Jan Šrámek

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Jan Šrámek
Jan Šrámek.jpg
Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia in exile
In office
21 July 1940 – 5 April 1945
PresidentEdvard Beneš
Personal details
Born(1870-08-11)11 August 1870
Grygov, Austria-Hungary
Died22 April 1956(1956-04-22) (aged 85)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Political partyCzechoslovak People's Party
Alma materPalacký University, Olomouc

Jan Šrámek (11 August 1870, Grygov, Margraviate of Moravia – 22 April 1956, Prague)[1] was Prime Minister of the Czechoslovak government-in-exile from 21 July 1940 to 5 April 1945. He was the first chairman of the Czechoslovak People's Party[2] and was a Monsignor.[3]

From 1945 on Czechoslovakia was ruled by the Communist-dominated National Front which also included Šrámek's People's Party. Šrámek and the rest of his coalition worried about the increasing role of the communist party. In 1947, the popular support for communists started to diminish. To consolidate power, communists carried out a coup in February 1948. Šrámek had to resign as the chairman of the People's Party. His successor, Rostislav Petr, and Josef Plojhar, a "strong man" in the People's Party, supported unconditional collaboration with communists.


  1. ^ Profile of Jan Šrámek
  2. ^ Gehler, Michael; Kaiser, Wolfram (2004). Christian Democracy in Europe Since 1945. Taylor & Francis. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-203-64623-6.
  3. ^ Churchill, Winston; Gilbert, Martin (2001). The Churchill War Papers: The Ever-Widening War, 1941. W W Norton & Company Incorporated. p. 516. ISBN 978-0-393-01959-9.