Jamul, California

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Jamul
Census designated place
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
Jamul is located in the US
Jamul
Jamul
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°43′36″N 116°52′56″W / 32.72667°N 116.88222°W / 32.72667; -116.88222Coordinates: 32°43′36″N 116°52′56″W / 32.72667°N 116.88222°W / 32.72667; -116.88222
Country United States
State California
CountySan Diego
Area[1]
 • Total16.833 sq mi (43.598 km2)
 • Land16.583 sq mi (42.951 km2)
 • Water0.250 sq mi (0.647 km2)  1.49%
Elevation997 ft (304 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total6,163
 • Density370/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code91935
Area code619
FIPS code06-37120
GNIS feature ID1652730

Jamul /hɑːˈml/ (Tipai Kumeyaay: meaning "foam or lather")[2] is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Diego County, California. Jamul had a population of 6,163 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau Jamul is located at 32°43′36″N 116°52′56″W / 32.726557°N 116.882336°W / 32.726557; -116.882336.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Jamul census-designated place (CDP) has a total area of 16.8 square miles (44 km2). 16.6 square miles (43 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.49%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Jamul had a population of 6,163. The population density was 366.1 people per square mile (141.4/km²). The racial makeup of Jamul was 5,300 (86.0%) White, 127 (2.1%) African American, 28 (0.5%) Native American, 146 (2.4%) Asian, 10 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 294 (4.8%) from other races, and 258 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,188 persons (19.3%).

The Census reported that 6,105 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 18 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 40 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,906 households, out of which 727 (38.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,409 (73.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 136 (7.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 101 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 68 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 28 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 187 households (9.8%) were made up of individuals and 84 (4.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20. There were 1,646 families (86.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.38.

The population was spread out with 1,396 people (22.7%) under the age of 18, 585 people (9.5%) aged 18 to 24, 1,161 people (18.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,198 people (35.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 823 people (13.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.

There were 1,974 housing units at an average density of 117.3 per square mile (45.3/km²), of which 1,692 (88.8%) were owner-occupied, and 214 (11.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 2.7%. 5,404 people (87.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 701 people (11.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 5,920 people, 1,762 households, and 1,541 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 359.9 inhabitants per square mile (138.9/km²). There were 1,789 housing units at an average density of 108.8 per square mile (42.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.37% White, 2.13% African American, 0.39% Native American, 3.07% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 3.63% from other races, and 4.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.77% of the population.

There were 1,762 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.7% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.5% were non-families. 8.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.30 and the average family size was 3.48.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $87,309, and the median income for a family was $89,550. Males had a median income of $60,808 versus $40,568 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $32,450. About 5.0% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Casino Controversy[edit]

In 1999, the Tipai Band of Kumeyaay Indians, with 64 members living on 6 acres (24,000 m2) of sovereign land in the Jamul area designated the "Jamul Indian Village," announced their intent to develop a new hotel and casino.

There was some opposition. The chief concern was the increased traffic on the main road through the town, Highway 94. The proposed casino location was such that all the traffic to and from would likely pass through the middle of the town.

The tribe went ahead with casino. Penn National Gaming became the developer, lender and manager of a $400 million Hollywood Casino in collaboration with the Jamul Indian Village. Hollywood Casino Jamul - San Diego opened on October 10, 2016. The casino included a three-story gaming and entertainment facility of approximately 200,000 square feet, featuring over 1,700 slot machines, 40 live table games, multiple restaurants, bars and lounges and an enclosed below grade parking structure with approximately 1,800 spaces.[7]

Politics[edit]

In the California State Senate, Jamul is located in California's 40th State Senate district. In the California State Assembly, Jamul is in the 71st Assembly District, represented by Republican Randy Voepel.[8]

In the United States House of Representatives, Jamul is in California's 50th congressional district, represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter[9] and California's 51st congressional district, represented by Democrat Juan Vargas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ Fetzer, Leland (2005). San Diego County Place Names A to Z. San Diego: Sunbelt Publications. p. 69. Kumeyaay hemull "foam, lather" Margaret Langdon in Gudde 182. [Gudde, Erwin G. California Placed Names. ed. by William Bright (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998)]
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Jamul CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "About Hollywood Casino Jamul". Hollywood Casino Jamul. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  8. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  9. ^ "California's 50th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.

External links[edit]