|Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia in exile|
21 July 1940 – 5 April 1945
8 November 1870|
|Died||22 April 1956
|Political party||Czechoslovak People's Party|
|Alma mater||Palacký University, Olomouc|
Jan Šrámek (November 8, 1870, Grygov, Margraviate of Moravia – April 22, 1956, Prague) was Prime Minister of the Czechoslovak government-in-exile from July 21, 1940 to April 5, 1945. He was the first chairman of the Czechoslovak People's Party and was a Monsignor.
From 1945 on Czechoslovakia was ruled by the Communist-dominated National Front which also included Šrámek's People's Party. Šrámek and his co-partisans worried about the increasing role of the communist party. Since 1947 the popular support for communists started to diminish. In order to consolidate power, communists carried out a coup in February 1948. Mgr. Šrámek had to resign as the chairman of the People's Party. His successor Rostislav Petr, and priest Josef Plojhar, a "strong man" within the People's Party, supported unconditional collaboration with communists.
Mgr. Jan Šrámek died 22 April 1956.