|Born||8 August 1936|
|Died||19 February 2022(aged 85)|
|Genre||Children's literature, picture books, movable books|
|Notable awards||Kate Greenaway Medal |
|Spouse||David Walser (2005–2022)|
Jan Michał Pieńkowski (8 August 1936 – 19 February 2022) was a Polish-born British author of children's books—as illustrator, as writer, and as designer of movable books. He is best known for illustrating the Meg and Mog picture book series. He also designed for the theatre. For his contribution as a children's illustrator he was UK nominee in 1982 and again in 2008 for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award, the highest recognition available to creators of children's books.
WorldCat reports that Pieńkowski's work most widely held in participating libraries is Christmas, the King James Version (1984; US ISBN 0394869230), a 24-page picture book that "[u]ses the words of the Gospels of Luke and Matthew to present the story of the birth of Jesus."
Jan Pieńkowski was born in Warsaw to Jerzy, a farm manager, and Wanda (née Garlicka), a scientist. He was three years old in September 1939 when World War II began in Europe with the invasion of Poland. He was in an air-raid shelter during a Nazi firebomb attack, when a Polish insurgent showed him paper cut-out techniques. He later used these in over 150 picture books. From 1944, the family moved through Bavaria, Austria and Italy, before settling in Herefordshire, England, in 1946, where Pieńkowski attended Lucton School.
At the age of 10, he could not speak any English. However, a year later he passed his Eleven-Plus exam and attended the Cardinal Vaughan School in London and later read English Classics at King's College, Cambridge. It was here that he met his friend, and later agent, Angela Holder, who persuaded him to turn one of his poster designs into a greetings card.
After leaving university, together they founded the Gallery Five greeting cards company. He began illustrating children's books in spare time but soon found it taking all his time.
In 1968, Pieńkowski began working with children's author Joan Aiken. He won the annual Kate Greenaway Medal for their 1971 book, The Kingdom Under the Sea and other stories (Jonathan Cape), eleven "fairy tales from Eastern Europe and Russia" retold by Aiken. That award by the Library Association recognised the year's best children's book illustration by a British subject. In retrospect the librarians call it "brilliantly illustrated in a highly original and recognisable silhouette style". One year earlier he had been one of three Greenaway runners up for The Golden Bird (J. M. Dent, 1970), written by Edith Brill.[a]
Pieńkowski is probably best known for illustrating the Meg and Mog books written by Helen Nicoll, and for his pop-up books including Haunted House, Robot, Dinner Time, Good Night and 17 others.
Haunted House (Heinemann, 1979) earned Pieńkowski his second Greenaway Medal (no one has won three). The librarians describe it as "the house of petrifying pop-ups". The pop-up book was so successful that Intervisual Books Inc. reproduced the book as part of its 1992 Annual Report. The report noted "Haunted House was first published in 1979, and has sold 1,083,366 copies, in 13 languages, to nearly 30 countries worldwide."
Pieńkowski had a lifelong interest in stage design. He was commissioned to provide designs for Théâtre de Complicité, Beauty and the Beast for the Royal Ballet, and Sleeping Beauty at Disneyland Paris.
In December 2008 he was a guest on Private Passions, a biographic music discussion programme on BBC Radio 3. Published episode notes include the observation that "[h]is musical choices, which all have strong personal resonances, reflect his Polish background as well as his love of both Italy and England." Recordings of two Polish numbers led the program: "Infant holy, infant lowly", a traditional Christmas Carol (lyrics in English translation), and Chopin's so-called Military Polonaise.
In 2019, Pienkowski was awarded the Booktrust's Lifetime Achievement Award.
Personal life and death
In October 2009, Pieńkowski was a guest on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs. During the programme he discussed his childhood spent roaming Europe, his dead infant sister, his bipolarity and his collection of discarded garments (which he would wear himself or give away to charity shops).
He also talked about his 40-year relationship with his collaborator and civil partner, David Walser, whom he met in a pub on the King's Road in West London. They contracted their partnership in Richmond on the first day this was possible in 2005.
Pieńkowski lived and worked in Barnes, London, where he was a patron of the Barnes Literary Society.
He died from complications of dementia on 19 February 2022, at the age of 85.
The Booker Prize trophy
In 1969, Pieńkowski designed a trophy for the Booker Prize, which was unveiled at the first prize ceremony that year, with the statuette being awarded to P. H. Newby. Although the statuette was out of use for many years, after Pieńkowski's death it was reinstated in his honour and was awarded to the winner of the Booker Prize 2022, Shehan Karunatilaka.
- Annie, Bridget and Charlie (1967)
- The Golden Bird (1972)
- Haunter House Intervisual Books
- The First Christmas
- The First Noel
- Botticelli's Bed & Breakfast
- Little Monsters
- 1 2 3
- Big Machines
- Dinner Times
- Meg and Mog
- Meg on the Moon
- Meg and the Romans
- The Fairytales
- Pet Food
- Small Talk
- Oh My a Fly
- Yea No
- Road Hog
- The Animals Went in Two by Two
- ^ Today there are usually eight books on the Greenaway shortlist. According to CCSU, some runners up through 2002 were Commended (from 1959) or Highly Commended (from 1974). There were 99 commendations of both kinds in 44 years, including Pieńkowski and two others in 1970.
- ^ a b c d e "Jan Pienkowski obituary". The Times. 22 February 2022. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
"IBBY Announces Winners of 2008 Hans Christian Andersen Awards". International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). Press release 31 March 2008.
"Hans Christian Andersen Awards". IBBY. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- ^ "Candidates for the Hans Christian Andersen Awards 1956–2002" Archived 14 January 2013 at archive.today. The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Pages 110–18. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online (literature.at). Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- ^ Christmas, the King James Version in libraries (WorldCat catalog). Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- ^ Styles, Morag (20 February 2022). "Jan Pieńkowski obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
- ^ a b c "Jan Pienkowski". Broadcast episode recording (45 minutes). Desert Island Discs, Sunday, 18 October 2009. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- ^ a b (Greenaway Winner 1971). Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- ^ "Kate Greenaway Medal" Archived 16 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. 2007(?). Curriculum Lab. Elihu Burritt Library. Central Connecticut State University (CCSU). Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- ^ a b (Greenaway Winner 1979). Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- ^ Pieńkowski, Jan (1992). Haunted House, Intervisual Books 1992 Annual Report. Intervisual Books.
- ^ "Jan Pienkowski". Broadcast episode notes (recording not available). Private Passions, Sunday 14 December 2008, 12:00 (one hour). BBC Radio 3. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- ^ "Meg and Mog illustrator awarded Lifetime Achievement award". Nursery World. 10 May 2019.
- ^ "Jan Pienkowski". Barnes Literary Society. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- ^ Khomami, Nadia (20 February 2022). "Jan Pieńkowski, illustrator of Meg and Mog books, dies at 85". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
- ^ "Jan Pienkowski obituary". The Times. 21 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
- ^ "The Booker Prize trophy: the story behind our distinctive statuette". The Booker Prizes. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
- ^ Kemp-Habib, Alice (19 January 2023). "Booker Foundation launches competition to name trophy". The Bookseller. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
- D. Martin, "Jan Pienkowski", in Douglas Martin, The Telling Line: Essays On Fifteen Contemporary Book Illustrators (Julia MacRae Books, 1989), pp. 187–201
- "An Interview with Jan Pienkowski", Puffin Post (1984 Summer)
- Official website with Jan's name spoken by Maureen Lipman (audio, endorsed)
- "Pop-up designer" at FT.com: Visual Arts (5 July 2008) (registration required)
- Alison Flood, "Meg, Mog and other monsters" in The Guardian (22 December 2008), based on interview
- Jan Pienkowski at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Jan Pieńkowski at Library of Congress, with 88 library catalogue records
- 1936 births
- 2022 deaths
- Alumni of King's College, Cambridge
- British children's book illustrators
- British children's writers
- British gay artists
- British gay writers
- Deaths from dementia in the United Kingdom
- Kate Greenaway Medal winners
- LGBT Christians
- People educated at Lucton School
- People from Warsaw
- Polish emigrants to the United Kingdom
- Polish gay artists
- Polish gay writers
- Pop-up book artists
- Writers who illustrated their own writing