Jan Jakob Maria de Groot

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J.J.M. de Groot
Jan Jakob Maria de Groot.jpg
Born (1854-02-18)18 February 1854
Schiedam, Netherlands
Died 24 September 1921(1921-09-24) (aged 67)
Berlin, Germany
Nationality Dutch
Fields Chinese history, religion
Institutions Leiden University
Academic advisors Gustaaf Schlegel
Notable students J.J.L. Duyvendak
Chinese name
Chinese 高延

Jan Jakob Maria de Groot (18 February 1854 – 24 September 1921) was a Dutch sinologist and historian of religion. He taught at Leiden and later in Berlin, and is chiefly remembered for his monumental work, The Religious System of China, Its Ancient Forms, Evolution, History and Present Aspect, Manners, Customs and Social Institutions Connected Therewith. The two "books" of this detailed and well-illustrated treatise appeared in six volumes - and, according to the preface in the first volume, the System was originally meant to include several more "books".

De Groot became a corresponding member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1887, a foreign member in 1892 and a regular member in 1911.[1]

Among a plethora of other topics, de Groot's Religious System of China contains a detailed study of China's funerary stelae, and the mythical animals used to decorate them


  1. ^ "J.J.M. de Groot (1854 - 1921)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 24 January 2016.