Jan Brueghel the Younger
Jan Brueghel the Younger
Jan Brueghel the Younger, engraving by Anthony van Dyck
|Died||February 1678 (aged 76–77)|
Antwerp, Duchy of Brabant, Spanish Netherlands
Jan Brueghel (also Bruegel or Breughel) the Younger (//, also US: //; Dutch: [ˈjɑn ˈbrøːɣəl] (listen); 13 September 1601 – 1 September 1678) was a Flemish Baroque painter, and the son of Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Brueghel was born and died in the 17th century in Antwerp. He was trained by his father and spent his career producing works in a similar style. Along with his brother Ambrosius, he produced landscapes, allegorical scenes and other works of meticulous detail. Brueghel also copied works by his father and sold them with his father's signature. His work is distinguishable from that of his parent by being less well executed and lighter.
Jan the Younger was traveling in Italy when his father died of cholera, and swiftly returned to take control of the Antwerp studio. After the death of his father he changed his signature from 'Brueghel' to 'Breughel'. The next year in 1626 he married Anna-Maria Janssens, daughter of Abraham Janssens. He soon established himself and was made dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1630. That same year he was commissioned by the French court to paint Adam Cycle. In the following years, he also produced paintings for the Austrian court, and worked independently in Paris, before returning to Antwerp in 1657. He collaborated with a number of prominent artists including Rubens, Hendrick van Balen (1575–1632), Adriaen Stalbemt (1580–1682), Lucas Van Uden (1596–1672), his brother-in-law David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) and his father-in-law Abraham Janssens.
Jan the Younger's best works are his extensive landscapes, either under his own name or made for other artists such as Hendrick van Balen as backgrounds. His pupils were his older sons Abraham, Philips and Jan Peeter, his nephew Jan van Kessel, and his younger brother Ambrosius. Jan the Younger has fifteen paintings in National public collections in the United Kingdom.
In an episode of BBC's Britain's Lost Masterpieces broadcast in November 2019, a very badly damaged picture of a village scene, whose panel has spilt into two pieces, was located at Birmingham Art Gallery. Following a complete restoration by Simon Gillespie, the landscape was attributed to Joos de Momper and the figures were attributed to Jan the Younger.
Grotto Landscape with a Hermitage, c. 1630, together with Joos de Momper, Private collection
Massacre of the innocent children, together with Hendrick van Balen
Brueghel family tree
- "Brueghel". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "Bruegel". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "Brueghel". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- "Brueghel". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
- Jan Brueghel (II) in the RKD
- "Jan Brueghel the Younger (Getty Museum)". Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- 16 paintings by or after Jan Brueghel the Younger at the Art UK site
- "Britain's Lost Masterpieces - Series 4: 2. Birmingham". BBC.
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- Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. .