Jan Mandijn

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Jan Mandijn
Jan Mandyn 001.jpg
The temptation of St. Anthony [nl], ca. 1550, signed Ian Mandijn.
Born
Jan Mandijn

1500
Died1560 (aged 59–60)
NationalityNetherlands
Known forPainting
MovementRenaissance Dutch Renaissance

Jan Mandijn or Jan Mandyn (c.1500, Haarlem –c.1560, Antwerp) was a Dutch Renaissance painter, who worked in Antwerp after 1530.

Biography[edit]

Mandijn trained in Haarlem. He moved to Antwerp in 1530.[1]

He was the teacher of Jan van der Elburcht, Gillis Mostaert and Bartholomeus Spranger.[1][2][3] He died in Antwerp.

Jan Mandijn, Triptych with scenes from the life of Saint Eustace, 1552. Scherpenheuvel-Zichem, Church of Saint Eustace. The city of Zichem commissioned the altarpiece in 1550.[4]

Work[edit]

Only one signed work of Mandijn survives, the Temptation of Saint Anthony (Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem). It is similar in style to Hieronymus Bosch and that is why he is called a follower of Bosch.[1] This is confirmed by the early biographer Karel van Mander who wrote that Mandijn was good at painting spooky and funny scenes like Hieronymus Bosch.[5] The 'Temptation' is inspired by Bosch’s work, but Mandijn's style was freer and looser and the colours and fantastic creatures are less harmonious. As a result the whole is less powerful than Bosch.[1] Mandijn's paintings incorporate the elements typical of Bosch such as hybrid demons composed of various parts of insects, amphibians, reptiles and birds.[6]

The stylistic features of Mandijn's style have been identified in a series of Antwerp ‘devil pictures’ that have been attributed to him, such as the Temptation of Saint Christopher (Alte Pinakothek in Munich).[1]

A recent study showed that Mandijn was also proficient in the "antique" manner. In 1552, for instance, the painter and his workshop completed a monumental altarpiece in a classicizing style for the Church of Saint Eustace in Zichem. The triptych with scenes from the life of Saint Eustace is still preserved in the afore-mentioned church.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Els Vermandere. "Mandijn, Jan." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 20 May. 2014
  2. ^ Jan Mandijn at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
  3. ^ Frans en Gillis Mostart in Karel van Mander's Schilder-boeck, 1604 (in Dutch)
  4. ^ Daan van Heesch, 'Out of Bosch's shadow: a rediscovered altarpiece by Jan Mandijn', Oud Holland 131 (2018): pp. 109-122
  5. ^ 'Noch was te Haerlen eenen Ian Mandijn, die seer op zijn Ieronimus Bos fraey was van ghespoock en drollerije' in Karel van Mander's Schilder-boeck (in Dutch)
  6. ^ Larry Silver, 'Peasant Scenes and Landscapes: The Rise of Pictorial Genres in the Antwerp Art Market', University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012
  7. ^ Van Heesch (2018): pp. 109-122

External link[edit]

Media related to Jan Mandijn at Wikimedia Commons