honesty, hard work and disparity. He died June 6, 2015 at the age of 87 in Delhi AIIMS.

REFERENCES

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jamui
  2. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=270985
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.